Research Publications

Publications From 1993

Anderson, D. M., Prell, W. L. 1993: A 300 kyr record of upwelling off Oman during the Late Quaternary: Evidence of the Asian southwest monsoon. Paleoceanography, 8(2): 193-208. DOI: 10.1029/93PA00256

Fowler, A. C., Noon, C. G., Krantz, W. B. 1993: A computationally feasible reduction of the O'Neill-Miller model of secondary frost heave. International Conference of Permafrost, Beijing, China, 6th, 5-9 July 1993. Proceedings. Guangshou, China: South China University of Technology Press, 2 vol., pp. 1100-1104.

Herzfeld, U. C. 1993: A method for seafloor classification using directional variograms, demonstrated for data from the Western Flank of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Mathematical Geology, 25(7): 901-924.

Lewis, G. C., Krantz, W. B., T. Nelson Caine 1993: A model for the initiation of patterned ground owing to differential secondary frost heave. International Conference of Permafrost, Beijing, China, 6th, 5-9 July 1993. Proceedings. Guangshou, China: South China University of Technology Press, 2 vol., pp. 1044-1049.

Lewis, B. E., Price, E. T., Walker, D. A. 1993: A snow fence experiment to examine long-term ecosystem response to altered snow regimes in the Colorado alpine. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 74(2): 328-329.

Kaufman, D. S., Gifford H. Miller, Stravers, J. A., John T. Andrews 1993: Abrupt early Holocene (9.9-9.6 ka) ice-stream advance at the mouth of Hudson Strait, Arctic Canada. Geology, 21: 1063-1066.

Alley, R. B., Meese, D., Shuman, C. A., Gow, A. F., Taylor, K., Ram, N., Waddington, E. D., James W. C. White, Mayewski, P. A. 1993: Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event. Nature, 362(6420): 527-529. DOI: 10.1038/362527a0

Nelson, A. R., Anne Jennings, Kashima, K. 1993: An earthquake history derived from stratigraphic and microfossil evidence of relative sea-level change at Coos Bay, southern coastal Oregon. GSA Bulletin, 108: 141-154.

Reichman, O. J., Bendix, Jr., J. H., Tim Seastedt 1993: Animal generated disturbances and size hierarchies in a tallgrass prairie plant community. Ecology, 74: 1281-1285.

Forman, S. L., Scott J. Lehman, Briggs, W. M. 1993: Assessing the completeness of the deglacial-marine stratigraphic record on west Spitsbergen by accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating. Boreas, 22: 1-6.

Alan Fried, Klinger, L., Erickson, D. J. 1993: Atmospheric carbonyl sulfide exchange in bog microcosms. Geophysical Research Letters, 20: 129-132.

Herzfeld, U. C. 1993: Bering Glacier surge and iceberg-calving mechanism at Vitus Lake, Alaska, U.S.A. Journal of Glaciology, 39(133): 722-727.

Webb, R. S., Overpeck, J. T. 1993: Carbon reserves released?. Nature, 361(6412): 497-498. DOI: 10.1038/361497a0

John T. Andrews 1993: Changes in the silt- and clay-size mineralogy of sediments at Ocean Drilling Program site 645B, Baffin Bay. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 30: 2448-2452.

Gifford H. Miller 1993: Chronology of hominid occupation at Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara East, based on the epimerization of isoleucine in ostrich eggshells. In Close, A. E. and Wendorf, F. (eds.), Egypt during the last Interglacial: The Middle Paleolithic of Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara East. New York: Plenum, pp. 210-217.

Webb, T., III, Ruddiman, W. F., Street-Perrott, F. A., Vera Markgraf, Kutzbach, J. E., Bartlein, P. J., Wright, H. E., Jr., Prell, W. L. 1993: Climatic changes during the past 18,000 years: Regional syntheses, mechanisms, and causes. In Wright, H. E., Jr., Kutzbach, J. E., Webb, T., III, Ruddiman, W. F., Street-Perrott, F. A., and Bartlein, P.J. (eds.), Global Climates Since the Last Glacial Maximum. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 514-535.

Vera Markgraf 1993: Climatic history of Central and South America since 18,000 yr B.P.: Comparison of pollen records and model simulations. In Wright, H. E., Jr., Kutzbach, J. E., Webb, T., III, Ruddiman, W. F., Street-Perrott, F. A., and Bartlein, P. J. (eds.), Global Climates Since the Last Glacial Maximum. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 357-387.

Yamaguchi, D. K., Grissino-Mayer, H. D. 1993: Comment on 'Resolving volcanic activity of 20 ma ago with relative accuracy of 1 yr from tree rings of petrified wood'. Geophysical Research Letters, 20(20): 2279-2280, article 93GL02132. DOI: 10.1029/93GL02132

Grootes, P. M., Stuiver, M., James W. C. White, Johnsen, S. J., Jouzel, J. 1993: Comparison of oxygen isotope records from the GISP2 and GRIP Greenland ice cores. Nature, 366(6455): 552-554. DOI: 10.1038/366552a0

Davis, J. C., Herzfeld, U. C. 1993: Computers in geology: 25 years of progress. New York: Oxford University Press, 298 pp.

Tim Seastedt, Knapp, A. K. 1993: Consequences of non-equilibrium resource availability across multiple time scales: The transient maxima hypothesis. American Naturalist, 141: 621-633.

Bill Bowman, Theodose, T. A., Schardt, J. C., Conant, R. T. 1993: Constraints of nutrient availability on primary production in two alpine tundra communities. Ecology, 74(7): 2085-2097.

Beaumont, P. B., Gifford H. Miller, Vogel, J. C. 1993: Contemplating old clues to the impact of future greenhouse climates in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 88: 490-498.

Dunbar R.B., Cole J. E., organizers 1993: Coral records of ocean-atmosphere variability: Report from the Workshop on Coral Paleoclimate Reconstruction, November 5-8, 1992, Pa Parguera, Puerto Rico. Workshop on Coral Paleoclimate Reconstruction (1992: La Parguera, Puerto Rico). [Boulder, Colo.]: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. NOAA Climate and Global Change Program special report 10.

John T. Andrews 1993: Coreseg: A program for the detection of changes (i.e. definition of segments) in a down-core property. INQUA Commission for the Study of the Holocene Working Group on Data-Handling Methods, Newsletter, 10(July 10): 8-11.

Bales, R., Mark Williams, Wolford, R. 1993: Discussion of "Acidification Potential of Snowpack in Sierra Nevada" by Carl W. Chen, Luis E. Gomez, and Lanny J. Lund (July/August 1991, Vol. 117, No. 4). Journal of Environmental Engineering, 119(2): 399-401.

Ryan, S., T. Nelson Caine 1993: Effects of flow diversion on downstream channel form in mountain streams. Colorado Water Resources Research Institute Report no. 176, 58 pp.

Duguay, C. R., Walker, D. A. 1993: Environmental modeling and monitoring at the Niwot LTER site: An overview of of recent research activities using GIS. Second International Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling, Breckenridge, Colorado, September 1993.

Stone, D. B., Clarke, G. K. C. 1993: Estimation of subglacial hydraulic properties from induced changes in basal water pressure: A theoretical framework for borehole-response tests. Journal of Glaciology, 39(132): 327-340.

Bradley, R., Bard, E., Joussaume, S., Lautenschlager, M., Molfino, B., Rashke, R., Shackleton, N., Serocko, F., Stauffer, B., James W. C. White 1993: Evaluating strategies for reconstructing global changes: What and where are the gaps?. In Eddy, J. A. and Oeschger, H. (eds.), Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past: Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past, Berlin 1991, December 8-13. New York: Wiley.

Neff, J. C., Bill Bowman, Holland, E. A., Fisk, M. C., Schmidt, S. K. 1993: Fluxes of nitrous oxide and methane from nitrogen amended soils in the Colorado alpine. Biogeochemistry, 27(1): 23-33.

Yamaguchi, D. K. 1993: Forest history, Mount St. Helens. National Geographic Research and Exploration, 9(3): 294-325.

Herzfeld, U. C., Kim, I. I., Orcutt, J. A., Fox, C. G. 1993: Fractal geometry and seafloor topography: Theoretical concepts versus data analysis for the Juan de Fuca Ridge and the East Pacific Rise. Annales Geophysicae, 11: 532-541.

Davis, J. C., Herzfeld, U. C. 1993: Fractals in geosciences: Challenges and concerns. In Davis, J. C. and Herzfeld. U. C. (eds.), Computers in Geology: 25 Years of Progress. New York: Oxford University Press, 217-230.

Mark Williams, Brown, A. D., Melack, J. M. 1993: Geochemical and hydrologic controls on the composition of surface water in a high-elevation basin, Sierra Nevada, California. Limnology and Oceanography, 38(4): 775-797.

Herzfeld, U. C., Lingle, C. S., Lee, L.-H. 1993: Geostatistical evaluation of satellite radar altimetry for high-resolution mapping of Lambert Glacier, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 17: 77-85.

Robert S. Anderson, Bunas, K. L. 1993: Grain size segregation and stratigraphy in aeolian ripples modelled with a cellular automaton. Nature, 365: 740-743. DOI: 10.1038/365740a0

Haff, P. K., Robert S. Anderson 1993: Grain-scale simulations of loose sedimentary beds: The example of grain-bed impacts in aeolian saltation. Sedimentology, 40: 175-189.

John T. Andrews, Tedesco, K., Anne Jennings 1993: Heinrich Events: Chronology and processes, east-central Laurentide Ice Sheet and NW Labrador Sea. In Peltier, W. R. (ed.), Ice in the Climate System. NATO ASI Series I, vol. 12. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 167-186.

Dyer, M. I., Turner, C. L., Tim Seastedt 1993: Herbivory and its consequences. Ecological Applications, 3: 10-16. DOI: 10.2307/1941781

Walker, D. A., Krantz, W. B., Lewis, B. E., Price, E. T., Tabler, R. D. 1993: Hierarchic studies of snow-ecosystem interactions: A 100-year snow-alteration experiment. Proceedings of the sixty-first annual Western Snow Conference, June 8-10, 1993, Quebec City, Quebec, pp. 407-414.

Halfpenny, J. C. 1993: How animals survive winter in Yellowstone: Only the tough survive. Ranger Rick, National Wildlife Federation, December 1993, pp. 24-31.

Peltier, W. R. 1993: How can we use paleodata for evaluating the internal variability and feed backs in the climate system?. In Eddy, J. A. and Oeschger, H. (eds.), Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past. New York: J. Wiley and Sons, 239-262.

James W. C. White, Molfino, B., Labeyrie, L., Stauffer, B., Farquhar, G. 1993: How reliable and consistent are paleodata from continents, oceans, and ice?. In Eddy, J. and Oeschger, H. (eds.), Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past. New York: Wiley.

Williams, K. M. 1993: Ice sheet and ocean interactions, margin of the East Greenland Ice Sheet (14 Ka to present): Diatom evidence. Paleoceanography, 8(1): 69-83.

Meier, M. F. 1993: Ice, climate, and sea level: Do we know what is happening?. In Peltier, W. R. (ed.), Ice in the Climate System, NATO ASI Series I, vol. 12. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 141-160.

Clark, P. U., Clague, J. J., Curry, B. B., Dreimanis, A., Hicock, S. R., Gifford H. Miller, Berger, G. W., Eyles, N., Lamothe, M., Miller, B. B., Mott, R. J., Oldale, R. M., Stea, R. R., Szabo, J. P., Thorleifson, L. H., Vincent, J.-S. 1993: Initiation and development of the Laurentide and Cordilleran ice sheets following the last interglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12: 79-114.

Andrews, M. 1993: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Reading Room. In Environmental Collections, D.O. Carle, guest editor. Colorado Libraries, 19(4): 18-19.

Stone, D. B., Clarke, G. K. C., Blake, E. W. 1993: Instruments and methods: Subglacial measurement of turbidity and electrical conductivity. Journal of Glaciology, 39(132): 415-420.

Merriam, D. F., Herzfeld, U. C., Forster, A. 1993: Integration of geophysical data for basin analysis. 3rd International Congress of the Brazilian Geophysical Society, expanded abstracts, volume II.

Shane, L. C. K., Anderson, K. 1993: Intensity, gradients, and reversals in Late Glacial environmental change in east-central North America. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12: 307-320.

T. Nelson Caine 1993: Is the maximum slope of granular assemblies comparable to the angle of shearing resistance? A comment. Transactions, Japanese Geomorphological Union, 14,423-14,425.

Cole, J. E., Rind, D., Fairbanks, R. G. 1993: Isotopic responses to interannual climate variability simulated by an atmospheric general circulation model. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12: 387-406.

Knapp, A. K., Fahnestock, J. T., Hamburg, S. J., Statland, L. J., Tim Seastedt, Schimel, D. 1993: Landscape patterns in soil-plant water relations, net photosynthesis, and primary production in tallgrass prairie. Ecology, 74: 549-560. DOI: 10.2307/1939315

Walker, D. A., Auerbach, N. A., Everett, K. R., Shippert, M. M., Walker, M. D. 1993: Large-scale disturbance features in northern Alaska affect regional carbon budgets. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 74(2): 475.

Anne Jennings, Williams, K. M., Licht, K. J., John T. Andrews 1993: Late glacial and Holocene history of the western Ross Sea: An initial survey of available cores. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 28(5): 91-93.

Kaufman, D. S., Gifford H. Miller, Stravers, J. A., William F. Manley, Duvall, M. L. 1993: Late glacial ice margins and deglacial chronology for southeastern Baffin Island and Hudson Strait, eastern Canadian Arctic: Reply. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 30: 1753-1758.

Short, S. K., John T. Andrews, Williams, K. M., Weiner, N. J., Scott Elias 1993: Late Quaternary marine and terrestrial environments, northwestern Baffin Island, Northwest Territories. Geographie physique et Quaternaire, 48: 85-95.

Walker, D. A., Halfpenny, J. C., Walker, M. D., Wessman, C. A. 1993: Long-term studies of snow-vegetation interactions. BioScience, 43(5): 287-301.

William F. Manley, MacLean, B., Kerwin, M. W., John T. Andrews 1993: Magnetic susceptibility as a Quaternary correlation tool: Examples from Hudson Strait sediment cores, eastern Canadian Arctic. In Current Research, Part D; Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 93-1D, p. 137-145.

John T. Andrews, Stravers, J. A. 1993: Magnetic susceptibility of late Quaternary marine sediments, Frobisher Bay, N.W.T.: An indicator of changes in provenance and processes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12: 157-167.

Alton C. Byers, Poudel, N., Sharma, B. K. 1993: Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area 1993-1994 Plan of Operation. Kathmandu: Makalu-Barun Conservation Project.

Gibson, D. J., Tim Seastedt, Briggs, J. M. 1993: Management practices in tallgrass prairie: Landscape and experimental effects on species composition. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30: 247-256. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4612-4018-1_12

Turner, C. L., Dyer, M. I., Tim Seastedt 1993: Maximization of foliage production in grasslands: The role of grazing frequency and intensity. Ecological Applications, 3: 175-186.

John T. Andrews, Dyke, A. S., Tedesco, K., James W. C. White 1993: Meltwater along the Arctic margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet (8-12 ka): Stable isotopic evidence and implications for past salinity anomalies. Geology, 21: 881-884.

Cohen, A. S., Halfpenny, J., Lockley, M., Michel, E. 1993: Modern vertebrate tracks from Lake Manyara, Tanzania and their paleobiological implications. Paleobiology, 19(4): 443-458.

Ricci, C. A., Herve, F., Krynauw, J. R., Wesley E. LeMasurier 1993: Naming of igneous and metamorphic rock units in Antarctica: Recommendation by the SCAR Working Group on Geology. Antarctic Science, 5(1): 103-104.

Parton, W. J., Scurlock, J. M. W., Ojima, D. S., Gilmanov, T. G., Scholes, R. J., , Kirchner, T., Menaut, J. C., Tim Seastedt, Garcia Moya, E., Kamnalrut, A., Kinyamario, J. I. 1993: Observations and modeling of biomass and soil organic matter dynamics for the grassland biome worldwide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7: 785-809.

Herzfeld, U. C., Berger, W. G. 1993: Ocean productivity and indicator variables: Map comparisons for the Atlantic and world oceans. S.I.O. Reference Series 93-7, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, 75 pp.

Herzfeld, U. C., Eriksson, M. G., Holmlund, P. 1993: On the influence of kriging parameters on the cartographic output: A study in mapping subglacial topography. Mathematical Geology, 25(7): 881-900.

Johnson, B. J., Fogel, M. L., Gifford H. Miller 1993: Paleoecological reconstructions in southern Egypt based on the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the organic fraction and stable carbon isotopes in individual amino acids of fossil ostrich eggshell. Chemical Geology, 107: 493-497.

Morgan, A. V., Kuc, M., John T. Andrews 1993: Paleoecology and age of the Flitaway and Isortoq interglacial deposits, north-central Baffin Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 30: 954-974.

Vera Markgraf 1993: Paleoenvironments and paleoclimates in Tierra del Fuego and southernmost Patagonia, South America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 102: 53-68.

Wharton, R. A., Jr., McKay, C. P., Gary Clow, Andersen, D. T. 1993: Perennial ice covers and their influence on Antarctic lake ecosystems. In Green, W. and Freidmann, E. I. (eds.), Lakes of the Dry Valleys. American Geophysical Union, Antarctic Research Series 59: 53-70.

Bill Bowman, Turner, L. 1993: Photosynthetic sensitivity to temperature in populations of two C4 Bouteloua (Poaceae) species native to different altitudes. American Journal of Botany, 80(4): 369-374.

Webb, R. S., Anderson, K., Webb, T., III 1993: Pollen response surface estimates of Late Quaternary changes in the moisture-balance in the northeastern United States. Quaternary Research, 40: 213-227.

Cole, J. E., Fairbanks, R. G., Shen, G. T. 1993: Recent variability in the Southern Oscillation: Isotopic results from a Tarawa atoll coral. Science, 260: 1790-1793.

Yamaguchi, D. K., Filion, L., Savage, M. 1993: Relationship of temperature and light ring formation at subarctic treeline and implications for climate reconstruction. Quaternary Research, 39: 256-262.

Hollin, J. T., Smith, F. L., Renouf, J. T., Jenkins, D. G. 1993: Sea-cave temperature measurements and amino acid geochronology of British Late Pleistocene sea stands. Journal of Quaternary Science, 8(4): 359-364.

Mark Williams 1993: Snowpack storage and release of nitrogen in the Emerald Lake Watershed, Sierra Nevada. Proceedings of the sixty-first annual Western Snow Conference, June 8-10, 1993, Quebec City, Quebec, pp. 239-245.

Kaufman, D. S., Carter, D. L., Gifford H. Miller, Farmer, G. L., Budd, D. A. 1993: Strontium isotopic composition of Pliocene and Pleistocene molluscs from emerged marine deposits, North American Arctic. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 30: 519-534.

Taylor, K. C., Lamorey, G. W., Doyle, G. A., Alley, R. B., Grootes, P. M., Mayewski, P. A., James W. C. White, Barlow, L. K. 1993: The "flickering switch" of late Pleistocene climate change. Nature, 361(6411): 432-436. DOI: 10.1038/361432a0

Barlow, L.K., James W. C. White, Barry, R. G., Rogers, J. C., Grootes, P. M. 1993: The North Atlantic oscillation signature in deuterium and deuterium excess signals in the Greenland Ice Sheet project 2 ice core, 1840-1970. Geophysical Research Letters, 20(24): 2901-2904.

Kenny, R. 1993: The only one they call the Grand: Grand Canyon Geology. Earth (May): 40-49.

Anne Jennings 1993: The Quaternary history of Cumberland Sound, southeastern Baffin Island: The marine evidence. Geographie Physique et Quaternaire, 47: 21-42.

Overpeck, J. T. 1993: The role and response of continental vegetation in the global climate system. In Eddy, J. A. and Oeschger, H. (eds.), Global Changes in the Perspective of the Past. New York: J. Wiley and Sons, pp. 221-238.

Bales, R. C., Davis, R. E., Mark Williams 1993: Tracer release in melting snow: Diurnal and seasonal patterns. Hydrological Processes, 7(4): 389-401. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.3360070405

Scott J. Lehman, Wright, D. G., Stocker, T. F. 1993: Transport of freshwater into the deep ocean by the conveyor. In Peltier, W. R. (ed.), NATO ASI Series I “Global Environmental Change,” v. 12 Ice in the Climate System, pp. 187-209.

Yamaguchi, D. K., Lawrence, D. B. 1993: Tree-ring evidence for 1842-1843 eruptive activity at the Goat Rocks dome, Mount St. Helens, Washington. Bulletin of Volcanology, 55: 264-272.

Yamaguchi, D. K. 1993: Tree-ring records of volcanic events in Kamchatka and elsewhere. Quaternary Research, 40: 262-263.

Alan Fried, Henry, B., Drummond, J. R. 1993: Tunable diode laser ratio measurements of atmospheric constituents by employing dual fitting analysis and jump scanning. Applied Optics, 32: 821-827.

Shojaie, S. S., Greenberg, A. R., Krantz, W. B. 1993: Use of an electric field to alter membrane morphology in a polysulfone-polyvinylpyrrolidone blend. Journal of Membrane Science, 79: 115-122.

Webb, T., III, Bartlein, P. J., Harrison, S. P., Anderson, K. 1993: Vegetation, lake levels, and climate in Eastern North America for the past 18,000 years. In Wright, H. E., Jr., Kutzbach, J. E., Webb, T., III, Ruddiman, W. F., Street-Perrott, F. A., and Bartlein, P. J. (eds.), Global Climates Since the Last Glacial Maximum. University of Minnesota Press, 415-467.

Sarah A. Spaulding, Ward, J. V., Baron, J. 1993: Winter phytoplankton dynamics in a sub-alpine lake, Colorado, USA. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 129(2): 179-198.

Webb, R. S., Overpeck, J. T., Anderson, D. M., Bauer, B. A., England, M. K., Gross, W. S., Meyers, E. A., Worobec, M. M. 1993: World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology at the NOAA Paleoclimatology program, Boulder, CO. Journal of Paleolimnology, 9(1): 69-75. DOI: 10.1007/BF00680037

Vera Markgraf 1993: Younger Dryas in southernmost South America: An update. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12: 351-355.