Research Publications

Publications by Andrew G. Fountain

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Andrew G. Fountain, Glenn, B., Basagic, IV, H. J. 2017: The geography of glaciers and perennial snowfields in the American West. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 49(3): 391-410. DOI: 10.1657/AAAR0017-003

Michael Gooseff, Barrett, J. E., Adams, B. J., Doran, P. T., Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W. B., Diane M. McKnight, Priscu, J. C., Sokol, E. R., Takacs-Vesbach, C., Vandegehuchte, M. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H. 2017: Decadal ecosystem response to an anomalous melt season in a polar desert in Antarctica. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1: 1334-1338. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0253-0

Lyons, W. B., Welch, K. A., Levy, J. S., Andrew G. FountainDiane M. McKnight 2016: Solute and sediment fluxes from rivers and streams in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In Beylich, A. A., Dixon, J. C., and Zwolinski, Z. (eds.), Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 260-271. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781107705791

Bagshaw, E. A., Wadham, J. L., Mowlem, M., Tranter, M., Eveness, J., Andrew G. Fountain, Telling, J. 2011: Determination of dissolved oxygen in the cryosphere: A comprehensive laboratory and field evaluation of fiber optic sensors. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(2): 700 705, DOI: 10.1021/es102571j

Gooseff, M. N., Diane M. McKnight, Doran, P., Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W. B. 2011: Hydrological connectivity of the landscape of the McMurdo Dry Valleys. Antarctica Geography Compass, 5(9): 666 681.

, Nkem, J. N., Wall, D. H., Adams, B. J., Barrett, J. E., Simmons, B. L., Virginia, R. A., Andrew G. Fountain 2010: Experimentally increased snow accumulation alters soil moisture and animal community structure in a polar desert. Polar Biology, 33(7): 897 907, DOI: 10.1007/s00300-010-0766-3

Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Monaghan, A., Basagic, H. J., Bromwich, D. 2010: Snow in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. International Journal of Climatology, 30(5): 633 642, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1933

Hall, B. L., Denton, G. H., Andrew G. Fountain, Hendy, C. H., Henderson, G. M. 2010: Antarctic lakes suggest millennial reorganizations of southern hemisphere atmospheric and oceanic circulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U.S.A., 107(50): 21355 21359, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1007250107

Hunt, H. W., Andrew G. Fountain, Doran, P. T., Basagic, H. 2010: A dynamic physical model for soil temperature and water in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 22(4): 419 434, DOI: 10.1017/S0954102010000234

Sitts, D. J., Andrew G. Fountain, Hoffman, M. J. 2010: Twentieth century glacier change on Mount Adams, Washington, USA. Northwest Sciences, 84(4): 378 385.

Andrew G. Fountain, Hoffman, M. J., Granshaw, F., Riedel, J. 2009: The benchmark glacier concept Does it work? Lessons from the North Cascade Range, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 50(50): 163 168.

Marcott, S. A., Andrew G. Fountain, O Connor, J. E., Sniffen, P. J., Dethier, D. P. 2009: A latest Pleistocene and Holocene glacial history and paleoclimate reconstruction at Three Sisters and Broken Top Volcanoes, Oregon, USA. Quaternary Research, 71(2): 181 189, DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2008.09.002

Granshaw, F. D., Andrew G. Fountain 2008: Glacier change (1958-1998) in the North Cascades National Park Complex, Washington, USA. Journal of Glaciology, 53(183): 723.

Hoffman, M. J., Andrew G. Fountain, Liston, G. E. 2008: Surface energy balance and melt thresholds over 11 years at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(F4): F04014. DOI: 10.1029/2008JF001029

Barrett, J. E., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Doran, P. T., Andrew G. Fountain, Welch, K. A., Lyons, W. B. 2008: Persistent effects of a discrete warming event on a polar desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 14(10): 2249-2261. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01641.x

Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Tranter, M., Bagshaw, E. A. 2008: Temporal variations in physical and chemical features of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G01S92. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000430

Hodson, A., Anesio, A. M., Tranter, M., Andrew G. Fountain, Osborn, M., Priscu, J., Laybourn-Parry, J., Sattler, B. 2008: Glacial ecosystems. Ecological Monographs, 78(1): 41-67.

Jackson, K. M., Andrew G. Fountain 2007: Spatial and morphological change on Eliot Glacier, Mount Hood, Oregon, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46: 222 226.

Barrett, J. E., Virginia, R. A., Lyons, W. B., Diane M. McKnight, Priscu, J. C., Doran, P. T., Andrew G. Fountain, Wall, D. H., Moorhead, D. L. 2007: Biogeochemical stoichiometry of Antarctic Dry Valley ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research—Biogeosciences, 112(G1): G01010. DOI: 10.1029/2005JG000141

Zemp, M., Haeberli, W., Bajracharya, S., Chinn, T. J., Andrew G. Fountain, Hagen, J. O., Huggel, C., Kb, A., Kaltenborn, B. P., Karki, M., Kaser, G., Kotlyakov, V. M., Lambrechts, C., Li, Z. Q., Molnia, B. F., Mool, P., Nellemann, C., Novikov, V., Osipova, G. B., Rivera, A., Shrestha, B., Svoboda, F., Tsvetkov D. G., Yao, T. D. 2007: Glaciers and ice caps.Part I: Global overview and outlook. Part II: Glacier changes around the world. In UNEP: Global outlook for ice & snow. Arendal, Norway: UNEP/GRID, 115 152.

Bagshaw, E. A., Tranter, M., Andrew G. Fountain, Welch, K. A., Basagic, H., Lyons, W. B. 2007: Biogeochemical evolution of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 112G04S35. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000442

Harris, K. J., Carey, A. E., Lyons, W. B., Welch, K. A., Andrew G. Fountain 2007: Solute and isotope geochemistry of subsurface ice melt seeps in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 119(5-6): 548 555.

Hoffman, M. J., Andrew G. Fountain, Achuff, J. M. 2007: Twentieth-century variations in area of cirque glaciers and glacierets, Rocky Mountain National Park, Rocky Mountains, Colorado, USA. Annals of Glaciology, 46: 349 354. (

Gooseff, M. N., Lyons, W. B., Diane M. McKnightBruce H. VaughnAndrew G. Fountain, Dowling, C. 2006: A stable isotopic investigation of a polar desert hydrologic system, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 38 (1): 60 71.

Granshaw, F. D., Andrew G. Fountain 2006: Glacier change (1958 1998) in the North Cascades National Park Complex, Washington, USA. Journal of Glaciology, 52 (177): 251 256.

Doran, P. T., Priscu, J. C., Lyons, W. B., Walsh, J. E., Andrew G. FountainDiane M. McKnight, Moorhead, D. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Gary Clow, Fritsen, C. H., McKay, C. P., Parsons, A. N. 2005: Comment on "El Nino suppresses Antarctic warming" by N. Bertler et al. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(7): L07706.

Ebnet, A. F., Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Diane M. McKnight,  2005: A temperature-index model of stream flow at below-freezing temperatures in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 76 82.

Andrew G. Fountain, Jacobel, R. W., Schlichting, R., Jansson, P. 2005: Fractures as the main pathways of water flow in temperate glaciers. Nature, 433 (7026): 618 621.

Andrew G. Fountain, Schlichting, R. B., Jansson, P., Jacobel, R. W. 2005: Observations of englacial water passages: A fracture-dominated system. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 25 30.

Johnston, R. R., Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H. 2005: The origin of channels on lower Taylor Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, and their implication for water runoff. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 1 7.

Lyons, W. B., Welch, K. A., Carey, A. E., Doran, P. T., Wall, D. H., Virginia, R. A., Andrew G. Fountain, Csatho, B. M., Tremper, C. M. 2005: Groundwater seeps in Taylor Valley Antarctica: An example of a subsurface melt event. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 200 206.

Tranter, M., Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W. B., Nylen, T. H., Welch, K. A. 2005: The chemical composition of runoff from Canada Glacier, Antarctica: Implications for glacier hydrology during a cool summer. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 15 19.

Bruce H. VaughnAndrew G. Fountain 2005: Stable isotopes and electrical conductivity as keys to understanding water pathways and storage in South Cascade Glacier, Washington. Annals of Glaciology, 40: 107 112.

Nylen, T. H., Andrew G. Fountain, Doran, P. T. 2004: Climatology of katabatic winds in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109(D3): D03114. DOI: 10.1029/2003JD003937

Bishop, M. P., Olsenholler, J. A., Shroder, J. F., Barry, R. G., Raup, B. H., Bush, A. B. G., Copland, L., Dwyer J. L., Andrew G. Fountain, Haeberli, W., Kääb, A., Paul, F., Hall, D.K., Kargel, J. S., Molnia, B. F., Trabant, D. C., Wessels, R. 2004: Global land ice measurements from space (GLIMS): Remote sensing and GIS investigations of the earth's cryosphere. Geocarto International, 19(2): 57-84.

Tranter, M., Andrew G. Fountain, Fritsen, C. H., Lyons, W. B., Priscu, J. C., Statham, P. J., Welch, K. A. 2004: Extreme hydrochemical conditions in natural microcosms entombed within Antarctic ice. Hydrological Processes, 18(2): 379-387.

Andrew G. Fountain, Tranter, M., Nylen, T. H., Lewis, K. J., Mueller, D. R. 2004: Evolution of cryoconite holes and their contribution to meltwater runoff from glaciers in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 50(168): 35-45.

Porazinska, D. L., Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Tranter, M., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H. 2004: The biodiversity and biogeochemistry of cryoconite holes from McMurdo Dry Valley glaciers, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 36(1): 84-91.

Andrew G. Fountain 2004: Glacier caves. In Culver, D.C. and White, W.B. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Caves. New York: Academic Press, 271-275.

Leonard, K. C., Andrew G. Fountain 2003: Map-based methods for estimating glacier equilibrium-line altitudes. Journal of Glaciology, 49(166): 329-336.

Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W. B. 2003: Century to millennial scale climate change and ecosystem response in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. In Greenland, D., Goodin, D.G., and Smith, R.C. (eds.), Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 319-340.

Gooseff, M. N., Barrett, J. E., Doran, P. T., Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W. B., Parsons, A. N., Porazinska, D. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H. 2003: Snow-patch influence on soil biogeochemical processes and invertebrate distribution in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35(1): 91-99.

Welch, K. A., Lyons, B. W., Diane M. McKnight, , Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Doran, P. T., Howard-Williams, C. 2003: Climate and hydrologic variations and implications for lake and stream ecological response in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In Greenland, D., Goodin, D. G., and Smith, R. C. (eds.), Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response at Long-Term Ecological Research Sites. New York: Oxford University Press: 174-195.

MacClune, K. L., Andrew G. Fountain, Kargel, J. S., MacAyeal, D. R. 2003: Glaciers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys: Terrestrial analog for Martian polar sublimation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets, 108(E4): article 5031. DOI: 10.1029/2002JE001878

Walsh, J. E., Doran, P. T., Priscu, J. C., Lyons, W. B., Andrew G. FountainDiane M. McKnight, Moorhead, D. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Gary Clow, Fritsen, C. H., McKay, C. P., Parsons, A. N. 2002: Climate change: Recent temperature trends in the Antarctic. Nature, 418, 292. DOI: 10.1038/418292a

Doran, P. T., McKay, C. P., Gary Clow, Dana, G. L., Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T., Lyons, W. B. 2002: Valley floor climate observations from the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1986-2000. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres, 107(D24): ACL 13-1–ACL 13-12. DOI: 10.1029/2001JD002045

Doran, P. T., Priscu, J. C., Lyons, W. B., Walsh, J. E., Andrew G. FountainDiane M. McKnight, Moorhead, D. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Gary Clow, Fritsen, C. H., McKay, C. P., Parsons, A. N. 2002: Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response. Nature, 415(6871): 517-520. DOI: 10.1038/nature710

Andrew G. Fountain, Dyurgerov, M. 2000: Variability of winter mass balance of Northern Hemisphere glaciers and relations with atmospheric circulation. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 32:64-72

Lewis, K.J., Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L. 1999: Surface energy balance and meltwater production for a Dry Valley glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 27:603-609

Lewis, K.J., Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L. 1999: How important is terminus cliff melt?: a study of the Canada Glacier terminus, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change 22:105-115

Andrew G. Fountain, Jansson, P., Kaser, G., Dyurgerov, M.B. 1999: Summary of the workshop on methods of mass balance measurements and modeling, Tarfala, Sweden, August 10-12, 1998. Geografiska Annaler 81A(4):461-465

Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W.B., Burkins, M.B., Dana, G.L., Doran, P.T., Lewis, K.J., Diane M. McKnight, Moorhead, D.L., Parsons, A.N., Priscu, J.C., Wall, D.H., Wharton, R.A., Jr., Virginia, R.A. 1999: Physical controls on the Taylor Valley Ecosystem, Antarctica . Bioscience, 49:961-971

Moorhead, D.L., Doran, P.T., Andrew G. Fountain, Lyons, W.B., Diane M. McKnight, Priscu, J.C., Virginia, R.A., Wall, D.H. 1999: Ecological legacies: impacts on ecosystems of the McMurdo Dry Valleys . Bioscience 49:1009-1019

Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L., Lewis, K.J., Bruce H. VaughnDiane M. McKnight 1998: Glaciers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica . In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 65-76

Conovitz, P.A., Diane M. McKnight, MacDonald, L.H., Andrew G. Fountain, House, H.R. 1998: Hydrologic processes influencing streamflow variation in Fryxell Basin, Antarctica. In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 93-108

Lewis, K.J., Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L. 1998: Surface energy balance and meltwater production for a Dry Valley glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 27:603-609

Andrew G. Fountain 1996: The effect of Mark Meier on tidewater glaciers. In: Colbeck, S.C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. vi-vii.

Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L., Lewis, K.J. 1996: Mass balance of the glaciers in Taylor Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In: Colbeck, S.C., ed., Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: a tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 28-29

Andrew G. FountainBruce H. Vaughn 1995: Changing drainage patterns within South Cascade Glacier, Washington, USA. In Tonnessen, K. A., Williams, M. W., and Tranter, M. (eds.), Biogeochemistry of seasonally snow-covered catchments. IAHS Publication no. 228, pp. 379-386.