Research Publications

Publications From 1998

, Overpeck, J.T. 1998: 2000 years of drought variability in the central United States . Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79(12):2693-2714

Vera Markgraf 1998: 8. Past climates of South America . In: Climates of the Southern Continents: Present, Past and Future, Ed. J.E. Hobbs, J.A. Lindesay and H.A. Bridgman. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. pp. 249-263.

Reeburgh, W.S., King, J.Y., Regli, S.K., Kling, G.W., Auerbach, N.A., Walker, D.A. 1998: A CH4 emission estimate for the Kuparuk River basin, Alaska . Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 103, No. D22: 29,005-29,013

Lyons, W.B., Tyler, S.W., Wharton, R.A., Jr., Diane M. McKnightBruce H. Vaughn 1998: A Late Holocene desiccation of Lake Hoare and Lake Fryxell, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 10(3):247-256

Peterson, R. A., Krantz, W. B. 1998: A linear stability analysis for the inception of differential frost heave. 7th International Permafrost Conference: 883-889.

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Scott J. Lehman, Kashgarian, M., Southon, J., Peterson, L. C. 1998: A new 14C calibration data set for the last deglaciation based on marine varves. Radiocarbon, 40(1): 483-494. DOI: 10.1017/S0033822200018361

Kaufman, D.S., William F. Manley 1998: A new procedure for determining DL amino acid ratios in fossils using reverse phase liquid chromatography. Quaternary Geochronology 17:987-1000

Densmore, A. L., Ellis, M. E., Robert S. Anderson 1998: A numerical model of landscape evolution by bedrock landslides. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103: 15,203-15,220.

Thompson, R. S., Hostetler, S. W., Bartlein, P. J., Anderson, K. 1998: A strategy for assessing potential future changes in climate, hydrology, and vegetation in the western United States. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1153, 20 pp.

John T. Andrews 1998: Abrupt changes (Heinrich events) in late Quaternary North Atlantic marine environments: A history and review of data and concepts. Invited review. Journal of Quaternary Science, 13(1): 3-16.

Muller, S. V., Walker, D., Nelson, F. E., Auerbach, N. A., Bockheim, J. G., Guyer, S., Sherba, D. 1998: Accuracy assessment of a land-cover map of the Kuparuk River Basin, Alaska: Considerations for remote regions. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 64(6): 619-628.

Nelson, F.E., Hinkel, K.M., Shiklomanov, N.I., Mueller, G.R., Miller, L.L., Walker, D.A. 1998: Active-layer thickness in north central Alaska: systematic sampling, scale, and spatial autocorrelation. Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 103, No. D22: 28,963-28,973

John Behrendt, Finn, C. A., Blankenship, D., Bell, R. E. 1998: Aeromagnetic evidence for a volcanic caldera(?) complex beneath the divide of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Geophysical Research Letters, 25(23): 4385-4388.

Bruce H. VaughnJames W. C. White, Delmotte, M., Trolier, M., Cattani, O., Stievenard, M. 1998: An automated system for hydrogen isotope analysis of water . Chemical Geology Including Isotope Geoscience 152:309-319

Runkel, R.L., Diane M. McKnightEdmund Andrews 1998: Analysis of transient storage subject to unsteady flow: diel flow variation in an Antarctic stream. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc., 17(2):143-154

Dyurgerov, M. B., Meier, M. F. 1998: Analysis of winter and summer glacier mass balances. Proceedings, International Workshop, Tarfala, Sweden, August 1988.

Diane M. McKnight 1998: Aquatic ecosystems: defined by hydrology. Holistic approaches required for understanding, utilizing, and protecting freshwater resources. In: Hydrologic sciences, taking stock and looking ahead. Proceedings of the 1997 Abel Wolman Distinguished Lecture and Symposium on the Hydrologic Sciences. Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, pp. 44-66

Caseldine, C.J., Hatton, J.M., Huber, U.M., Chiverrell, R., Woolley, N. 1998: Assessing the impact of volcanic activity on mid-Holocene climate in Ireland: the need for replicate data. Holocene 8:105-111

Hancock, G. S., Robert S. Anderson, Whipple, K. X. 1998: Bedrock erosion by streams: Beyond stream power. In Tinkler, K. and Wohl, E. (eds.), Rivers over Rock, p. 35-60.

Rice, C.W., Todd, T.C., Blair, J.M., Tim Seastedt, Ramundo, R.A., Wilson, G.T. 1998: Belowground biology and processes . In: Knapp, A.K., Briggs, J.M., Hartnett, D.C. and S.C. Collins (eds.). Grassland dynamics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York, Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 244-264

Epstein, P. R., Diaz, H. F., Scott Elias, Grabherr, G., Graham, N. E., Martens, W. J. M., Mosley-Thompson, E., Susskind, J. 1998: Biological and physical signs of climate change: Focus on mosquito-borne diseases. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 79(3): 409-417.

Dyer, M. I., Turner, C. L., Tim Seastedt 1998: Biotic interactivity between grazers and plants: Relationships contributing to atmospheric boundary layer dynamics. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 55: 1247-1259.

Loy, T.H., E. James Dixon 1998: Blood residues on fluted points from eastern Beringia . American Antiquity 63(1):21-46

Gary Clow 1998: Borehole Locations and Permafrost Depths, Alaska, USA. Digital database, National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology, http://nsidc.org/data/ggd223.html.

Jones, M.H., Fahnestock, J.T., Walker, D.A., Walker, M.D., Welker, J.M. 1998: Carbon dioxide fluxes in moist and dry arctic tundra during the snow-free season: responses to increases in summer temperature and winter snow accumulation. Arctic and Alpine Research 30(4):373-380

Dyurgerov, M.B. 1998: Causes and mechanisms of stability of mountain glaciers . In: 34 Selected Papers on Main Ideas of the Soviet Glaciology, 1940s-1980s, Moscow, [1997], 421-432

Steig, E.J., Hart, C.P., James W. C. White, Cunningham, W.L., Davis, M.D., Saltzman, E.S. 1998: Changes in climate, ocean and ice-sheet conditions in the Ross embayment, Antarctica at 6 ka. Papers from the International Symposium on Antarctica and Global Change: Interactions and Impacts held in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 13-18 July 1997. Annals of Glaciology 27: 305-310

Wang, Y., Huntington, T.G., Osher, L.J., Wassenaar, L.I., Trumbore, S.E., Amundson, R.G., Harden, J.W., Diane M. McKnight, Schiff, S.L., Aiken, G. R., Lyons, W.B., Aravena, R. O., Baron, J. S. 1998: Chapter 17. Carbon cycling in terrestrial environments . In: C. Kendall and M.M. McDonnell, eds., Isotope tracers in catchment hydrology. Elsevier. pp. 577-610

Ping, C.L., Bockheim, J.G., Kimble, J.M., Michaelson, G.J., Walker, D.A. 1998: Characteristics of cryogenic soils along a latitudinal transect in Arctic Alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 103, No. D22: 28,917-28,928

Tim Seastedt 1998: Climate change, elevated CO2 and predictive modeling: Past and future climate change scenarios for the tallgrass prairie. In: Knapp, A.K., Briggs, J.M., Hartnett, D.C. and S.C. Collins (eds.). Grassland dynamnics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York, Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 283-300

Mosier, A., Kroeze, C., Cynthia Nevison, Oenema, O., Seitzinger, S., van Cleemput, O. 1998: Closing the global N2O budget: Nitrous oxide emissions through the agricultural nitrogen cycle. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 52(2-3): 225-248. DOI: 10.1023/A:1009740530221

Weinheimer, A. J., Montzka, D. D., Campos, T. L., James Walega, Ridley, B. A., Donnelly, S. G., Keim, E. R., Del Negro, L. A., Proffitt, M. H., Margitan, J. J., Boering, K. A., Andrews, A. E., Daube, B. C, Wofsy, S. C., Anderson, B. E., Collins, J. E., Sachse, G. W., Vay, S. A., Elkins, J. W., Wamsley, P. R., Atlas, E. L., Flocke, F., Schauffler, S., Webster, C. R., May, R. D., Loewenstein, M., Podolske, J. R., Bui, T. P., Chan, K. R., Bowen, S. W., Schoeberl, M. R., Lait, L. R., Newman, P. A. 1998: Comparison between DC-8 and ER-2 species measurements in the tropical middle troposphere: NO, NOy, O-3, CO2, CH4, and N2O. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 103(D17): 22087-22096. DOI: 10.1029/98JD01421

Larry Benson, May, H.M., Antweiler, R. C., Brinton, T.I., Kashgarian, M., Smoot, J.P., Lund, S.P. 1998: Continuous lake-sediment records of glaciation in the Sierra Nevada between 52,600 and 12,500 14C yr B.P. Quaternary Research 50:113-127

Harper, J.T., Humphrey, N.F., W. Tad Pfeffer 1998: Crevasse patterns and the strain rate tensor: a high-resolution comparison . Journal of Glaciology (146), 68-76

John T. Andrews 1998: Dating glacial events and correlation to climate change . In: Sowers, J.M., Noller, J.S., and Lettis, W.R. (eds.), Dating and Earthquakes: Review of Quaternary Geochronology and Its Application to Paleoseismology. Washington, DC, pp. 703-716

Sloan, V., Dyke, L.D. 1998: Decadal and millennial velocities of rock glaciers, Selwyn Mountains, Canada . Geografiska Annaler 80A(3-4):237-249

Panel on Climate Variability ... National Research Council, Cole, J.E. 1998: Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change. Washington, DC, National Academy Press, 140 pp.

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Scott J. Lehman, Kashgarian, M., Southon, J., Peterson, L. C., Alley, R. B., Sigman, D. M. 1998: Deglaciation changes in ocean circulation from an extended radiocarbon calibration. Letters to Nature. Nature, 391: 65-68. DOI: 10.1038/34150

Bakwin, P. S., Tans, P. P., James W. C. White, Andres, R. J. 1998: Determination of the isotopic (C-13/C-12) discrimination by terrestrial biology from a global network of observations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(3): 555-562. DOI: 10.1029/98GB02265

Hoffmann, G., Stievenaard, M., Jouzel, J., James W. C. White, Johnsen, S.J. 1998: Deuterium excess record from central Greenland. In, Stable Isotopes in the Hydrologic Cycle. International Atomic Energy Agency SM-349-54, pp. 591-602.

Sullivan, A.B., Drever, J.I., Diane M. McKnight 1998: Diel variation in element concentrations, Peru Creek, Summit County, Colorado. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 64:141-145

Steltzer, H., Bill Bowman 1998: Differential influence of plant species on soil N transformations within moist meadow alpine tundra. Ecosystems 1:464-474

Walker, D.A., Auerbach, N.A., Bockheim, J.G., Chapin, F.S. III, Eugster, W., King, J.Y., McFadden, J.P., Michaelson, G.J., Nelson, F.E., Oechler, W.C., Ping, C.L., Reeburg, W.S., Regli, S., Shiklomanov, N.I., Vourlitis, G.L. 1998: Energy and trace-gas fluxes across a soil pH boundary in the Arctic; Letters to Nature. Nature 394:469-472

Licht, K.J., Cunningham, W.L., John T. Andrews, Domack, E.W., Anne Jennings 1998: Establishing chronologies from acid-insoluble organic 14C dates on Antarctic (Ross Sea) and Arctic (North Atlantic) marine sediments. Polar Research 17(2):203-216

Skene, K. I., Piper, D. J. W., Aksu, A., Jaia Syvitski 1998: Evaluation of the global oxygen isotope curve as a proxy for Quaternary sea level by modeling of delta progradation. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68(6): 1077-1092.

Stahle, D.W., D'Arrigo, R.D., Krusic, P.J., Cleaveland, M.K., Cook, E.R., Allan, R.J., Cole, J.E., Dunbar, R.B., Therrell, M.D., Gay, d.A., Moore, M.D., Stokes, M.A., Burns, B.T., Villanueva-Diaz, J., Thompson, L.G. 1998: Experimental dendroclimatic reconstruction of the southern oscillation . Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 79(10):2137-2152

W. Tad Pfeffer, Humphrey, N. F. 1998: Formation of ice layers by infiltration and refreezing of meltwater. Annals of Glaciology, 26: 83-91.

Demaree, G. R., Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, Zhang, D. 1998: Further documentary evidence of Northern Hemispheric coverage of the Great Dry Fog of 1783 (Comment on Stothers, R. B., 'The Great Dry Fog of 1783' Climatic Change 32, 1996). Climatic Change, 39(4): 727-730. DOI: 10.1023/A:1005319607233

Lyons, W.B., Welch, K.A., Neumann, K., Toxey, J.K., McArthur, R., Williams, C., Diane M. McKnight, Moorehead, D. 1998: Geochemical linkages among glaciers, streams, and lakes within the Taylor Valley, Antarctica. In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 77-92

Calkin, P. E., Kaufman, D. J., Przybyl, B. I., Whitford, W. B., Peck, B. J. 1998: Glacier regimes, periglacial landforms and Holocene climate change in the Kigluaik Mountains, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research, 30: 154-165.

Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L., Lewis, K.J., Bruce H. VaughnDiane M. McKnight 1998: Glaciers of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica . In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 65-76

Knapp, A.K., Tim Seastedt 1998: Grasslands, Konza Prairie, and long-term ecological research . In: Knapp, A.K., Briggs, J.M., Hartnett, D.C. and S.C. Collins (eds.). Grassland dynamnics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York, Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 3-15

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 1998: Historical accounts of weather events, sea ice and related matters in Iceland and Greenland, A.D. c. 1250 to 1430. In Frenzel, B., et al. (hrsg.), Documentary climatic evidence for 1750-1850 and the fourteenth century. Special issue: ESF Project, European Palaeoclimate and Man 15.

Conovitz, P.A., Diane M. McKnight, MacDonald, L.H., Andrew G. Fountain, House, H.R. 1998: Hydrologic processes influencing streamflow variation in Fryxell Basin, Antarctica. In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 93-108

Jaia Syvitski, Morehead, M. D., Nicholson, M. 1998: Hydrotrend: A climate-driven hydrologic-transport model for predicting discharge and sediment load to lakes or oceans. Computers & Geosciences, 24(1): 51-68.

Zhu, R., Coe, R., Guo, B., Robert S. Anderson, Zhao, X. 1998: Inconsistent paleomagnetic recording of the Blake Event in Chinese loess related to sedimentary environment. Geophysical Journal International, 134: 867-875.

Thomas, B.D., Bill Bowman 1998: Influence of N2-fixing TRIFOLIUM on plant species composition and biomass production in alpine tundra. Oecologia 115:26-31

John Behrendt 1998: Innocents on the ice . Niwot, Colorado, University of Colorado Press, 428 pp.

Paul BrooksMark Williams, Schmidt, S.K. 1998: Inorganic nitrogen and microbial biomass dynamics before and during spring snowmelt. Biogeochemistry 43:1-15

Stuiver, M., Reimer, P.J., Bard, E., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Hughen, K.A., Kromer, B., McCormac, G., Van der Plicht, J., Spurk, M. 1998: INTCAL98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000-0 cal BP . Radiocarbon 40(3):1041-1083

Alan Fried, Henry, B., Wert, B. P., Sewell, S., Drummond, J. R. 1998: Laboratory, ground-based, and airborne tunable diode laser systems: Performance characteristics and applications in atmospheric studies. Applied Physics B, 67: 317-330.

Magee, J. W., Gifford H. Miller 1998: Lake Eyre palaeohydrology from 60 ka to the present: Beach ridges and glacial maximum aridity. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 144: 307-329.

Clark, R., Huber, U.M., Wilson, P. 1998: Late Pleistocene sediments and environmental change at Plaza Creek, Falkland Islands, South Atlantic. Journal of Quaternary Science 13:95-105

Webb, T., III, Anderson, K., Bartlein, P. J., Webb, R. S. 1998: Late Quaternary climate change in eastern North America: A comparison of pollen-derived estimates with climate model results. Quaternary Science Reviews, 17: 587-606.

John T. Andrews, Kirby, M.E., Aksu, A., Barber, D. C., Meese, D. 1998: Late Quaternary detrital carbonate (DC-) layers in Baffin Bay marine sediments (67 deg. - 74 deg.N): Correlation with Heinrich events in the North Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews 17:1125-1137

Hickman, M., Reasoner, M.A. 1998: Late Quaternary diatom response to vegetation and climage change in a high subalpine lake in Banff National Park, Alberta. Journal of Paleolimnology 20:253-265

John T. Andrews, Cooper, T.A., Anne Jennings, Stein, A.B., Erlenkeuser, H. 1998: Late Quaternary iceberg-rafted detritus events on the Denmark Strait-Southeast Greenland continental clope (~65 deg. N): related to North Atlantic Heinrich events. Marine Geology 149:211-228

John T. Andrews, Kirby, M.E., Anne Jennings, Barber, D. C. 1998: Late Quaternary stratigraphy, chronology, and depositional processes on the slope of S.E. Baffin Island, detrital carbonate and Heinrich events: implications for onshore glacial history. Geographie physique et Quaternaire 52(1):91-105

Diane M. McKnight, Alger, A.S., Tate, C.M., Shupe, G., Sarah A. Spaulding 1998: Longitudinal patterns in algal abundance and species distribution in meltwater streams in Taylor Valley, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 109-128

Welch, B. C., W. Tad Pfeffer, Harper, J. T., Humphrey, N. F. 1998: Mapping subglacial surfaces of temperate valley glaciers by two-pass migration of a radio-echo sounding survey. Journal of Glaciology, 44(146): 164-170.

Vandal, G. M., Mason, R. P., Diane M. McKnight, Fitzgerald, W. 1998: Mercury speciation and distribution in a polar desert lake (Lake Hoare, Antarctica) and two glacial meltwater streams. Science of the Total Environment, 213(1-3): 229-237. DOI: 10.1016/S0048-9697(98)00095-3

Tom Marchitto, Curry, W. B., Oppo, D. W. 1998: Millennial-scale changes in North Atlantic circulation since the last glaciation. Nature, 393: 557-561. DOI: 10.1038/31197

Moorhead, D.L., Diane M. McKnight, Tate, C.M. 1998: Modeling nitrogen transformations in Dry Valley streams, Antarctica . In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem dynamics in a polar desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series, v.72, pp. 141-152

Mulder, T., Jaia Syvitski, Skene, K. I. 1998: Modeling of erosion and deposition by turbidity currents generated at river mouths. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68(1): 124-137.

Robert S. Anderson 1998: Near-surface thermal profiles in alpine bedrock: Implications for the frost-weathering of rock. Arctic and Alpine Research, 30: 362-372.

, Overpeck, J.T., Karl, T.R., Guttman, N.B. 1998: New database of North American paleodrought . Earth System Monitor 8:1-6

Mark WilliamsPaul BrooksTim Seastedt 1998: Nitrogen and carbon soil dynamics in response to climate change in a high-elevation ecosystem in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Arctic and Alpine Research, 30(1): 26-30.

Bieber, A., Mark Williams, Johnsson, M., Davinroy, T. 1998: Nitrogen transformations in alpine talus fields, Green Lakes Valley, Front Range, Colorado, U.S.A.. Arctic and Alpine Research 30(3): 266-271.

Mark Williams, Bardsley, T., Rikkers, M. 1998: Overestimation of snow depth and inorganic nitrogen wetfall using NADP data, Niwot Ridge, Colorado. Atmospheric Environment, 32(22): 3827-3833. DOI: 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00009-0

Bartlein, P. J., Anderson, K., Anderson, P. M., Edwards, M. E., Mock, C. J., Thompson, R. S., Webb, R. S., Webb, T., III, Whitlock, C. 1998: Paleoclimate simulations for North America over the past 21,000 years: Features of the simulated climate and comparisons with paleoenvironmental data. Quaternary Science Reviews, 17: 549-585.

Dahl-Jensen, D., Mosegaard, K., Gundestrup, N., Gary Clow, Johnsen, S. J., Hansen, A. W., Balling, N. 1998: Past temperatures directly from the Greenland ice sheet. Science, 282(5387): 268-271. DOI: 10.1126/science.282.5387.268

Small, E. E., Robert S. Anderson 1998: Pleistocene relief production in Laramide Mountain Ranges, western U.S. Geology, 26: 123-126.

Small, E. E., Robert S. Anderson 1998: Pleistocene relief production in Laramide Mountain Ranges, western U.S. (reply to comment by J. Schaffer). Geology, 26: 123-126.

Jaia Syvitski, Skene, K.I., Nicholson, M.K., Morehead, M.D. 1998: Plume 1.1: Deposition of sediment from a fluvial plume . Computers and Geosciences 24(2):159-171

Bill Bowman, Steltzer, H. 1998: Positive feedbacks to anthropogenic nitrogen deposition in Rocky Mountain alpine tundra. Ambio 27:514-517

Alan Fried, Henry, B., Sewell, S. 1998: Potential calibration errors in OCS permeation devices: Implications for atmospheric studies. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 103: 18,895-18,906.

Bahr, D., Jaia Syvitski 1998: Predicting compacted sediment porosity profiles. In Buccianti, A., Nardi, G., and Potenza, R. (eds.), Proceedings of IAMG '98. Isola d'Ischia: Naples, 627-632.

Scott, D.T., Diane M. McKnight, Blunt-Harris, E.L., Kolesar, S.E., Lovley, D.R. 1998: Quinone moieties act as electron acceptors in the reduction of humic substances by humics-reducing microorganisms. Environmental Science and Technology 32:2984-2989

Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B., Ellsworth, D.C., Vose, J., Volin, C., Gresham, C., Bill Bowman 1998: Relationships of leaf dark respiration to leaf N, SLA, and life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups. Oecologia 114:471-482

Vera Markgraf 1998: Researchers investigate inter-hemispheric climate linkages in the Americas and their societal effects. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 79(31):(August 4, 1998)

Bahr, D., W. Tad Pfeffer, Sassolas, C., Meier, M. F. 1998: Response time of glaciers as a function of size and mass balance: I. Theory. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(B5): 9777-9782.

W. Tad Pfeffer, Sassolas, C., Bahr, D., Meier, M. F. 1998: Response time of glaciers as a function of size and mass balance: II. Numerical experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(B5): 9783-9789.

Stow, D., Hope, A., Boynton, W., Phinn, S., Walker, D., Auerbach, N. A. 1998: Satellite-derived vegetation index and cover type maps for estimating carbon dioxide flux for arctic tundra regions. Geomorphology, 21: 313-327.

Diane M. McKnight 1998: Scientific societies and whistleblowers: The relationship between the community and the individual. Science and Engineering Ethics, 4: 97-113.

Inyan, B. J., Mark Williams, Tonnessen, K. A., Turk, J. T, Campbell, D. H. 1998: Seasonal inorganic nitrogen release in alpine lakes on the Colorado Western Slope. Physical Geography, 19(5): 406-420. DOI: 10.1080/02723646.1998.10642658

Ying Wang, Ren, Mei-e, Jaia Syvitski 1998: Sediment transport and terrigenous fluxes . In: K.H. Brink, K.H. and A.R. Robinson, (eds). The Sea: Volume 10 - The Global Coastal Ocean: Processes and Methods, New York, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 253-292

Nelson, A.R., Ota, Y., Umitsu, M., Kashima, K., Matsushima, Y. 1998: Seismic or hydrodynamic control of rapid late-Holocene sea-level rises in southern coastal Oregon, USA?. Holocene 8(3):287-299

Diane M. McKnight, Aiken, G. R. 1998: Sources and age of aquatic humus . In: Hessen, Tranvik (eds) Aquatic Humic Substances. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg; Ecological Studies, vol. 133: 9-39

Johnsen, S.J., Clausen, H.B., Jouzel, J., Schwander, J., Sveinbjornsdottir, A.E., James W. C. White 1998: Stable isotope records from Greenland deep ice cores: the climate signal and the role of diffusion. In: Ice Physics and the Natural Environment, NATO ASI Series Vol. I 56, Berlin, Springer Verlag.

Johnson, B. J., Fogel, M. L., Gifford H. Miller 1998: Stable isotopes in modern ostrich eggshell: A calibration for paleoenvironmental applications in semi-arid regions of southern Africa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62(14): 2451-2462. DOI: 10.1016/S0016-7037(98)00175-6

, Passerini, E. 1998: Statistical mechanics of collective behavior: Macro-Sociology . Journal of Mathematical Sociology 23(1):29-49

, Passerini, E. 1998: Statistical mechanics of opinion formation and collective behavior . Journal of Mathematical Sociology 23(1):1-27

Lewis, K.J., Andrew G. Fountain, Dana, G.L. 1998: Surface energy balance and meltwater production for a Dry Valley glacier, Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 27:603-609

Shuman, C. A., Alley, R. B., Fahnestock, M. A., Bindschadler, R. A., James W. C. White, Winterle, J., McConnell, J. R. 1998: Temperature history and accumulation timing for the snowpack at GISP2, central Greenland. Journal of Glaciology, 44(146): 21-30.

Blair, J.M., Tim Seastedt, Rice, C.W., Ramundo, R.A. 1998: Terrestrial nutrient cycling in tallgrass prairie . In: Knapp, A.K., Briggs, J.M., Hartnett, D.C. and S.C. Collins (eds.). Grassland dynamnics: Long-Term Ecological Research in Tallgrass Prairie. New York, Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 222-243

Cole, J.E., Cook, E.R. 1998: The changing relationship between ENSO variability and moisture balance in the continental United States. Geophysical Research Letters 25(24):4529-4532

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