Research Publications

Publications From 1996

Cynthia Nevison, Esser, G., Holland, E. A. 1996: A global model of changing N2O emissions from natural and perturbed soils. Climatic Change, 32(3): 327-378. DOI: 10.1007/BF00142468

Walker, D. A. 1996: A hierarchic geographic information system for northern Alaska: Insights toward a circumpolar arctic vegetation map. In Walker, D. A. and Markon, C. A., eds. Circumpolar arctic vegetation mapping workshop: Abstracts and short papers. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report No. 96-251, pp. 100-112.

Wolfe, A. P. 1996: A high resolution late-glacial and early Holocene diatom record from Baffin Island, eastern Canadian Arctic. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33: 928-937.

Welch, B. C., W. Tad Pfeffer, Harper, J. T., Humphrey, N. F. 1996: A maximum resolution glacier-bed surface obtained by radio-echo sounding. In: Colbeck, S.C., ed., Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 105-110.

Pratson, L., Coakley, B. J. 1996: A model for the headward erosion of submarine canyons induced by downslope eroding sediment flows. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 108: 225-234.

Gary Clow, Saltus, R. W., Waddington, E. D. 1996: A new high-precision borehole temperature logging system used at GISP2, Greenland and Taylor Dome, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 42: 576-584.

Kerwin, M. W. 1996: A regional stratigraphic isochron (ca. 800 14C yr B.P.) from final deglaciation of Hudson Strait. Quaternary Research, 46: 89-98.

John T. Andrews, Osterman, L. E., Anne JenningsJaia SyvitskiGifford H. Miller, Weiner, N. 1996: Abrupt changes in marine conditions, Sunneshine Fiord, eastern Baffin Island, NWT during the last deglaciation transition: Younger Dryas and H-O events. In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., and Jennings, A. E. (eds.), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication no. 111: 11-27.

Gary Clow, Waddington, E. D. 1996: Acquisition of borehole temperature measurements from Taylor Dome and the Dry Valleys for paleoclimate reconstruction. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 31(2): 71-72.

Pratson, L. F., Edwards, M. 1996: Advances in seafloor mapping using side-scan sonar and multibeam bathymetry. Marine Geophysical Research, 18.

Chandler, K., Malcosky, N., Rob Motta, Norton, P., Kelly, K., Schumacher, L., Lyons, D. 1996: Alternative Fuel Transit Bus Evaluation Program results. Society of Automotive Engineers paper 961082. DOI: 10.4271/961082

Pratson, L. F., Edwards, M. 1996: An introduction to advances in seafloor mapping using side-scan sonar and multibeam bathymetry. In Pratson, L.F., and Edwards, M. (eds.), Advances in Seafloor Mapping using Side-scan Sonar and Multibeam Bathymetry. Marine Geophysical Research, 18: 601-605.

Losleben, M. 1996: Analysis of four decades of high elevation climate data. Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Pacific Climate Workshop. Technical Report 46 of the Interagency Ecological Program for the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary, April 1996.

Bahr, D. 1996: Analytical modeling of glacier dynamics. Mathematical Geology, 28: 229-251.

Krantz, W. B., Adams, K. E. 1996: Application of a fully predictive model for secondary frost heave. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28(3): 284-293.

Andrews, M., and other members of the U.S. Polar Information Working Group 1996: Arctic information and data: A guide to selected resources, second edition. The Arctic Research Consortium of the United States, 1996. 56 pp.

Walker, M. D. 1996: Arctic soils and permafrost: Introduction. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28: 254-256.

Walker, M. D., Salzberg, K. A. (eds.) 1996: Arctic soils and permafrost: Special issue in memory of Kaye R. Everett. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28(3): 251-400.

Detlev Helmig 1996: Artifact-free preparation, storage and analysis of solid adsorbent sampling cartridges used in the analysis of volatile organic compounds in air. Journal of Chromatography A, 732(2): 414-417. DOI: 10.1016/0021-9673(95)01376-8

Pratson, L., Ryan, W. B. F. 1996: Automated drainage extraction in mapping the Monterey submarine drainage system, California. In Pratson, L. F. and Edwards, M. (eds.), Advances in Seafloor Mapping using Side-Scan Sonar and Multibeam Bathymetry. Marine Geophysical Research, 18: 757-777.

Herzfeld, U. C., Higginson, C. A. 1996: Automated geostatistical seafloor classification: Principles, parameters, feature vectors, and discrimination criteria. Computers & Geosciences, 22: 35-52.

Walker, D. A. 1996: Background and goals of the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Mapping Workshop. In Walker, D. A. and Markon, C. A., eds. Circumpolar arctic vegetation mapping workshop: Abstracts and short papers. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report No. 96-251, pp. 3-6.

Burbank, D. W., Leland, J., Fielding, E., Robert S. Anderson, Brozovic, N., Duncan, C. 1996: Bedrock incision, uplift, and threshold hillslopes in the northwest Himalaya. Nature, 379: 505-510.

Buckland, P. C., Amorosi, T., Barlow, L. K., Dugmore, A. J., Mayewski, P. A., McGovern, T. H., Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, Sadler, J. P., Skidmore, P. 1996: Bioarchaeological and climatological evidence for the fate of Norse farmers in medieval Greenland. Antiquity, 70(267): 88-96.

Mark Williams, Losleben, M., T. Nelson Caine, Greenland, D. 1996: Changes in climate and hydrochemical responses in a high-elevation catchment, Rocky Mountains. Limnology and Oceanography, 41: 939-946.

Warrick, R. A., LeProvost, C., Meier, M. F., Oerlemans, P. L. 1996: Changes in sea level. In Houghton, J. T., Meira-Filho, L. G., Callendar, B. A., Harris, N., Kattenberg, A., and Maskell, K. (eds.), Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 359-405.

Licht, K. J., Anne JenningsJohn T. Andrews, Williams, K. M. 1996: Chronology of late Wisconsin ice retreat from the western Ross Sea, Antarctica. Geology, 24: 223-226.

Bradley, R. S., Dodson, J., Duplessy, J.-C., Gasse. F., Liu, T.-S., Vera Markgraf 1996: Ciencia e implementacion del programa PANASH-PEP. Panash: Paleoclimas de los hemisferios Norte y Sur. El programa PANASH. PAGES Series 96-6.

Walker, D. A., Markon, C. A. (eds.) 1996: Circumpolar arctic vegetation mapping workshop: Abstracts and short papers. US Geological Survey Open File Report no. 96-251.

Mayewski, P. A., Twickler, M. S., Whitlow, S. I., Meeker, L. D., Yang, Q., Thomas, J., Kreutz, K., Grootes, P. M., Morse, D. L., Steig, E. J., Waddington, E. D., Saltzman, E., Whung, P.-Y., Taylor, K. 1996: Climate change during the last deglaciation in Antarctica. Science, 272: 1636-1638. DOI: 10.1126/science.272.5268.1636

Mulder, T., Jaia Syvitski 1996: Climatic and morphologic relationships of rivers: Implications of sea level fluctuations on river loads. Journal of Geology, 104: 509-523.

Liu, F., Baisheng, Y., Yang, D., Mark Williams 1996: Components and sources of ions within the streamwater and snowpack in an ice-free cirque at the headwaters of the Urumqi River, Tianshan Mountains. 5th National Conference on Glaciology and Geocryology. (In Chinese with English abstract.)

McDonald, R. R., Robert S. Anderson 1996: Constraints on eolian grain flow dynamics through laboratory experiments on sand slopes. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 66: 642-653.

Jaia Syvitski, Alexander, C., Field, M. E., Gardner, J. V., Orange, D. L., Yun, J. W. 1996: Continental-slope sedimentation: The view from Northern California. Oceanography, 9: 163-167.

Brook, E. J., Nesje, A., Scott J. Lehman, Yiou, F., Raisbeck, G. 1996: Cosmogenic nuclide exposure ages along a vertical transect in Western Norway: Implications for thickness of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. Geology, 24: 207-210.

Meier, M. F., Bahr, D. 1996: Counting glaciers: Use of scaling methods to estimate the number and size distribution of the glaciers of the world. In Colbeck, S. C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 89-94.

Robert S. Anderson, Repka, J. L., Dick, G. S. 1996: Dating depositional surfaces using in situ produced cosmogenic radionuclides. Geology, 24: 47-51.

Cronin, T. M., Dwyer, P. A., Rodriguez-Lazaro, J., Briggs, W. M. 1996: Deep-sea shell chemistry (Mg:Ca ratios) and Late Quaternary Arctic Ocean history. In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., and Jennings, A. E. (eds), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication 111: 117-134.

W. Tad Pfeffer, Humphrey, N. F. 1996: Determination of timing and location of water movement and ice-layer formation by temperature measurements In sub-freezing snow. Journal of Glaciology, 42(141): 292-304.

Walker, D. A. 1996: Disturbance and recovery arctic Alaskan vegetation. In Reynolds, J. F. and Tenhunen, J. D., eds. Landscape function and disturbance in arctic tundra. Ecological Studies, 120. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 35-71.

Reheis, M. C., Kihl, R. 1996: Dust deposition in southern Nevada and California, 1984-1989: Relations to climate, source area, and source lithology. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100: 8893-8918.

Gonzalez, G., Zou, Z., Borges, S. 1996: Earthworm abundance and species composition in abandoned tropical croplands: Comparisons of tree plantations and secondary forests. Pedobiologia, 40: 358-392.

Pauker, S. J., Tim Seastedt 1996: Effects of mobile tree islands on soil carbon storage in alpine tundra. Ecology, 77: 2563-2567. DOI: 10.2307/2265755

Goodfriend, G. A., Brigham-Grette, J., Gifford H. Miller 1996: Enhanced age resolution of the marine Quaternary record in the Arctic using aspartic acid racemization dating of bivalve shells. Quaternary Research, 45: 176-187. DOI: 10.1006/qres.1996.0018

Anne Jennings, Weiner, N. J. 1996: Environmental change in eastern Greenland during the last 1300 years: Evidence from foraminifera and lithofacies in Nansen Fjord, 68 degrees N. The Holocene, 6: 179-191.

Duguay, C. R., Walker, D. A. 1996: Environmental modeling and monitoring with GIS: Niwot Long-Term Ecological Research site. In Goodchild, M.F., Steyaert, L. T., Parks, B. O., Johnston, C. A., Maidment, D. R., Crane, M., and Glendinning, S., eds. GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues. Ft. Collins, CO: GIS World, Inc., pp. 219-223.

Beirman, P., Steig, E. J. 1996: Estimating rates of denudation using cosmogenic isotope abundances in sediment. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 21: 125-139.

O'Lear, H. A., Tim Seastedt, Briggs, J., Blair, J. M., Ramundo, R. A. 1996: Fire and topographic effects on decomposition rates and nitrogen dynamics of buried wood in tallgrass prairie. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 28: 323-330. DOI: 10.1016/0038-0717(95)00138-7

James W. C. White, Gorodetzky, D. B., Cook, E. R., Barlow, L. K. 1996: Frequency analysis of an annually resolved, 700 year paleoclimatic record from the GISP2 ice core. In Jones, P. D., Bradley, R. S., and Jouzel, J. (eds.), Climatic variations and forcing mechanisms of the last 2000 years. NATO ASI Series, vol. 141. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 193-212.

Detlev Helmig, Pollock, W., Greenberg, J., Zimmerman, P. 1996: Gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis of volatile organic trace gases at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres, 101(D9): 14697-14710. DOI: 10.1029/96JD00212

Herzfeld, U. C., Mayer, H., Higginson, C. A., Matassa, M. 1996: Geostatistical approaches to interpolation and classification of remote sensing data from ice surfaces. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Polar Environments, Lyngby, Denmark, 29 April-1 May 1996 (ESA SP-391, July 1996), pp. 59-63.

Colbeck, S. C. (ed.) 1996: Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, 120 pp.

Parton, W. J., Coughenour, M. B., Scurlock, J. M. O., Ojima, D. S., Gilmanov, T. G., Scholes, R. J., Schimel, D., Kirchner, T. B., Menaut, J. C., Tim Seastedt, Garcia Moya, E., Kamnalrut, A., Kinyamario, J. I., Hall, D. O. 1996: Global grassland ecosystem modelling: Development and test of ecosystem models for grassland systems. In Breymeyer, A. I., Hall, D. O., Melillo, J. M., and Agren, G. I. (eds.), Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. Scope 56. Chichester: Wiley & Sons, 229-270.

Mayer, H. 1996: High-resolution calibration of early Cretaceous magnetochronology. Berichte aus dem Sonderforschungsbereich 313 "Veraenderungen der Umwelt: der Noerdliche Nordatlantik," Geol.-Palaont. Institut Univ. Kiel, 76: 51-54.

Alton C. Byers 1996: Historical and contemporary human disturbance in the upper Barun Valley, Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area, East Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 16(3): 235-247. DOI: 10.2307/3673946

Vera Markgraf, Romero, E., Villagran, C. 1996: History and paleoecology of South American Nothofagus forests. In Veblen, T. T., Hill, R. S., and Read, J. (eds.), The Ecology and Biogeography of Nothofagus Forest. New Haven: Yale University Press, 354-386.

Bahr, D., Rundle, J. B. 1996: Hysteresis in the relationship between glacier sliding velocities and basal water pressure. In Colbeck, S. C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 5-9.

Herzfeld, U. C., Zahner, O., Mayer, H., Higginson, C. A., Stauber, M. 1996: Image analysis by geostatistical and neural-network methods applications in glaciology. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Polar Environments, Lyngby, Denmark, 29 April-1 May 1996 (ESA SP-391, July 1996), pp. 87-91.

Ojima, D. S., Parton, W. J., Coughenour, M. B., Scurlock, J. M. O., Kirchener, T. B., Timothy Kittel, Hall, D. O., Schimel, D., Garcia Moya, E., Gilmanov, T. G., Tim Seastedt, Kamnalrut, A., Kinyamario, J. I., Long, S. P., Menaut, J. C., Sala, O. E., Scholes, R. J., van Veen, J. A. 1996: Impact of climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide changes on grasslands of the world. In Breymeyer, A. I., Hall, D. O., Melillo, J. M., and Agren, G. I. (eds.), Global Change: Effects on Coniferous Forests and Grasslands. Scope 56. Chichester: Wiley & Sons, 271-312.

Jaia SyvitskiEric Hutton 1996: In situ characteristics of suspended particles as determined by the Floc Camera Assembly FCA. Journal of Sea Research, 36: 131-142.

Stone, D. B., Clarke, G. K. C. 1996: In situ measurements of basal water quality and pressure as an indicator of the character of subglacial drainage systems. Hydrological Processes, 10: 615-628.

Fahey, D. W., S.G. Donnelly, Keim, E. R., Gao, R. S., Woodbridge, E. L., Wamsley, R. C., Donnelly, S. G., Del Negro, L. A., Woodbridge, E. L., Proffitt, M. H., Rosenlof, K. H., Ko, M. K. W., Weisenstein, D. K., Scott, C. J., Cynthia Nevison, Solomon, S., Chan, K. R. 1996: In situ observations of NOy, O3, and the NOy/O3 ratio in the lower stratosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, 23(13): 1653-1656. DOI: 10.1029/96GL01476

Scott Elias 1996: Insect fossil evidence on late Wisconsinan environments of the Bering land bridge. In West, F. H. (ed.), American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Palaeoeclolgy of Beringia. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 110-118.

Vera Markgraf, Anderson, L., Keltner, J., Grimm, E. 1996: Inventorio de la base Latinoamericana de datos polinicos. Basado en el Paleoclimatology Publication Series Report no. 4. Boulder, Colorado: World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology Program.

Carr, T. L., Turner, M. D. 1996: Investigating regional lithic procurement using multi-spectral imagery and geophysical exploration. Archaeological Prospection, 3: 109-127.

Steig, E. J., Polissar, P. J., Stuiver, M., Grootes, P. M., Finkel, R. C. 1996: Large amplitude solar modulation cycles of 10Be in Antarctica: Implications for atmospheric mixing processes and interpretation of the ice core record. Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 523-526.

Scott Elias 1996: Late Pleistocene and Holocene seasonal temperatures reconstructed from fossil beetle assemblages in the Rocky Mountains. Quaternary Research, 46: 311-318.

Scott Elias, Short, S. K., Waythomas, C. F. 1996: Late Quaternary environments, Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska. Arctic, 49: 292-305.

Briggs, W. M., Jr., Cronin, T. M. 1996: Late Quaternary paleoceanography of the Canada Basin, central Arctic Ocean. In Tucker, W. and Cate, D. (eds.), The 1994 Arctic Ocean Section. The first major scientific crossing of the Arctic Ocean. CRREL Special Report 96-23, pp. 92-94.

John T. AndrewsAnne Jennings, Cooper, T., Williams, K. M., Mienert, J. 1996: Late Quaternary sedimentation along a fjord to shelf (trough) transect, east Greenland (c. 68 degrees N). In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., and Jennings, A. E. (eds), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication no. 111: 153-166.

Scott Elias, Anderson, K., John T. Andrews 1996: Late Wisconsin climate in northeastern USA and southeastern Canada, reconstructed from fossil beetle assemblages. Journal of Quaternary Science, 11: 417-421.

William F. Manley 1996: Late-glacial flow patterns, deglaciation, and postglacial emergence of south-central Baffin Island and the north-central coast of Hudson Strait, eastern Canadian Arctic. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(11): 1499-1510. DOI: 10.1139/e96-113

Polley, H. W., Johnson, H. B., Mayeux, H. S., Brown, D. A., James W. C. White 1996: Leaf and plant water use efficiency of C4 species grown at glacial to elevated CO2 concentrations. International Journal of Plant Science, 157(2): 164-170.

Guenther, A., Greenberg, J., Harley, P., Detlev Helmig, Klinger, L., Vierling, L., Zimmerman, P., Geron, C. 1996: Leaf, branch, stand and landscape scale measurements of volatile organic compound fluxes from U.S. woodlands. Tree Physiology, 16(1-2): 17-24. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/16.1-2.17

Scott Elias, Short, S. K., Nelson, C. H., Birks, H. H. 1996: Life and times of the Bering land bridge. Nature, 382: 60-63. DOI: 10.1038/382060a0

Lipson, D. J., Monson, R. K., Bill Bowman 1996: Luxury uptake and storage of nitrogen in the rhizomatous alpine herb, Bistorta Bistortoides. Ecology, 77: 1277-1285.

Mayer, H. 1996: Magnetostratigraphic and cyclostratigraphic investigations of the early Cretaceous Biancone Formation at Cismon and Pra da Stua (Southern Alps, Italy) with palaeoclimatical, geochronological and geomathematical implications. Tubinger Geowissenschaftliche A, 28: 127.

Dyurgerov, M. B., Uvarov, V. N., Kostjashkina, T. E. 1996: Mass balance and runoff of Tuyuksu Glacier and the North Slope of the Zailiyskiy Alatau Range, Tien Shan. Zeitschrift Für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, Band 32,S: 41-54.

Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G. L., Lewis, K. J. 1996: Mass balance of the glaciers in Taylor Valley, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. In Colbeck, S. C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 28-29.

Pratson, L. F., Lee, H. J., Parker, G., Garcia, M., Coakley, B. J., Mohrig, D., Locat, J., Mello, U., Parsons, J. D., Choi, S.-U., Israel, K. 1996: Mass movements on continental slopes. In Nittrouer, C. and Kravitz, J., eds., Continental-Margin Sedimentation and the Stratigraphic Record. Oceanography, 9: 168-172.

Paul BrooksMark Williams, Schmidt, S. K. 1996: Microbial activity under alpine snowpacks, Niwot Ridge, Colorado. Biogeochemistry, 32: 93-113.

Mark WilliamsPaul Brooks, Mosier, A., Tonnessen, K. A. 1996: Mineral nitrogen transformations in and under seasonal snow in a high-elevation catchment in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Water Resources Research, 32: 3175-3185.

Steckler, M. S., Swift, D. J. P., Jaia Syvitski, Goff, J. A., Niedoroda, A. W. 1996: Modeling the sedimentology and stratigraphy of continental margins. Oceanography, 9: 183-188.

Trolier, M., James W. C. White, Tans, P. P., Masarie, K. A., Gemery, P. A. 1996: Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric CO2: Measurements from the NOAA Global Air Sampling Network. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101: 25,897-25,916.

Matassa, M., Higginson, C. A., Mayer, H., Herzfeld, U. C. 1996: New results from mapping Antarctica at high resolution from radar altimeter data. Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of the Polar Environments, Lyngby, Denmark, 29 April-1 May 1996 (ESA SP-391, July 1996), pp. 81-85.

Cynthia Nevison, Solomon, S., Russell, J. M., III 1996: Nighttime formation of N2O5 inferred from the halogen occulatation experiment sunset/sunrise NOx ratios. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 101(D3): 6741-6748. DOI: 10.1029/96JD00058

Bahr, D. B., Scott D. Peckham 1996: Observations and analysis of self-similar branching topology in glacier networks. Journal of Geophysical Research—Solid Earth, 101(B11): 25,511-25,521. DOI: 10.1029/96JB02536

Clark, D. H., Steig, E. J., Potter, N., Jr., Fitzpatrick, J., Updike, A. B., Clark, G. M. 1996: Old ice in rock glaciers may provide long-term climate records. EOS, 77: 217, 221-222.

Daniel R. Muhs, Stafford, T. W., Cowherd, S. D., Mahan, S. A., Kihl, R., Maat, P. B., Bush, C. A., Nehring, J. 1996: Origin of the Late Quaternary dune fields of northeastern Colorado. Geomorphology, 17: 129-149.

Mulder, T., Savoye, B., Jaia Syvitski, Cochonat, P. 1996: Origin of the turbidity currents recorded at the Var River mouth in 1971. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II Fascicule A: Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes, 322(4): 301-307.

Mulder, T., Savoye, B., Jaia Syvitski, Cochonat, P. 1996: Origine des courants de turbidite enregistres à l'embouchure du Var en 1971. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, 322(4) Serie IIa: 301-307.

Gemery, P. A., Trolier, M., James W. C. White 1996: Oxygen isotope exchange between carbon dioxide and water following atmospheric sampling using glass flasks. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101(D9): 14,415-14,420.

Jaia Syvitski, Lewis, C. F. M., Piper, D. J. W. 1996: Palaeoceanographic information derived from acoustic surveys of glaciated continental margins: Examples from eastern Canada. In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., and Jennings, A. E. (eds), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication 111: 51-76.

John Behrendt, Saltus, R., Damaske, D., McCafferty, A., Finn, C.A., Blankenship, D., Bell, R.E. 1996: Patterns of late Cenozoic volcanic and tectonic activity in the West Antarctic rift system revealed by aeromagnetic surveys. Tectonics 15: 660-676.

Vera Markgraf 1996: PEP I: Transecta de las Americas. PANASH: Paleoclimas de los hemisferios Norte y Sur. El programa PANASH. PAGES series 96-6.

Singh, J. S., Patrick Bourgeron, Lauenroth, W. K. 1996: Plant species richness and species-area relations in a shortgrass steppe in Colorado. Journal of Vegetation Science, 7(5): 645-650.

Overpeck, J., Rind, D., Lacis, A., Healy, R. 1996: Possible role of dust-induced regional warming in abrupt climate change during the last glacial period. Nature, 384: 447-449.

Forman, S.L., David LubinskiGifford H. Miller, Matishov, G.G., Korsun, S., Snyder, J., Herlihy, F., Weihe, R., Myslivets, V. 1996: Postglacial emergence of western Franz Josef Land, Russia, and retreat of the Barents Sea Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 15: 77-90.

Andrews, M. 1996: Publishing trends in polar science. In Markham, J. W. and Duda, A. L. (eds.), Information across the waves: The world as a multimedia experience. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers. 21st Annual Conference of IAMSLIC held 8-12 October, 1995 at Southampton, England. Fort Pierce, Florida: IAMSLIC, 65-74.

William F. ManleyAnne Jennings 1996: Radiocarbon date list VIII: Eastern Canadian Arctic, Labrador, Northern Quebec, East Greenland Shelf, Iceland Shelf, and Antarctica. University of Colorado. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research Occasional Paper No. 50. 163 pp.

Chapin, F. S., Diaz, S, Howden, M., Puigdefabregas, J., Stafford, M., Benning, T., Bryant, F., Campbell, B., DuToit, J., Galvin, K., Holland, E., Joyce, L., Knapp, A., Matson, P., Miller, R., Ojima, D., Polley, W., Tim Seastedt, Suarez, A., Svejcar, T., Wessman, C. 1996: Rangelands in a changing climate: Impacts, adaptations and mitigation. In Watson, R. T., Zinyowera, M. C., and Moss, R. H. (eds.), Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses. Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 133-158.

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Peterson, L. C., Trumbore, S. 1996: Rapid climate changes in the tropical Atlantic region during the last deglaciation. Nature, 380: 51-54.

Tim Seastedt, Duffy, P., Knight, J. 1996: Reverse fertilization experiment produces mixed results. Restoration and Management Notes, 14: 64.

Hollin, J. T. 1996: Review essay. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28: 529-531.

Thiessen D. B., Chione, D.J., McCreary, C.B., Krantz, W.B. 1996: Robust Digital Image Analysis of Pendant Drop Shapes . J. of Colloid and Interface Sci., 177, 658-665

Mortyn, P. G., Thunell, R. C., Anderson, D. M., Stott, L. D., Le, J. 1996: Sea surface temperature changes in the Southern California borderlands during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Paleoceanography, 11(4): 415-430. DOI: 10.1029/96PA01236

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 1996: Sea-ice conditions off the coasts of Iceland A.D. 1601-1850 with special reference to part of the Maunder Minimum period (1675-1715). In Pedersen, E. S. (ed.), AmS-Varia 25 North European climate data in the latter part of the Maunder Minimum period A.S. 1675-1715. Extended abstracts for the Regional North-European sub-group meeting on historical climatology in Stavanger, Norway, pp. 9-12.

Greenberg, J. P., Detlev Helmig, Zimmerman, P. R. 1996: Seasonal measurements of nonmethane hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide at the Mauna Loa Observatory during the Mauna Loa Observatory Photochemistry Experiment 2. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres, 101(D9): 14581-14598. DOI: 10.1029/95JD01543

Jaia SyvitskiJohn T. Andrews, Dowdeswell, J. A. 1996: Sediment deposition in an iceberg-dominated glacimarine environment, East Greenland: Basin fill implications. Global and Planetary Change, 12: 251-270.

Goff, J., Mayer, L., Hughes-Clarke, J., Pratson, L. 1996: Shelf and slope morphology. In Nittrouer, C. and Kravitz, J., eds., special issue Continental-Margin Sedimentation and the Stratigraphic Record. Oceanography, 9: 178-182.

Anne Jennings, Tedesco, K. A., John T. Andrews, Kirby, M. E. 1996: Shelf erosion and glacial ice proximity in the Labrador Sea during and after Heinrich events (H-3 or 4 to H-0) as shown by foraminifera. In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., and Jennings, A. E. (eds), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication no. 111: 29-49.

Harper, J. T., Humphrey, N. F., W. Tad Pfeffer, Welch, B. C. 1996: Short wavelength variations in the horizontal velocity field of a valley glacier. In Colbeck, S. C. (ed.), Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Volcanoes: A Tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 41-48.

Cortinas, M. R., Tim Seastedt 1996: Short- and long-term effects of gophers (Thomomys talpoides) on soil organic matter dynamics in alpine tundra. Pedobiologia, 40: 162-170.

Robert S. Anderson, Hallet, B. 1996: Simulating magnetic susceptibility profiles in loess as an aid in quantifying rates of dust deposition and pedogenic development. Quaternary Research, 45: 1-16

Walker, M. D., Everett, K. R., Walker, D. A., Birkeland, P. W. 1996: Soil development as an indicator of relative pingo age, northern Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28: 352-362.

Tim Seastedt 1996: Soil fauna and the biogeochemistry of tropical ecosystems. In Reddy, M. V. (ed.), Soil Organisms and Litter Decomposition in the Tropics. Oxford & IBH Publ., 184-204.

Townsend, A. R., Braswell, B. H., Holland, E. A., Penner, J. E. 1996: Spatial and temporal patterns in terrestrial carbon storage due to deposition of fossil fuel nitrogen. Ecological Applications, 6(3): 806-814. DOI: 10.2307/2269486

Wolfe, A. P. 1996: Spatial patterns of modern diatom distribution and multiple paleolimnological records from a small non-glacial Arctic lake, Baffin Island, Northwest Territories. Canadian Journal of Botany, 74: 345-359.

Rikkers, M., Mark Williams, Sommerfeld, R. 1996: Spatial statistics of meltwater flux at a continental alpine site, Rocky Mountains. Proceedings of the 64th Western Snow Conference, pp. 23-31.

Bahr, D., Rundle, J. B. 1996: Stick-slip statistical mechanics at the bed of a glacier. Geophysical Research Letters, 23: 2073-2076.

T. Nelson Caine 1996: Streamflow patterns in the alpine environment of North Boulder Creek, Colorado Front Range. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie N.F., 104: 27-42.

Dyurgerov, M. 1996: Substitution of long-term mass balance data by measurements of one summer. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde un Glazialgeologie, 23: 177-184.

Bill Bowman, Schardt, J. C., Schmidt, S. K. 1996: Symbiotic N2-fixation in alpine tundra: Ecosystem input and variation in fixation rates among communities. Oecologia, 108: 345-350.

Overpeck, J., Webb, R., Anderson, D. M. 1996: Teaming up to meet IGBP paleoenvironmental data needs. IGBP Newsletter, 27: 28-29.

Walker, D. A., Walker, M. D. 1996: Terrain and vegetation of the Imnavait Creek watershed. In Reynolds, J. F. and Tenhunen, J. D., eds. Landscape function and disturbance in arctic tundra. Ecological Studies, 120. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, pp. 73-108.

Andrew G. Fountain 1996: The effect of Mark Meier on tidewater glaciers. In Colbeck, S. C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. vi-vii.

Scott Elias 1996: The Ice-Age history of national parks in the Rocky Mountains. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 170 pp.

Seidl, M. A., Weissel, J. K., Pratson, L. F. 1996: The kinematics and pattern of escarpment retreat across the rifted continental margin of SE Australia. Basin Research, 12: 301-316.

Wolfe, A. P., Haedrtling, J. W. 1996: The late Quaternary development of three ancient tarns on southwestern Cumberland Peninsula, Baffin Island, Arctic Canada: Paleolimnological evidence from diatoms and sediment chemistry. Journal of Paleolimnology, 15: 1-18.

John T. Andrews, Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H., Anne Jennings 1996: The Late Quaternary palaeoceanography of North Atlantic margins: An introduction. In Andrews, J. T., Austin, W. E. N., Bergsten, H. and Jennings, A. E. (eds.), Late Quaternary Palaeoceanography of the North Atlantic Margins. Geological Society Special Publication no. 111: 1-6.

Vera Markgraf, Anderson, L., Keltner, J., Grimm, E. 1996: The Latin American pollen database site inventory. Paleoclimatology Publication Series Report no. 4. Boulder, Colorado: World Data Center-A for Paleoclimatology, NOAA Paleoclimatology Program.

John T. Andrews, Freeman, W. 1996: The measurement of sediment color using the Colortron Spectrophotometer. Arctic and Alpine Research, 28: 524-528.

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Peterson, L. C., Anderson, R. F. 1996: The nature of varved sedimentation in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela, and its palaeoclimatic significance. In Kemp, A. E. S. (ed), Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoceanography from Laminated Sediments. Geological Society Special Publication no. 116: 171-183.

Duplessy, J-C., Overpeck, J. 1996: The PAGES/CLIVAR Intersection: Providing the paleoclimatic perspective needed to understand climate variability and predictability. Report of a joint IGBP-WCRP Workshop, 48 pp.

Bahr, D., Meier, M. F., Scott D. Peckham 1996: The physical basis for glacier volume-area scaling and implications for mass balance profiles. In Colbeck, S.C. (ed.), Glaciers, ice sheets and volcanoes: A tribute to Mark F. Meier. CRREL Special Report 96-27, pp. 11-12.

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Anderson, R. F., Williams, K. M. 1996: The potential for palaeoclimate records from varved Arctic lake sediments: Baffin Island, eastern Canadian Arctic. In Kemp, A. E. S. (ed), Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoceanography from Laminated Sediments. Geological Society Special Publication no. 116: 57-71.

Overpeck, J. T., Anderson, D. M., Trumbore, S., Prell, W. 1996: The southwest Indian Monsoon over the last 18,000 years. Climate Dynamics, 12: 213-225.

Krantz, W. B. 1996: Thermodynamics of surfaces. In Dorf, R. D. (ed.), The Engineering Handbook. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, 487-494.

Theodose, T. A., Jaeger, C. H., Bill Bowman, Schardt, J. C. 1996: Uptake and allocation of 15N by alpine tundra plants: Implications for the role of competition in community structure in a stressful environment. Oikos, 75: 59-66.

Van Heteren, S., FitzGerald, D. M., Barber, D. C., Kelley, J. T., Belknap, D. F. 1996: Volumetric analysis of a New England barrier system using ground-penetrating radar and coring techniques. Journal of Geology, 104: 417-483.

Turner, M., Bonnichsen, R., Beatty, M. T., Stoneking, M. 1996: What can be learned from hair? A hair record from Mammoth Meadow Locus, southwestern Montana. In Akazawa, T. and Szathmary, J. E. (eds), Prehistoric Mongoloid dispersals. New York: Oxford University Press, 201-223.

Pratson, L., Haxby, W. 1996: What is the slope of the U.S. continental slope?. Geology, 24: 3-6.

Wolfe, A. P. 1996: Wisconsinan refugial landscapes, eastern Baffin Island, Northwest Territories. The Canadian Geographer, 40: 81-87.