Research Publications

Publications From 2000

Hemming, S.R., Gwiazda, R.H., John T. Andrews, Broecker, W.S., Anne Jennings, Onstott, T.C. 2000: 40Ar/39Ar and Pb-Pb study of individual hornblende and feldspar grains from southeastern Baffin Island glacial sediments: implications for the provenance of the Heinrich layers. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 37(6):879-890

Wolfe, A.P. 2000: A 6500 year diatom record from southwestern Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Canadian High Arctic. In: Garneau, M. and B.T. Alt (eds.), Climate Change in the High Arctic. Ottawa, Canada, Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 529: 249-256

Robert S. Anderson 2000: A model of ablation-dominated medial moraines and the generation of debris-mantled glacier snouts. Journal of Glaciology, 46(154): 459-469.

Robert S. Anderson, Ito, E. 2000: A vision for geomorphology and Quaternary science beyond 2000. GSA Today, 10: 14-16.

Alan Fried, Holloway, J. S., Jakoubek, R. O, Parrish, D., Gerbig, C., Volz-Thomas, A., Schmitgen, S., Wert, B. P., Henry, B., Drummond, J.R. 2000: Airborne intercomparison of vacuum ultraviolet fluorescence and tunable diode laser absorption measurements of tropospheric carbon monoxide.. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 105: 24,251-24,261.

Wehmiller, J. F., Gifford H. Miller 2000: Aminostratigraphic dating methods in Quaternary geology. In Noller, J. S., Sowers, J. M., and Lettis, W. R. (eds.), Quaternary Geochronology: Methods and Applications. Washington, D. C.: American Geophysical Union, AGU Reference Shelf 4, 187-222.

Dowdeswell, J.A., Whittington, R.J., Anne JenningsJohn T. Andrews, Mackensen, A., Marienfeld, P. 2000: An origin for laminated glacimarine sediments through sea-ice build-up and suppressed iceberg rafting. Sedimentology 47: 557-576

Jensen, M. E., Redmond, R., DiBenedetto, J., Patrick Bourgeron, Goodman, I. A. 2000: Application of ecological classifications and predictive modeling to broad-level assessment of ecosystem health. Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 64: 197-212.

E. James Dixon 2000: Archeological research gives clues about life in Southeast Alaska four hundred generations ago. In: Fair, S.W. and R. Worl (eds.) Celebration 2000: restoring balance through culture. Jueanu, Alaska, Sealaska Heritage Foundation, pp.55-58

Thompson, R. S., Anderson, K., Bartlein, P. J., Smith, S. A. 2000: Atlas of relations between climatic parameters and distributions of important trees and shrubs in North America: Conifers, hardwoods, and monocots. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1650-C, 386 p.

Thompson, R. S., Anderson, K. 2000: Biomes of western North America at 18,000, 6000 and 0 14C yr BP reconstructed from pollen and packrat midden data. Journal of Biogeography, 27: 555-584.

Bill Bowman 2000: Biotic controls over ecosystem response to environmental change in alpine tundra of the Rocky Mountains. Ambio 29:396-400

Sinton, P., Tim Seastedt, Bennett, B., Bock, C., Bock. J. 2000: C-3 and C-4 species changes identified by delta C-13 values of soil organic matter in a Colorado prairie. Western North American Naturalist, 60(4): 445-450.

O'Grady, D.B., Jaia Syvitski, , Sarg, J.F. 2000: Categorizing the morphologic variability of siliciclastic passive continental margins. Geology 28(3):207-210

Allred, T.M., Edmund Andrews 2000: Channel characteristics, hydrology, and sediment transport of the San Miguel River, southwestern Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 00-4075, 52 p.

Sidorchuk, A.Y., Panin, A.V., Borisova, O.K., Scott EliasJaia Syvitski 2000: Channel morphology and river flow in the northern Russian Plain in the Late Glacial and Holocene. International Journal of Earth Science, 89:541-549

E. James Dixon 2000: Coastal navigators: the first Americans may have come by water . Scientific American Discovering Archaeology 2(1):34-35

Gonzalez, G., Tim Seastedt 2000: Comparison of the abundance and composition of litter fauna in tropical and subalpine forests. Pedobiologica 44:545-555

Jaia Syvitski 2000: Computerized modeling of sedimentary systems . Marine Geology, 170:251-252

Schimel, D., Melillo, J., Tian, H., McGuire, A. D., Kicklighter, D., Timothy Kittel, Rosenbloom, N., Running, S., Thornton, P., Ojima, D., Parton, W., Kelly, R., Sykes, M., Neilson, R., Rizzo, B. 2000: Contribution of increasing CO2 and climate to carbon storage by ecosystems in the United States. Science, 287(5460): 2004-2006. DOI: 10.1126/science.287.5460.2004

Campbell, D.H., Baron, J. S., Tonnessen, K.A., Paul Brooks, Schuster, P.F. 2000: Controls on nitrogen flux in alpine/subalpine watersheds of Colorado . Water Resources Research 36:37-47

Howard, A. J., Keen, D. H., Hollin, J. T. 2000: Correspondence. Reply to: Amino acid dating of a molluscan fauna from Bassingham Fen, Lincolnshire. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 111: 373-374.

Mark Williams, Tonnessen, K.A. 2000: Critical loads for inorganic nitrogen deposition in the Colorado Front Range, USA. Ecological Applications 10(6):1648-1665

Pratson, L., Imran, J., Parker, G., Jaia SyvitskiEric Hutton 2000: Debris flow versus turbidity currents: A modeling comparison of their dynamics and deposits. In Bouma, A. and Stone, C. G. (eds.), AAPG Memoir 72/SEPM Special Publication 68, 7-71.

Alan Fried, Lancaster, D. G., Wert, B., Henry, B., Tittel, F. K. 2000: Difference-frequency-based tunable absorption spectrometer for detection of atmospheric formaldehyde. Applied Optics, 39: 4436-4443.

Bilbrough, C.J., Welker, J.M., Bill Bowman 2000: Early spring nitrogen uptake by snow-covered plants: a comparison of Arctic and Alpine plant function under the snowpack. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 32:404-411

Bromwich, D.H., Rogers, A.N., Kallberg, P., Cullather, R.I., James W. C. White, Kreutz, K.K. 2000: ECMWF Analyses and Re-analyses Depiction of ENSO Signal in Antarctic Precipitation. Journal of Climate 13:1406-1420

Baron, J. S., Rueth, H.M., Wolfe, A.P., Nydick, K., Allstott, E.J., Minear, J.T., Moraska, B. 2000: Ecosystem responses to nitrogen deposition in the Colorado Front Range . Ecosystems 3:352-368

Oberbauer, S. F., Henry Loescher, Clark, D. B. 2000: Effects of climate factors on daytime carbon exchange from an old growth forest in Costa Rica. Selbyana, 21(1-2), 66-73.

Alton C. Byers, Dalen, J. 2000: Efforts to protect biodiversity and promote sustainable forestry in the Appalachian mountains: An interview with West Virginian landowner John Dalen. Mountain Research and Development, 20(3): 232-235.

Diaz, H.F., Vera Markgraf 2000: El Nino and the southern oscillation: multiscale variability and global and regional impacts. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 496 pp.

Jaia Syvitski, Morehead, M.D., , Mulder, T. 2000: Estimating fluvial sediment transport: the rating parameters . Water Resources Research 36(9):2747-2760

John T. Andrews 2000: Explained and unexplained spatial and temporal variability in rates of marine sediment accumulation along the northeast margin of the Laurentide Ice Sheet [less than or equal to] 14 Ka. Journal of Sedimentary Research 70(4):782-787

Jaia Syvitski 2000: Geological perturbations and consequences of extreme and unexpected phenomena in the ocean. Oceanography 13(3):83-117

Herzfeld, U.C., Mayer, H., Mimler, M. 2000: Geostatistical analysis of glacier-roughness data . Annals of Glaciology 30:235-242

Herzfeld, U.C., Stauber, M., Stahl, N. 2000: Geostatistical characterization of ice surfaces from ERS-1 and ERS-2 SAR data, Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland. Annals of Glaciology 30:224-234

Herzfeld, U.C., Stosius, R., Schneider, M. 2000: Geostatistical methods for mapping Antarctic ice surfaces at continental and regional scales. Annals of Glaciology 30:76-82

Battle. M., Bender, M.L., Tans, P. P., James W. C. White, Ellis, J.T., Conway, T., Francey, R.J. 2000: Global carbon sinks and their variability inferred from the atmospheric O2 and d13C. Science 287:2467-2470

Snyder, J.A., Werner, A., Gifford H. Miller 2000: Holocene cirque glacier activity in western Spitsbergen, Svalbard: sediment records from proglacial Linnevatnet. The Holocene 10(5):555-563

Abbott, M.B., Wolfe, B.B., Aravena, R. O., Wolfe, A.P., Seltzer, G.O. 2000: Holocene hydrological reconstructions from stable isotopes and paleolimnology, Cordillera Real, Bolivia. Quaternary Science Reviews 19:1801-1820

Allred, T. M., Edmund Andrews 2000: Hydrology, geomorphology, and sediment transport of the San Miguel River, southwest Colorado. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 2000-4075, 52 p.

Mark Williams, Rikkers, M., W. Tad Pfeffer 2000: Ice columns and frozen rills in a warm snowpack, Green Lakes valley, Colorado, U.S.A. Nordic Hydrology 31(3):169-186

John T. Andrews 2000: Icebergs and iceberg rafted detritus (IRD) in the North Atlantic: facts and assumptions. Oceanography 13(3):100-108

Imran, J., Jaia Syvitski 2000: Impact of extreme river events on the coastal ocean. Oceanography, 13(3): 85-92.

W. Tad Pfeffer, Humphrey, N.F., Amadei, B., Harper, J., Wegmann, J. 2000: In-situ stress tensor measured in an Alaska Glacier . Annals of Glaciology 31:229-235

Clark, C.O., Cole, J.E., Webster, P.J. 2000: Indian Ocean SST and Indian summer rainfall: predictive relationships and their decadal variability. Journal of Climate 13:2503-2519

Cynthia Nevison 2000: Indirect N2O emissions from agriculture. IPCC Expert Meetings on Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Background Papers, pp. 381-397. Tokyo: IPCC/NGGIP/IGES.

Urban, F.E., Cole, J.E., Overpeck, J.T. 2000: Influence of mean climate change on climate variability from a 155-year tropical Pacific coral record. Nature 407:989-993

Pendall, E. 2000: Influence of precipitation seasonality on pinon pine cellulose delta D values. Global Change Biology 6:287-301

Wagner, W. P., Detlev Helmig, Fall, R. 2000: Isoprene biosynthesis in bacillus subtilis via the methulerythritol phosphate pathway. Journal of Natural Products, 63(1): 37-40. DOI: 10.1021/np990286p

William F. ManleyGifford H. Miller, Czywczynski, J. 2000: Kinetics of aspartic acid racemization in Mya and Hiatella; modeling age and paleotemperature of high-latitude Quaternary molluscs. In: Goodfriend, G.A., Collins, M.J., Fogel, M.L., Macko, S.A., and J.F. Wehmiller (eds.), Perspectives in Amino Acid and Protein Geochemistry, New York, Oxford University Press, pp. 202-218

Scott Elias 2000: Late Pleistocene climates of Beringia, based on analysis of fossil beetles . Quaternary Research 53(2):229-235

Briner, J.P., Kaufman, D.S. 2000: Late Pleistocene glaciation of the southwestern Ahklun Mountains, Alaska . Quaternary Research 53(1):13-22

Miller, R.R., Scott Elias 2000: Late-glacial climate in the Maritimes Region, Canada, Reconstructed from mutual climatic range analysis of fossil Coleoptera. Boreas 29:79-88

Áslaug Geirsdóttir, Hardardottir, J., John T. Andrews 2000: Late-Holocene terrestrial glacial history of Miki and I.C. Jacobsen Fjords, East Greenland. The Holocene 10(1):123-134

Kuck, L. R., Smith, Jr., T., Balsley, B. B., Detlev Helmig, Conway, T. J., Tans, P. P., Davis, K., Jensen, M., Bognar, J. A., Vazques Arrieta, R., Rodriguez, R., Birks, J. W. 2000: Measurements of landscape-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in the Peruvian Amazon by vertical profiling through the atmospheric boundary layer . Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(D17): 22137-22146. DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900105

Ganguli, P., Mason, R. P., Abu-saba, K. E., Robert S. Anderson, Flegal, R. 2000: Mercury speciation in mine drainage from the New Idria Quicksilver Mine, California. Environmental Science and Technology, 34(22): 4773-4779. DOI: 10.1021/es991364y

Luterbacher, J., Rickli, R., Tinguely, C., Xoplaki, E., Schupbach, E., Dietrich, D., Husler, J., Ambuhl, M., Pfister, C., Beeli, P., Dietrich, U., Dannecker, A., Davies, T. D., Jones, P. D., Slonosky, V., Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, Maheras, P., Kolyva-Machera, F., Martin-Vide, J., Barriendos, M., Alcoforado, M. J., Nunes, M. F., Jonsson, T., Glaser, R., Jocobeit, J., Beck, C., Phillipp, A., Beyer, U., Kaas, E., Schmith, T., Barring, L., Jonsson, P., Racz, L., Wanner, H. 2000: Monthly mean pressure reconstruction for the Late Maunder Minimum Period (AD 1675-1715). International Journal of Climatology, 20(10): 1049-1066. DOI: 10.1002/1097-0088(200008)20:10<1049::AID-JOC521>3.0.CO;2-6

John F. Hoffecker, Cleghorn, N. 2000: Mousterian hunting patterns in the Northwestern Caucasus and the ecology of the Neanderthals. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 10:368-378

Nelson, A.R., Personius, S.F., Rimando, R.E., Punongbayan, R.S., Tungol, N., Mirabueno, H,, Rasdas, A. 2000: Multiple large earthquakes in the past 1500 years on a fault in metropolitan Manilla, the Philippines. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 90(1):73-85

Serreze, M.C., Walsh, J.E., Chapin III, F.S., Osterkamp, T., Dyurgerov, M., Romanovski, V., Oechel, W.C., Morison, J., Zhang, T., Barry, R. G. 2000: Observational evidence of recent change in the northern high- latitude environment. Climatic Change 46:159-207

Vera Markgraf, Baumgartner, T.R., Bradbury, J.P., Diaz, H.F., Dunbar, R.B., Luckman, B.H., Seltzer, G.O., Swethnam, T.W., Villalba, R. 2000: Palaeoclimate reconstruction along the Pole-Equator-Pole transect of the Americas (PEP1). Quaternary Science Reviews 19;125-140

Wolfe, A. P., Frechette, B., Richard, P. J. H., Gifford H. Miller, Forman, S. L. 2000: Paleoecology of a >90,000-year lacustrine sequence from Fog Lake, Baffin Island, Arctic Canada. Quaternary Science Reviews, 19: 1677-1699. DOI: 10.1016/S0277-3791(00)00086-X

Diane M. McKnight, Howes, B. L., Taylor, C. D., Goehringer, D. D. 2000: Phytoplankton dynamics in a stably stratified Antarctic lake during winter darkness. Journal of Phycology, 36: 852-861.

Vera Markgraf 2000: Pole-Equator-Pole Paleoclimates of the Americas: PEP 1. A Review . In: Smolka, P. and W. Volkheimer (eds.), Southern Hemisphere Paleo- and Neoclimates. Berlin/New York, Springer Verlag. pp. 103-126

Tom Marchitto, Jones, G. A., Goodfriend, G. A., Weidman, C. R. 2000: Precise temporal correlation of Holocene mollusk shells using sclerochronology. Quaternary Research, 53: 236-246. DOI: 10.1006/qres.1999.2107

Baron, J. S., Mark Williams 2000: Preface (to Special Section: Recent Loch Vale Watershed Research) . Water Resources Research 36(1):11-12

Porch, N., Scott Elias 2000: Quaternary beetles: a review and issues for Australian studies . Australian Journal of Entomology 39:1-9

Reasoner, M.A., Jodry, M.A. 2000: Rapid response of alpine timberline vegetation to the Younger Dryas climate oscillation in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. Geology 28(1):51-54

Losleben, M., Pepin, N., Pedrick, S. 2000: Relationships of precipitation chemistry, atmospheric circulation, and elevation at two sites on the Colorado Front Range. Atmospheric Environment 34:1723-1737

Gould, W. 2000: Remote sensing of vegetation, plant species richness, and regional biodiversity hotspots. Ecological Applications 10(6):1861-1870

Forman, S.L., Maslowski, W., John T. AndrewsDavid Lubinski, Steele, M., Zhang, Y., Lammers, R. 2000: Researchers explore Arctic freshwater's role in ocean circulation. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 81(48):169-174

Cynthia Nevison 2000: Review of the IPCC methodology for estimating nitrous oxide emissions associated with agricultural leaching and runoff. Chemosphere—Global Change Science, 2(3-4): 493-500. DOI: 10.1016/S1465-9972(00)00013-1

Whipple, K. X., Hancock, G. S., Robert S. Anderson 2000: River incision into bedrock: Mechanics and the relative efficacy of plucking, abrasion, and cavitation. GSA Bulletin,112(3): 490-503.

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, McGovern, T. H. 2000: Sagas and science: Climate and human impacts in the North Atlantic. In Fitzhugh, W. W. and Ward, E. I. (eds.), Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 385-393.

Asner, G. P., Townsend, A. R., Braswell, B. H. 2000: Satellite observation of El Nino effects on Amazon forest productivity. Geophysical Research Letters, 27(7): 981-984.

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie, Jonsdottir, I. 2000: Sea ice, climate and Icelandic fisheries in historical times. Arctic, 53(4): 383-394.

Smith, L.M., John T. Andrews 2000: Sediment characteristics in iceberg dominated fjords, Kangerlussuaq region. East Greenland. Sedimentary Geology 130(2):11-25

Nummendal, D., Slingerland, R., Lowe, R., Flemings, P., Swift, D., Heller, P., Jaia Syvitski, Simo, T., Paola, C., Ashley, G., Montanez, I. 2000: Sedimentary systems in space and time - high priority National Science Foundation research initiatives in sedimentary geology. GSA Today July 2000:12-15

Steeghs, P., Irina Overeem, Tigrek, S. 2000: Seismic volume attribute analysis of the Cenozoic succession in the L08 block (Southern North Sea). Global and Planetary Change, 27: 245-262. DOI: 10.1016/S0921-8181(01)00069-8

Conley, A.H., Holland, E.A., Tim Seastedt, Parton, W.J. 2000: Simulation of carbon and nitrogen cycling in an alpine tundra . Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 32:147-154

Bahr, D. B., Meier, M. F. 2000: Snow patch and glacier size distributions. Water Resources Research, 36(2): 495-501. DOI: 10.1029/1999WR900319

Tim Seastedt 2000: Soil Fauna and controls of carbon dynamics: Comparisons of rangelands and forests across latitudinal gradients. In: Coleman, D.C. and P. Hendrix (eds.). Soil Arthropods as Webmasters of Ecosystems, CAB International

Howarth, R. W., Jaworski, N., Swaney, D., Townsend, A. R., Billen, G. 2000: Some approaches for assessing human influence on fluxes of nitrogen and organic carbon to estuaries. In Hobbie, J. E. (ed.), Estuarine Synthesis: A synthetic approach to research and practice. Washington D.C.: Island Press.

Erickson, T.A., Mark Williams, Sommerfeld, R.A. 2000: Spatial Statistics of Snowmelt. . In: Bentley, L.R., Sykes, J.F., Brebbia, C.A., Gray, W.G. and G.F. Pinder, (eds.), Proceedings of the XIII International Conference on Computational Methods in Water Resources, Calgary, Canada, June 2000. Rotterdam, A.A. Balkema Publishers, v. 2, pp.1147-1152

Roberts, E.C., Laybourn-Parry, J., Diane M. McKnight, Novarinos, G. 2000: Stratification and dynamics of microbial loop communities in lake Fryxell, Antarctica. Freshwater Biology 44:649-661

Andersson, T., Forman, S.L., Ingolfsson, O., William F. Manley 2000: Stratigraphic and morphologic constraints on the Weichselian glacial history of Northern Prins Karls Forland, Western Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler 82A(4);455-470

Meixner, T. M., Bales, R. C., Mark Williams, Campbell, D. H., Baron, J. S. 2000: Stream chemistry modeling of two watersheds in the Front Range, Colorado. Water Resources Research, 36: 77-88. DOI: 10.1029/1999WR900248

Mayer, H., Herzfeld, U.C. 2000: Structural glaciology of the fast-moving Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland, compared to the surging Bering Glacier, Alaska, U.S.A. Annals of Glaciology 30:243-249

Burbank, D. W., Robert S. Anderson 2000: Tectonic Geomorphology. Blackwell Science, 274 pp.

Robert F. Stallard 2000: Tectonic processes and erosion . In: Jacobson, M.C., Charlson, R.J., Rodhe, H., and Orians, G.H., (eds.), Earth System Science: From Biogeochemical Cycles to Global Change. San Diego, California, Academic Press. pp. 195-229

Baron, J. S., T. Nelson Caine 2000: Temporal coherence of two alpine lake basins of the Colorado Front Range . Freshwater Biology 43:463-476

Turnbull, J., Sparks, R., Prior, P. 2000: Testing the effectiveness of AMS radiocarbon pretreatment and preparation on archaeological textiles. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 172:469-472

Tahirkheli, S.N., Andrews, M. 2000: The Arctic Bibliography: a resource renewed . Geoscience Information Society Proceedings Volume 30:3-9

Coope, G.R., Scott Elias 2000: The environment of Upper Paleolithic (Magdalenian and Azilian) hunters at Hauterive-Champreveyres, Neuchatel, Switzerland, interpreted from coleopteran remains. Journal of Quaternary Science 15(2):157-175

Forman, S.L., David Lubinski, Weihe, R.R. 2000: The Holocene occurrence of reindeer on Franz Josef Land, Russia. The Holocene 10(6):763-768

John T. Andrews, Hardardottir, J., Helgadottir, G., Anne JenningsÁslaug Geirsdóttir, Sveinbjornsdottir, A.E., Schoolfield, S., Kristjansdottir, G.B., Smith, L.M., Thors, K., Jaia Syvitski 2000: The N and W Iceland Shelf: insights into Last Glacial Maximum ice extent and deglaciation based on acoustic stratigraphy and basal radiocarbon AMS dates. Quaternary Science Reviews 19:619-631

Vera Markgraf, Diaz, H.F. 2000: The past ENSO record: a synthesis . In: Diaz, H.F. and V. Markgraf (eds.), El Nino and the southern oscillation: multiscale variability and global and regional impacts. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. pp.465-488

Clifford, S. M., Crisp, D., Fisher, D. A., Herkenhoff, K. E., Smrekar, S. E., Thomas, P. C., Wynn-Williams, D. D., Zurek, R. W., Barnes, J. R., Bills, B. G., Blake, E. W., Calvin, W. M., Cameron, J. M., Carr, M. H., Christensen, P. R., Clark, B. C., Gary Clow, Cutts, J. A., Dahl-Jensen, D., Durham, W. B., Fanale, F. P., Farmer, J. D., Forget, F., Gotto-Azuma, K., Grard, R., Haberle, R. M., Harrison, W., Harvey, R., Howard, A. D., Ingersoll, A. P., James, P. B., Kargel, J. S., Kieffer, H. H., Larsen, J., Lepper, K., Malin, M. C., McCleese, D. J., Murray, B., Nye, J. F., Paige, D. A., Platt, S. R., Plaut, J. J., Reeh, N., Rice, J. W., Smith, D. E., Stoker, C. R., Tanaka, K. L., Mosley-Thompson, E., Thorsteinsson, T., Wood, S. E., Zent, A., Zuber, M. T., Zwally, H. J. 2000: The state and future of Mars polar science and exploration. Icarus, 144(2): 210-242. DOI: 10.1006/icar.1999.6290

Cole, J.E., Dunbar, R.B., McClanahan, R., Muthiga, N.A. 2000: Tropical pacific forcing of decadal SST variability in the Western Indian Ocean over the past two centuries. Science 287:617-619

Dyurgerov, M. B., Meier, M. F. 2000: Twentieth century climate change: Evidence from small glaciers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97(4): 1406-1411. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.97.4.1406

Holland, E. A., Neff, J. C., Townsend, A. R., McKeown, B. 2000: Uncertainties in the temperature sensitivity of decomposition in tropical and subtropical ecosystems: Experimental data and extrapolation with models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14(4): 1137-1151.

Andrew G. Fountain, Dyurgerov, M. 2000: Variability of winter mass balance of Northern Hemisphere glaciers and relations with atmospheric circulation. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 32:64-72

Jackson, S. T., Webb, R. S., Anderson, K., Overpeck, J. T., Webb, III, T., Williams, J. W., Hansen, B. C. S. 2000: Vegetation and environment in eastern North America during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary Science Reviews, 19: 489-508.

Tom Marchitto, Curry, W. B., Oppo, D. W. 2000: Zinc concentrations in benthic foraminifera reflect seawater chemistry. Paleoceanography, 15: 299-306. DOI: 10.1029/1999PA000420