Research Publications

Publications by Noah P. Molotch

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Thomas, B. F., Famiglietti, J. S., Landerer, F. W., Wiese, D. N., Noah P. Molotch, Argus, D. F. 2017: GRACE Groundwater Drought Index: Evaluation of California Central Valley groundwater drought. Remote Sensing of Environment, 198: 384-392. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.026

Fyfe, J. C., Derksen, C., Mudryk, L., Flato, G. M., Santer, B. D., Swart, N. C., Noah P. Molotch, Zhang, X., Wan, H., Arora, V. K., Scinocca, J., Jiao, Y. 2017: Large near-term projected snowpack loss over the western United States. Nature Communications, 8: article 14996. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14996

Hallar, A. G., Noah P. Molotch, Hand, J. L., Livneh, B., McCubbin, I. B., Petersen, R., Michalsky, J., Lowenthal, D., Kunkel, K. E. 2017: Impacts of increasing aridity and wildfires on aerosol loading in the intermountain western US. Environmental Research Letters, 12(1): article 014006. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa510a

Noah P. MolotchDavid M. Barnard, Burns, S. P., Painter, T. H. 2016: Measuring spatiotemporal variation in snow optical grain size under a subalpine forest canopy using contact spectroscopy. Water Resources Research, 52(9): 7513-7522. DOI: 10.1002/2016WR018954

Seidel, F. C., Rittger, K., Skiles, S. M., Noah P. Molotch, Painter, T. H. 2016: Case study of spatial and temporal variability of snow cover, grain size, albedo and radiative forcing in the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountain snowpack derived from imaging spectroscopy. The Cryosphere, 10(3): 1229-1244. DOI: 10.5194/tc-10-1229-2016

Cornwell, E. N., Noah P. Molotch, McPhee, J. 2016: Spatio-temporal variability of snow water equivalent in the extra-tropical Andes cordillera from distributed energy balance modeling and remotely sensed snow cover. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20: 411-430. DOI: 10.5194/hess-20-411-2016

Foster, L. M., Bearup, L. A., Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks, Maxwell, R. M. 2016: Energy budget increases reduce mean streamflow more than snow–rain transitions: Using integrated modeling to isolate climate change impacts on Rocky Mountain hydrology. Environmental Research Letters, 11(4): article 044015. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044015

Adrian Harpold, Marshall, J. A., Lyon, S. W., Theo Barnhart, Fisher, B., Donovan, M., Brubaker, K. M., Crosby, C. J., Glenn, N. F., Glennie, C. L., Kirchner, P. B., Lam, N., Mankoff, K. D., McCreight, J. L., Noah P. Molotch, Musselman, K. N., Pelletier, J., Russo, T., Sangireddy, H., Sjöberg, Y., Swetnam, T., West, N. 2015: Laser vision: Lidar as a transformative tool to advance critical zone science. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19: 2881-2897. DOI: 10.5194/hess-19-2881-2015

Noah P. Molotch, Durand, M. T., Guan, B., Margulis, S. A., Davis, R. E. 2015: Snow cover depletion curves and snow water equivalent reconstruction: Six decades of hydrologic remote sensing applications. In Lakshmi, V., et al. (eds.), Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle. AGU Monograph. Wiley, 159-174. ISBN 9781118872031

Vander Jagt, B. J., Durand, M. T., Margulis, S. A., Kim, E. J., Noah P. Molotch 2015: On the characterization of vegetation transmissivity using LAI for application in passive microwave remote sensing of snowpack. Sensing of Environment, 156: 310-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.09.001

Ralph, F. M., Dettinger, M., White, A., Reynolds, D., Cayan, D., Schneider, T., Cifelli, R., Redmond, K., Anderson, M., Gherke, F., Jones, J., Mahoney, K., Gutman, S., Chandresekar, V., Lundquist, J., Noah P. Molotch, Brekke, L., Pulwarty, R., Horel, J., Schick, L., Edman, A., Mote, P., Abatzoglou, J., Pierce, R., Wick, G. 2014: A vision for future observations for Western U.S. extreme precipitation and flooding. Journal of Contemporary Water Research & Education, 153(1): 16-32. DOI: 10.1111/j.1936-704X.2014.03176.x

Livneh, B., Deems, J. S., Dominik Schneider, Barsugli, J., Noah P. Molotch 2014: Filling in the gaps: Inferring spatially distributed precipitation from gauge observations over complex terrain. Water Resources Research, 50(11): 8589-8610. DOI: 10.1002/2014WR015442

Kirchner, P. B., Bales, R. C., Noah P. Molotch, Flanagan, J., Guo, Q. 2014: LiDAR measurement of seasonal snow accumulation along an elevation gradient in the southern Sierra Nevada, California. Hydrology and Earth System Science, 18, 4261-4275. DOI: 10.5194/hess-18-4261-2014

Adrian Harpold, Guo, Q., Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks, Bales, R., Fernandez-Diaz, J. C., Musselman, K. N., Swetnam, T., Kirchner, P., Meadows, M. W., Flanagan, J., Lucas, R. 2014: LiDAR-derived snowpack data sets from mixed conifer forests across the Western United States. Water Resources Research, 50(3): 2749-2755. DOI: 10.1002/2013WR013935

Guan, B., Noah P. Molotch, Waliser, D. E., Fetzer, E. J., Neiman, P. J. 2013: The 2010/2011 snow season in California's Sierra Nevada: Role of atmospheric rivers and modes of large-scale variability. Water Resources Research, 49(10): 6731-6743. DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20537

Guan, B., Noah P. Molotch, Waliser, D. E., Jepsen, S. M., Painter, T. H., Dozier, J. 2013: Snow water equivalent in the Sierra Nevada: Blending snow sensor observations with snowmelt model simulations. Water Resources Research, 49(8): 5029-5046. DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20387

Musselman, K. N., Margulis, S. A., Noah P. Molotch 2013: Estimation of solar direct beam transmittance of conifer canopies from airborne LiDAR. Remote Sensing of Environment, 136: 402-415. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.05.021

Meromy, L., Noah P. Molotch, Link, T. E., Fassnacht, S. R., Rice, R. 2013: Subgrid variability of snow water equivalent at operational snow stations in the Western United States. Hydrological Processes, 27(17): 2383-2400. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.9355

Mahat, V., Tarboton, D. G., Noah P. Molotch 2013: Testing above- and below-canopy representations of turbulent fluxes in an energy balance snowmelt model. Water Resources Research, 49(2): 1107-1122. DOI: 10.1002/wrcr.20073

Vander Jagt, B., Durand, M. T., Margulis, S. A., Kim, E. J., Noah P. Molotch 2013: The effect of spatial variability on the sensitivity of passive microwave measurements to snow water equivalent. Remote Sensing of Environment, 136: 163-179. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2013.05.002

Musselman, K. N., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A., Lehning, M., Gustafson, D. 2012: Improved snowmelt simulations with a canopy model forced with photo-derived direct beam canopy transmissivity. Water Resources Research, 48(10): W10509. DOI: 10.1029/2012WR012285

Jepsen, S. M., Noah P. MolotchMark Williams, Rittger, K. E., Sickman, J. O. 2012: Interannual variability of snowmelt in the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains, United States: Examples from two alpine watersheds. Water Resources Research, 48: W02529. DOI: 10.1029/2011WR011006

Musselman, K. N., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A., Kirchner, P. B., Bales, R. C. 2012: Influence of canopy structure and direct beam solar irradiance on snowmelt rates in a mixed conifer forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 161: 46-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.03.011

Guan, B., Waliser, D. E., Noah P. Molotch, Fetzer, E. J., Neiman, P. J. 2012: Does the Madden-Julian Oscillation influence wintertime atmospheric rivers and snowpack in the Sierra Nevada?. Monthly Weather Review, 140(2): 325-342. DOI: 10.1175/MWR-D-11-00087.1

Noah P. Molotch, Link, T. E., Blanken, T. E. 2011: Snow: Hydrological and ecological feedbacks in forests. In Levia, D. F., Carlyle-Moses, D. E., and Tanaka, T. (eds.), Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions. Vol. 216 of Ecological Studies Series. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 541-555. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-1363-5

Durand, M., Kim, E. J., Margulis, S. A., Noah P. Molotch 2011: A first-order characterization of errors from neglecting stratigraphy in forward and inverse passive microwave modeling of snow. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 8(4): 730-734. DOI: 10.1109/LGRS.2011.2105243

Njoku, E. G., Moghaddam, M., Moller, D., Noah P. Molotch 2010: Microwave remote sensing for land hydrology research and applications: Introduction to the special issue. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 3(1): 3-5. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2010.2042748

Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A., Jepsen, S. M. 2010: Response to comment by A. G. Slater, M. P. Clark, and A. P. Barrett on Estimating the distribution of snow water equivalent using remotely sensed snow cover data and a spatially distributed snowmelt model: a multi-resolution, multi-sensor comparison [[Adv. Water Resour. 31 (2008) 1503 1514]. Adv Water Resour 2009; 32(11): 1680 4]. Advances in Water Resources, 33(2): 231-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2009.11.008

Gustafson, J. R., Paul BrooksNoah P. Molotch, Veatch, W. C. 2010: Estimating snow sublimation using natural chemical and isotopic tracers across a gradient of solar radiation. Water Resources Research, 46: W12511. DOI: 10.1029/2009WR009060

Guan, B., Noah P. Molotch, Waliser, D. E., Fetzer, E. J., Neiman, P. J. 2010: Extreme snowfall events linked to atmospheric rivers and surface air temperature via satellite measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 37: L20401, DOI: 10.1029/2010GL044696

Noah P. Molotch 2009: Reconstructing snow water equivalent in the Rio Grande headwaters using remotely sensed snow cover data and a spatially distributed snowmelt model. Hydrological Processes, 23(7): 1076-1089. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7206

Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks, Burns, S. P., Litvak, M., Monson, R. K., McConnell, J. R., Musselman, K. 2009: Ecohydrological controls on snowmelt partitioning in mixed-conifer sub-alpine forests. Ecohydrology, 2(2): 129-142. DOI: 10.1002/eco.48

Fenn, M. E., Sickman, J. O., Bytnerowicz, A., Clow, D. W., Noah P. Molotch, Pleim, J. E., Tonnesen, G. S., Weathers, K. C., Padgett, P. E., Campbell, D. H. 2009: Methods for measuring atmospheric nitrogen deposition inputs in arid and montane ecosystems of western North America. In Legge, A. H. (ed.), Developments in Environmental Science, Vol. 9: Relating Atmospheric Source Apportionment to Vegetation Effects: Establishing Cause Effect Relationships. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 179-228.

Veatch, W., Paul Brooks, Gustafson, J. R., Noah P. Molotch 2009: Quantifying the effects of forest canopy cover on net snow accumulation at a continental, mid-latitude site. Ecohydrology, 2(2): 115-128. DOI: 10.1002/eco.45

Durand, M., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: Merging complementary remote sensing datasets in the context of snow water equivalent reconstruction. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112(3): 1212-1225. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2007.08.010

Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: Estimating the distribution of snow water equivalent using remotely sensed snow cover data and a spatially distributed snowmelt model: A multi-resolution, multi-sensor comparison. Advances in Water Resources, 31(11): 1503-1514. DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2008.07.017

Durand, M., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: A Bayesian approach to snow water equivalent reconstruction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113: D20117. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009894

Lyons, S., Troch, P. A., Broxton, P., Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks 2008: Monitoring the timing of snowmelt and the initiation of streamflow using a distributed network of temperature/light sensors. Ecohydrology, 1(3): 215-224. DOI: 10.1002/eco.18

Musselman, K. N., Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks 2008: Effects of vegetation on snow accumulation and ablation in a mid-latitude sub-alpine forest. Hydrological Processes, 22(15): 2767-2776. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7050

Noah P. Molotch, Meixner, T., Mark Williams 2008: Estimating stream chemistry during the snowmelt pulse using a spatially distributed, coupled snowmelt and hydrochemical modeling approach. Water Resources Research, 44: W11429. DOI: 10.1029/2007WR006587

Noah P. Molotch, Blanken, P. D., Mark Williams, Turnipseed, A., Monson, R., Margulis, S. 2007: Estimating sublimation of intercepted and sub-canopy snow using eddy covariance systems. Hydrologic Processes, 21(12): 1567 1575. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6719

Noah P. Molotch, Bales, R. C. 2006: SNOTEL representativeness in the Rio Grande headwaters on the basis of physiographics and remotely sensed snow cover persistence. Hydrological Processes, 20(4): 723-739. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6128

Noah P. Molotch, Bales, R. C. 2006: Comparison of ground-based and airborne snow-surface albedo parameterizations in an alpine watershed: impact on snowpack mass balance. Water Resources Research, 42: W05410. DOI: 10.1029/2005WR004522

Bales, R. C., Noah P. Molotch, Painter, T. H., Dettinger, M., Rice, R., Dozier, J. 2006: Mountain hydrology of the Western United States. Water Resources Research, 42: W08432. DOI: 10.1029/2005WR004387

Noah P. Molotch, Colee, M. T., Bales, R. C., Dozier, J. 2005: Estimating the spatial distribution of snow water equivalent in an alpine basin using binary regression tree models: The impact of digital elevation data and independent variable selection. Hydrological Processes, 19(7): 1459-1479. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.5586

Noah P. Molotch, Bales, R. C. 2005: Scaling snow observations from the point to the grid-element: Implications for observation network design. Water Resources Research, 41: W11421. DOI: 10.1029/2005WR004229

Noah P. Molotch, Fassnacht, S. R., Bales, R. C., Helfrich, S. R. 2004: Estimating the distribution of snow water equivalent and snow extent beneath cloud-cover in the Salt-Verde River basin, Arizona. Hydrological Processes, 18(9): 1595-1611. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.1408

Noah P. Molotch, Painter, T. H., Bales, R. C., Dozier, J. 2004: Incorporating remotely sensed snow albedo into a spatially distributed snowmelt model. Geophysical Research Letters, 31: L03501. DOI: 10.1029/2003GL019063