Research Publications

Publications From 2008

Whitlock, C., Dean, W., Rosenbaum, J., Stevens, L., Fritz, S., Bracht, B., Power, M. 2008: A 2650-year-long record of environmental change from northern Yellowstone National Park based on a comparison of multiple proxy data. Quaternary International, 188(1): 126-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2007.06.005

Durand, M., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: A Bayesian approach to snow water equivalent reconstruction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113: D20117. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009894

Lynch, A. H., Leanne Lestak, Uotila, P., Cassano, E. N., Xie, L. 2008: A factorial analysis of storm surge flooding in Barrow, Alaska. Monthly Weather Review, 136(3): 898-912. DOI: 10.1175/2007MWR2121.1

Chung, G., Lansey, K., Blowers, P., Paul Brooks, Ela, W., Stewart, S., Wilson, P. 2008: A general water supply planning model: Evaluation of decentralized treatment. Environmental Modeling and Software, 23(7): 893-905. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2007.10.002

Anderson, R. K., Gifford H. Miller, Briner, J. P., Lifton, N. A.,  2008: A millennial perspective on Arctic warming from 14C in quartz and plants emerging from beneath ice caps. Geophysical Research Letters, 35: L01502. DOI: 10.1029/2007GL032057

Kuester, M. A., Alexander, M. J., Ray, E. A. 2008: A model study of gravity waves over Hurricane Humberto (2001). Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65(10): 3231-3246. DOI: 10.1175/2008JAS2372.1

Wooller, M., Wang, Y., Axford, Y. 2008: A multiple stable isotope record of late Quaternary limnological changes and chironomid paleoecology from northeastern Iceland. Journal of Paleolimnology, 40(1): 63-77.

Scott D. Peckham 2008: A new method for estimating suspended sediment concentrations and deposition rates from satellite imagery based on the physics of plumes. Computers & Geosciences, 34(10): 1198 1222. DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2008.02.009

Petrenko, V. V., Severinghaus, J. P., Brook, E. J., Muhle, J., Headly, M., Harth, C. M., Schaefer, H., Reeh, N., Weiss, R. F., Lowe, D., Smith, A. M. 2008: A novel method for obtaining very large ancient air samples from ablating glacial ice for analyses of methane radiocarbon. Journal of Glaciology, 54(185): 233-244.

Davis, D. D., Seelig, J., Huey, G., Crawford, J., Chen, G., Wang, Y., Buhr, M., Detlev Helmig, Neff, W., Blake, D., Arimoto, R., Eisele, F. 2008: A reassessment of Antarctic plateau reactive nitrogen based on ANTCI 2003 airborne and ground based measurements. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2831 2848. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.07.039

Masson-Delmotte, V., Hou, S., Ekaykin, A., Jouzel, J., Aristarain, A., Bernardo, R. T., Bromwich, D., Cattani, O., Delmotte, M., Falourd, S., Frezzotti, M., Gallee, H., Genoni, L., Isaksson, E., Landais, A., Helsen, M. M., Hoffmann, G., Lopez, J., Morgan, V., Motoyama, H., Noone, D., Oerter, H., Petit, J. R., Royer, A., Uemura, R., Schmidt, G. A., Schlosser, E., Simoes, J. C., Steig, E. J., Stenni, B., Stievenard, M., van den Broeke, M. R., van de Wal, R. S. W., van de Berg, W. J., Vimeux, F., James W. C. White 2008: A review of Antarctic surface snow isotopic composition: Observations, atmospheric circulation, and isotopic modeling. Journal of Climate, 21(13): 3359 3387. DOI: 10.1175/2007JCLI2139.1

Pryor, S. C., Gallagher, M., Sievering, H., Larsen, S. E., Barthelmie, R. J., Birsan, F., Nemitz, E., Rinne, J., Kulmala, M., Grnholm, T., Taipale, R., Vesala, T. 2008: A review of measurement and modelling results of particle atmosphere surface exchange. Tellus Series B Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 60(1):42 75. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2007.00298.x

Curry, W. B., Tom Marchitto 2008: A secondary ionization mass spectrometry calibration of Cibicidoides pachyderma Mg/Ca with temperature. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9(4): Q04009. DOI: 10.1029/2007GC001620

Neff, W., Detlev Helmig, Garchev, A., Davis, D. 2008: A study of boundary layer behavior associated with high NO concentrations at the South Pole using a minisodar, tethered balloon, and sonic anemometer. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2762 2779. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.01.033

Bern, C. R., Townsend, A. R. 2008: Accumulation of atmospheric sulfur in some Costa Rican soils. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G03001. DOI: 10.1029/2008JG000692

Pollock, J. L., Tim Seastedt, Callaway, R. M., Kaur, J. 2008: Allelopathy and plant invasions: traditional, congeneric, and bio-geographical approaches. Biological Invasions, 10(6): 875-890. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-008-9239-9

Inderjit, Tim Seastedt, Callaway, R. M., Pollock, J., Kaur, J. 2008: Allelopathy and plant invasions: Traditional, congeneric, and biogeographical approaches. Biological Invasions, 10(6): 875 890. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-008-9239-9

Malanson, G. P., Butler, D. R., Fagre, D. B., Walsh, S. J., Tomback, D. F., Daniels, L. D., Resler, L. M., Smith, W. K., Weiss, D. J., Peterson, D. L., Bunn, A. G., Hiemstra, C. A., Daniel LiptzinPatrick Bourgeron, Shen, Z., Millar, C. I. 2008: Alpine treeline of Western North America: Linking organism-to-landscape dynamics. Physical Geography, 28(5): 378-396. DOI: 10.2747/0272-3646.28.5.378

Antweiler, R. C., Howard E. Taylor 2008: An evaluation of statistical treatments of left censored environmental data using coincident uncensored datasets: I. summary statistics. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(10): 3732 3738.

Owen Mason, Ganley, M., Sweeney, M., Alix, C., Barber, V. 2008: An Ipiutak outlier: A late 1st millennium AD Qarigi in Golovnin Bay. Final Report on the Qitchauvik Field School, 1998-2000. NPS Technical Report NPS/AR/CRR/2007/67. Anchorage: National Park Service.

Litaor, M. I., Tim Seastedt, Sackett, L. 2008: Analysis of the nutrient status of alpine soils of the Colorado Front Range using the nitrogen: Phosphorus ratio index. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 72(6): 1628 1636. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2006.0434

Eisele, F., Davis, D. D., Detlev Helmig, Oltmans, S. J., Neff, W., Huey, G., Tanner, D., Chen, G., Crawford, J., Arimoto, R., Buhr, M., Mauldin, L., Hutterli, M., Dibb, J., Blake, D., Brooks, S. B., Johnson, B., Roberts, J. M., Wang, Y., Tan, D., Flocke, F. 2008: Antarctic Tropospheric Chemistry Investigation (ANTCI) 2003 overview. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2749 2761. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.04.013

Ortega, J., Detlev Helmig, Daly, R. W., Tanner, D. M., Guenther, A. B., Herrick, J. D. 2008: Approaches for quantifying reactive and low-volatility biogenic organic compound emissions by vegetation enclosure techniques Part B: Applications. Chemosphere, 72(3): 365 380. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.02.054

Ortega, J., Detlev Helmig 2008: Approaches for quantifying reactive and low-volatility biogenic organic compound emissions by vegetation enclosure techniques Part A. Chemosphere, 72(3): 343 364. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.11.020

E. James Dixon 2008: Archaeology and the first Americans. In Pritzker, B. and Johansen, B. E. (eds.), Encyclopedia of American Indian, volume 1: 82-87.Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

Zaneveld, J. R., Nemergut, D. R., Knight, R. 2008: Are all horizontal transfers created equal? Prospects for mechanism based studies of HGT patterns. Microbiology, 154: 1-15. DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.2007/011833-0

, Betancourt, J. L., Gray, S. T., Palecki, M. A., Hidalgo, H. G. 2008: Associations of multi-decadal sea-surface temperature variability with US drought. Quaternary International, 188(1): 31 40.

Thompson, R. S., Anderson, K., Pelltier, R. T., Shafer, S. L., Bartlein, P. J. 2008: Atlas of relations between climatic parameters and distributions of important trees and shrubs in North America: Ecoregions of North America. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1650-E (CD-ROM).

Hoham, R. W., McCay, T. S., Poirier, M. B., Bell, T. 2008: Balsam fir leaf litter extract stimulates growth of the green snow alga Chloromonas rosae var. psychrophelia (Chlorophyta, Volvocales) from Whiteface Mountain, New York. Nova Hedwigia. 86 (1-2): 133 140. DOI: 10.1127/0029-5035/2008/0086-0133

Smith, R. C., Martinson, D. G., Sharon Stammerjohn, Iannuzzi, R. A., Ireson, K. 2008: Bellingshausen and western Antarctic Peninsula region: Pigment biomass and sea-ice spatial/temporal distributions and interannual variability. Deep Sea Research II, 55(18-19): 1949-1963. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.027

Tim Seastedt, Murray, P. 2008: Belowground herbivory in grasslands. In Johnson, S. N. and Murray, P. J. (eds.), Root Feeders: An Ecosystem Perspective. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International.

E. James Dixon 2008: Bifaces from On Your Knees Cave, Southeast Alaska. In Carlson, R. L. and Magne, M. P. R. (eds.), Projectile Point Sequences in Northwestern North America, 35: 11-18. Burnaby, B. C.: Archaeology Press.

Fernandez, D. P., Neff, J. C., Richard Reynolds 2008: Biogeochemical and ecological impacts of livestock grazing in semi-arid southeastern Utah, USA. Journal of Arid Environments, 72(5): 777-791.

Verplanck, P. L., Murphy, S. F., Birkeland, P. W., , Barber, L. B., Schmidt, T. S. 2008: Boulder Creek: A stream ecosystem in an urban landscape. In Raynolds, R. G. (ed.), Roaming the Rocky Mountains and Environs: Geological Field Trips. Geological Society of America Field Guide 10: 217-234. DOI: 10.1130/2008.fld010(11)

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 2008: Bref syslumanna til stiftamtmanns og amtmanns: Environmental images of nineteenth-century Iceland from official letters written by district sheriffs. In Wells, M. (ed.), The Discovery of Nineteenth-Century Scandinavia. Norwich: Norvik Press, 43-56.

Wiles, G. C., Barclay, D. J., Calkin, P. E., Lowell, T. V. 2008: Century to millennial-scale temperature variations for the last two thousand years indicated from glacial geologic records of Southern Alaska. Global and Planetary Change, 60(1-2): 115-125.

Irina OvereemJaia Syvitski 2008: Changing sediment supply in arctic rivers. In Schmidt, J., Cochrane, T., Phillips, C., Elliot, S., Davies, T., and Basher, L., (eds.), Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. Wallingford: IAHS Publication 325, 391 397.

Choi, Y., Vay, S. A., Vadrevu, K. P., Soja, A. J., Woo, J.-H., Nolf, S. R., Sachse, G. W., Diskin, G. S., Blake, D. R., Blake, N. J., Singh, H. B., Avery, M. A., Alan Fried, Pfister, L., Fuelberg, H. E. 2008: Characteristics of the atmospheric CO2 signal as observed over the conterminous United States during INTEX-NA, 2008. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres 113 (D07301). DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008899

Bai, Y., Kosoy, M., Martin, A., Chris Ray, Sheff, K., Chalcraft, L., Collinge, S. K. 2008: Characterization of Bartonella strains isolated from black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 8(1): 1-6. DOI: 10.1089/vbz.2007.0136

Williams, L. B., Haydel, S. E., Giese, R. F., Dennis Eberl 2008: Chemical and mineralogical characteristics of French green clays used for healing. Clays and Clay Minerals, 56(4): 437-452. DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2008.0560403

White, A. F., Schulz, M. S., Vivit, D. V., Blum, A. E., Stonestrom, D. A., Suzanne Anderson 2008: Chemical weathering of a marine terrace chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California, I: Interpreting rates and controls based on soil concentration-depth profiles. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72: 36 68.

Lazar, B., Mark Williams 2008: Climate change in western ski areas: Potential changes in the timing of wet avalanches and snow quality for the Aspen ski area in the years 2030 and 2100. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 51(2-3): 219 228. DOI: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2007.03.015

Flückiger, J. 2008: Climate change: Did you say "fast"?. Science, 321(5889): 650-651. DOI: 10.1126/science.1159821

Snäll, T., O'Hara, R. B., Chris Ray, Collinge, S. K. 2008: Climate-driven spatial dynamics of plague among prairie dog colonies. The American Naturalist, 171(2): 238-248. DOI: 10.1086/525051

Gerber, T. P., Pratson, L., Wolinsky, M. A., Steel, R., Mohr, J., Swenson, J. B., Paola, C. 2008: Clinoform progradation by turbidity currents: Modeling and experiments. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 78(3-4): 220-238. DOI: 10.2110/jsr.2008.023

Tjallingii, R., Claussen, M., Stuut, J.-B. W., Fohlmeister, J., Alexandra Jahn, Bickert, T., Lamy, F., Röhl, U. 2008: Coherent high- and low-latitude control of the northwest African hydrological balance. Nature Geoscience, 1: 670-675. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo289

Goldstein, H. L., Richard Reynolds, Reheis, M. C., Yount, J. C., Neff, J. C. 2008: Compositional trends in aeolian dust along a transect across the southwestern United States. Journal of Geophysical Research Earth Surface, 113(F2): F02S02. DOI: 10.1029/2007JF000751

Sarah A. Spaulding, Hermann, K. A., Johnson, T. 2008: Confirmed distribution of Didymosphenia geminata (Lyngbye) Schmidt in North America. Proceedings, 2007 International Workshop on Didymosphenia geminata, Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2795.

Donselaar, M. E., Irina Overeem 2008: Connectivity of fluvial point-bar deposits: An example from the Miocene Huesca fluvial fan, Ebro Basin, Spain. AAPG Bulletin, 92(9): 1109-1129. DOI: 10.1306/04180807079

Cynthia Nevison, Mahowald, N. M., Doney, S. C., Lima, I. D., van der Werf, G. R., Randerson, J. T., Baker, D. F., Kasibhatla, P., McKinley, G. A. 2008: Contribution of ocean, fossil fuel, land biosphere, and biomass burning carbon fluxes to seasonal and interannual variability in atmospheric CO2. Journal ofGeophysical Research, 113: G01010. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000408

Mickey Glantz 2008: Creeping environmental problems and sustainable development in the Aral Sea basin. Cambridge University Press.

Suzanne Anderson, Bales, R. C., Duffy, C. J. 2008: Critical Zone Observatories: Building a network to advance interdisciplinary study of Earth surface processes. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(1): 7-10. DOI: 10.1180/minmag.2008.072.1.7

Bhowmik, N., Richardson, E. V., Pierre Y. Julien 2008: Daryl B. Simons Hydraulic engineer, researcher, and educator. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering ASCE, 134(3): 287 294.

Racoviteanu, A., Arnaud, Y., Mark Williams, Ordoez, J. 2008: Decadal changes in glacial parameters for the Cordillera Blanca, Peru derived from SPOT 5 satellite imagery and aerial photography. Journal of Glaciology, 54(186): 499 510. DOI: 10.3189/002214308785836922

Vincent, K. R., Edmund Andrews 2008: Depositional settings of sand beaches along whitewater rivers. River Research and Applications, 24(6): 771-788. DOI: 10.1002/rra.1079

Larry BensonHoward E. Taylor, Peterson, K. A., Shattock, B. D., Ramotnik, C. A., Stein, J. R. 2008: Development and evaluation of geochemical methods for the sourcing of archaeological maize. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35(4): 912 921. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2007.06.018

Petrova-Mayor, A., Wulfmeyer V., Petter Weibring 2008: Development of an eye-safe solid-state tunable laser transmitter in the 1.4-1.5 mu m wavelength region based on Cr4+: YAG crystal for lidar applications. Applied Optics, 47(10): 1522-1534. DOI: 10.1364/AO.47.001522

, Coleman, Mark A., Konowal, A. M., May, M. K., Johnson, S., Vieira, N. K. M., Saunders, J. E. 2008: Development of new water temperature criteria to protect Colorado's fisheries. Fisheries, 33(9): 433-443.

Natalie Mladenov, Huntsman-Mapila, P., Wolski, P., Masamba, W. R. L., Diane M. McKnight 2008: Dissolved organic matter accumulation, reactivity, and redox state in groundwater of a recharge wetland. Wetlands,28(3): 747 759.

Fudge, T. J., Humphrey, N. F., Harper, J. T., W. Tad Pfeffer 2008: Diurnal fluctuations in borehole water levels: configuration of the drainage system beneath Bench Glacier, Alaska, USA. Journal of Glaciology, 54(185): 297-306.

Andreev, A. A., David Lubinski, Bobrov, A. A., Ingolfsson, O., Forman, S. L., Tarasov, P. E., Moller, P. 2008: Early Holocene environments on October Revolution Island, Severnaya Zemlya, Arctic Russia. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 267(1-2): 21-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.05.002

Kelsey, H. M., Sherrod, B. L., Nelson, A. R., Brocher, T. M. 2008: Earthquakes generated from bedding plane-parallel reverse faults above an active wedge thrust, Seattle fault zone. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120(11-12): 1581 1597. DOI: 10.1130/B26282.1

Cain, M. L., Bill Bowman, Hacker, S. D. 2008: Ecology. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, 544 pp.

Gardner, E. M., Diane M. McKnight, Lewis, W. M., Matt Miller 2008: Effects of nutrient enrichment on phytoplankton in an alpine lake, Colorado, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40(1): 55-64.

Rinehart, A. J., Vivoni, E. R., Paul Brooks 2008: Effects of vegetation, albedo and radiation sheltering on the distribution of snow in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico. Ecohydrology, 1(3): 253 270. 10.1002/eco.26

Detlev Helmig, Johnson, B. J., Oltmans, S.J., Neff, W., Eisele, F., Davis, D. D. 2008: Elevated ozone in the boundary layer at South Pole. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2788 2803. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.12.032

Green, C. P., Branch, N., Silva, B., Vaughan-Williams, A., Scott Elias, Poole, I., Valcarcel, I. 2008: Environmental evidence. In Mudd, A. and Pears, B. (eds.), Bronze Age Field System at Tower's Fen, Thorney, Peterborough Excavations at Thorney Borrow Pit' 2004-2005. British

Oltmans, S. J., Johnson, B. J., Detlev Helmig 2008: Episodes of high surface ozone amounts at South Pole during summer and their impact on the long-term surface ozone variation. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2804 2816. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.01.020

Thomas, C. Martin, J. G., Goeckede, M., Siqueira, M. B., Foken, T., Law, B. E., Henry Loescher, Katul, G. 2008: Estimating daytime subcanopy respiration from conditional sampling methods applied to mufti-scalar high frequency turbulence time series. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148(8-9): 1210-1229. DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.03.002

Noah P. Molotch, Meixner, T., Mark Williams 2008: Estimating stream chemistry during the snowmelt pulse using a spatially distributed, coupled snowmelt and hydrochemical modeling approach. Water Resources Research, 44: W11429. DOI: 10.1029/2007WR006587

Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: Estimating the distribution of snow water equivalent using remotely sensed snow cover data and a spatially distributed snowmelt model: A multi-resolution, multi-sensor comparison. Advances in Water Resources, 31(11): 1503-1514. DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2008.07.017

Nanus, L., Mark Williams, Campbell, D. H., Elliott, E. M., Kendall, C. 2008: Evaluating regional patterns in nitrate sources to watersheds in national parks of the Rocky Mountains using nitrate isotopes. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 6487 6493. DOI: 10.1021/es800739e

Johnson, B. J., Detlev Helmig, Oltmans, S. J. 2008: Evaluation of ozone measurements from a tethered balloon-sampling platform at South Pole Station in December 2003. Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2780 2787. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.03.043

Justwan, A., Ko, N., Anne Jennings 2008: Evolution of the Irminger and East Icelandic Current systems through the Holocene, revealed by diatom-based sea surface temperature reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(15-16): 1571 1582. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.05.006

Nelson, A. R., Personius, S. F., Buck, J., Bradley, L.-A., Wells, R. E., Schermer, E. R. 2008: Field and laboratory data from an earthquake history study of scarps of the Lake Creek-Boundary Creek Fault between the Elwha River and Siebert Creek, Clallam County, Washington. Washington, D. C.: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 2961.

Kessler, M. A., Robert S. Anderson, Briner, J. P. 2008: Fjord insertion into continental margins by topographic steering of ice. Nature Geoscience, 1(6): 365 369. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo201

Leanne Lestak, Lynch, A. H., Bao, S., Cassano, E. N., William F. Manley, Maslanik, J. A., Peng, M., Xie, L. 2008: Flood model output, bathymetry, topography and related GIS layers for Barrow, Alaska. Cooperative Center for Research in the Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado (Digital media, http://foehn.colorado.edu/nome/HARC/cemeps/nome2).

Joly, C. A., Martinelli, L. A., , Vieira, S. A., Tamashiro, J. Y., Aidar, M., Camargo, P. B., Assis, M. A., Bernacci, L. C., Durigan, G. 2008: Floristic composition structure and function of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest at Serra do Mar State Park: The permanent sample plots. In Sanquetta, C. R. (ed.), Monitoring the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biome with Permanent Sample Plots. Curitiba: RedeMAP & Funpar, 109 148. (In Portuguese.)

Alan FriedJames Walega, Olson, J. R., Crawford, J. H., Chen, G., Petter WeibringDirk Richter, Roller, C., Tittel, F., Heikes, B., Snow, J., Shen, H., O'Sullivan, D., Porter, M., Fuelberg, H., Halland, J., Millet, D. 2008: Formaldehyde over North America and the North Atlantic during the summer 2004 INTEX Campaign: Methods, observed distributions, and measurement-model comparisons. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 113: D10302. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009185

John F. Hoffecker, Holliday, V. T., Anikovich, M. V., Sinitsyn, A. A., Popov, V. V., Lisitsyn, S. N., Levkovskaya, G. M., Pospelova, G. A., Forman, S. L., Giaccio, B. 2008: From the Bay of Naples to the River Don: The Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe. Journal of Human Evolution, 55(5): 858-870. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.08.018

Koc, N., Francus, P., Anderson, D. M., Bradley, R., Kaufman, D., Korhola, A., Gifford H. Miller 2008: Generating and synthesizing paleoclimate data to assess Arctic climate change. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 89(27). DOI: 10.1029/2008EO270007

Daniel R. Muhs, Budhan, J., Johnson, D. L., Reheis, M., Beann, J., Skipp, G., Fisher, E., Jones, J. A. 2008: Geochemical evidence for airborne dust additions to soils in Channel Islands National Park, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 120, p. 106 126.

Stevens, L. R.,  2008: Geochemical evidence for hydroclimatic variability over the last 2650 years from Crevice Lake in Yellowstone National Park. Quaternary International, 188(1): 139-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2007.11.012

Holmes, C. E., Potter, B A., Reuther, J. D., Owen Mason, Thorson, R. M., Bowers, P. M. 2008: Geological and cultural context of the Nogahabara I site. American Antiquity, 73(4): 781-790.

Scott D. Peckham 2008: Geomorphometry and spatial hydrologic modeling. In Hengl, T. and Reuter, H. I. (eds.), Geomorphometry: Concepts, Software and Applications. Developments in Soil Science volume 33. Elsevier: 377 393.

Scott D. Peckham 2008: Geomorphometry in RiverTools. In Hengl, T. and Reuter, H. I. (eds.), Geomorphometry: Concepts, Software and Applications. Developments in Soil Science volume 33. Elsevier: 311 324.

William F. Manley 2008: Geospatial inventory and analysis of glaciers: A case study for the eastern Alaska Range. In Williams, R. S. Jr. and Ferrigno, J. G. (eds.), Glaciers of Alaska: Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World. USGS Professional Paper 1386-K, K424 K439.

Hodson, A., Anesio, A. M., Tranter, M., Andrew G. Fountain, Osborn, M., Priscu, J., Laybourn-Parry, J., Sattler, B. 2008: Glacial ecosystems. Ecological Monographs, 78(1): 41-67.

Briner, J. P., Gifford H. Miller, Finkel, R., Hess, D.P. 2008: Glacial erosion at the fjord onset zone and implications for the organization of ice flow on Baffin Island, Arctic Canada. Geomorphology, 97(1-2): 126 134. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.02.039

Granshaw, F. D., Andrew G. Fountain 2008: Glacier change (1958-1998) in the North Cascades National Park Complex, Washington, USA. Journal of Glaciology, 53(183): 723.

Wollheim, W. M., Vrsmarty, C. J., Bouwman, A. F., Green, P., Harrison, J., Linder, E., Peterson, B. J., Seitzinger, S. J., Jaia Syvitski 2008: Global N removal by freshwater aquatic systems: A spatially distributed, within-basin approach. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB2026. DOI: 10.1029/2007GB002963

Nelson, A. R., Sawai, Y., Anne Jennings, Bradley, L.-A., Gerson, L., Sherrod, B. L., Sabean, J., Horton, B. P. 2008: Great-earthquake paleogeodesy and tsunamis of the past 2000 years at Alsea Bay, central Oregon coast, USA. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(7-8): 747 768.

Diane M. McKnight, Gooseff, M. N., Vincent, W. F., Peterson, B. J. 2008: High latitude rivers and streams. In Vincent, W. F. and Labourn-Parry, J. (eds.), Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems. Oxford University Press, 83 98.

Kao, R. H., Brown, C., Hufbauer, R. A. 2008: High phenotypic and molecular variation in downy brome (Bromus tectorum). Invasive Plant Science and Management, 1 (2): 216 225. DOI: 10.1614/IPSM-07-045.1

Steffensen, J. P., Andersen, K. K., Bigler, M., Clausen, H. B., Dahl-Jensen, D., Fischer, H., Goto-Azuma, K., Hansson, M., Johnsen, S. J., Jouzel, J., Masson-Delmotte, V., Popp, T., Rasmussen, S. O., Rthlisberger, R., Ruth, U., Stauffer, B., Siggaard-Andersen, M.-L., Sveinbjrnsdttir, . E., Svensson, A., James W. C. White 2008: High-resolution Greenland ice core data show abrupt climate change happens in few years. Science, 321(5889): 680 684. DOI: 10.1126/science.1157707

William F. ManleyLeanne LestakEric Parrish 2008: High-resolution orthorectified imagery from 1993 for three target areas in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve (LACL), Southwest Alaska. National Park Service, Southwest Alaska Network I&M Program (Digital media).

Talluto, M. V., Katharine Suding 2008: Historical change in coastal sage scrub in southern California, USA in relation to fire frequency and air pollution. Landscape Ecology, 23(7): 803-815. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-008-9238-3

Whittaker, T. E, Hall, B. L., Hendy, C. H., Sarah A. Spaulding 2008: Holocene depositional environments and surface-level changes at Lake Fryxell, Antarctica. The Holocene 18(5): 775-786. DOI: 10.1177/0959683608091797

John T. Andrews, Hardardttir, J., Stoner, J. S., Principato, S. M. 2008: Holocene sediment magnetic properties along a transect from safjardardjp to Djpll, northwest Iceland. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40(1): 1 14.

Ren, X., Olson, J. R., Crawford, J. H., Brune, W. H., Mao, J., Long, R. B., Chen, Z., Chen, G., Avery, M .A., Sachse, G. W., Barrick, J. D., Diskin, G. S., Huey, L. G., Alan Fried, Cohen, R. C., Heikes, B., Wennberg, P., Singh, H. B., Blake, D. R., Shetter, R. E. 2008: HOx Chemistry during INTEX-A 2004: Observation model calculation and comparison with previous studies. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 113: D05310. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009166

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 2008: Iceland. In Philander, S. G. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications.

Benson, L. Vk 2008: Impact of drought on prehistoric Western Native Americans. In California Drought: An Update 2008. Sacramento: California Department of Water Resources, Sacramento, 28-35.

Cynthia Nevison, Mahowald, N. M., Doney, S. C., Lima, I. D., Cassar, N. 2008: Impact of variable air-sea O2 and CO2 fluxes on atmospheric potential oxygen (APO) and land-ocean carbon sink partitioning. Biogeosciences, 5: 875 889. www.biogeosciences.net/5/875/2008

Kao, R. H. 2008: Implications of polyploidy in the host plant of a dipteran seed parasite. Western North American Naturalist, 68(2): 225-230.

Beedle, M. J., Dyurgerov, M., Tangborn, W., Khalsa, S. J. S., Helm, C., Raup, B., Armstrong, R., Barry, R. G. 2008: Improving estimation of glacier volume change: A GLIMS case study of Bering Glacier System, Alaska. Cryosphere, 2(1): 33 51.

Neff, J. C., Ballantyne, A. P., Famer, G. L., Mahowald, N. M., Conroy, J. L., Landry, C. C., Overpeck, J. T., Painter, T. H., Lawrence, C. R., Richard Reynolds 2008: Increasing eolian dust deposition in the western United States linked to human activity. Nature Geoscience, 1: 189 195. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo133

Nemergut, D. R., Robeson, M. S., Kysela, R. F., Martin, A. P., Schmidt, S. K., Knight, R. 2008: Insights and inferences about integron evolution from genomic data. BMC Genomics, 9: 261. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-9-261

Bern, S., Jaia Syvitski, Trincardi, F. (theme eds.) 2008: Interactions between high-frequency climate changes and deltaic margin architecture. Special theme issue, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 9.

Greaves, M., Caillon, N., Rebaubier, H., Bartoli, G., Bohaty, S., Cacho, I., Clarke, L., Cooper, M., Daunt, C., Delaney, M., deMenocal, P., Dutton, A., Eggins, S., Elderfield, H., Garbe-Schoenberg, D., Goddard, E., Green, D., Groeneveld, J., Hastings, D., Hathorne, E., Kimoto, K., Klinkhammer, G., Labeyrie, L., Lea, D. W., Tom Marchitto, Martinez-Boti, M. A., Mortyn, P. G., Ni, Y., Nuernberg, D., Paradis, G., Pena, L., Quinn, T., Rosenthal, Y., Russell, A., Sagawa, T., Sosdian, S., Stott, L., Tachikawa, K., Tappa, E., Thunell, R., Wilson, P. A. 2008: Interlaboratory comparison study of calibration standards for foraminiferal Mg/Ca thermometry. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9(8): Q08010. DOI: 10.1029/2008GC001974

Shaw, S. B., Harpold, A., Taylor, J. C., Walter, M. T. 2008: Investigating a high-resolution, stream chloride time series from Biscuit Brook catchment, Catskills, NY. Journal of Hydrology, 348(3-4): 245-256. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.10.009

Aleinikoff, J. N., Daniel R. Muhs, Bettis, E. A., III, Johnson, W. C., Fanning, C. M., Benton, R. 2008: Isotopic evidence for the diversity of late Quaternary loess in Nebraska: Glaciogenic and nonglaciogenic sources. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120: 1362 1377. DOI: 10.1130/B26222.1

, Wolock, D. M. 2008: Joint variability of global runoff and global sea surface temperatures. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 9: 816-824. DOI: 10.1175/2008JHM943.1

Brown, P. D., Wurtsbaugh, W. A., Nydick, K. R. 2008: Lakes and forests as determinants of downstream nutrient concentrations in small mountain watersheds. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40(3): 462-469. DOI: 10.1657/1523-0430(07-052)[BROWN]2.0.CO;2

Gruber, S., Scott D. Peckham 2008: Land-surface parameters and objects specific to hydrology. In Hengl, T. and Reuter, H. I. (eds.), Geomorphometry: Concepts, Software and Applications. Developments in Soil Science volume 33. Elsevier: 127 142.

Tania Schoennagel, Smithwick, E. A. H., Turner, M. G. 2008: Landscape heterogeneity following large fires: Insights from Yellowstone National Park, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17(6): 742-753. DOI: 10.1071/WF07146

Refsnider, K. A., Laabs, B. J. C., Plummer, M. A., Mickelson, D. M., Singer, B. S., Caffee, M. W. 2008: Last glacial maximum climate inferences from cosmogenic dating and glacier modeling of the western Uinta ice field, Uinta Mountains, Utah. Quaternary Research, 69(1):130 144. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2007.10.014

Rebolledo, L., Julio Sepúlveda, Lange, C. B., Pantoja, S., Bertrand, S., Hughen, K., Figueroa, D. 2008: Late Holocene marine productivity changes in Northern Patagonia-Chile inferred from a multi-proxy analysis of Jacaf channel sediments. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 80(3): 314-322. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2008.08.016

Owen Sherwood, Guilderson, T., Edinger, E., Ghaleb, B., Risk, M., Scott, D. 2008: Late Holocene radiocarbon variability in Northwest Atlantic slope waters. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275: 146-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.08.019

Meier, C., Bill Bowman 2008: Links between plant litter chemistry, species diversity, and below-ground ecosystem function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 105(50): 19,780-19,785. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0805600105

Robertson, G. P., Allen, V. G., Boody, G., Boose, E. R., Creamer, N. G., Drinkwater, L. E., Gosz, J. R., Lynch, L., Havlin, J. L., Jackson, L. E., Pickett, S. T. A., Pitelka, L., Randall, A., Reed, A. S., Tim Seastedt, Waide, R. B., Wall, D. H. 2008: Long-Term Agricultural Research (LTAR): A research, education, and extension imperative. Bioscience, 58(7): 640 646.

Schaeffer, S. M., Miller, J. B., Bruce H. VaughnJames W. C. White, Bowling, D. R. 2008: Long-term field performance of a tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer for analysis of carbon isotopes of CO2 in forest air. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(17): 5263 5277. www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/5263/2008

Schuster, P. F., Shanley, J. B., Reddy, M. M., Aiken, G. R., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Roth, D. A., Howard E. Taylor, Krabbenhoft, D. P., DeWild, J. F. 2008: Mercury and organic dynamics during runoff episodes from a Northeastern USA watershed. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 187(1-4): 89 108. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-007-9500-3

Durand, M., Noah P. Molotch, Margulis, S. A. 2008: Merging complementary remote sensing datasets in the context of snow water equivalent reconstruction. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112(3): 1212-1225. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2007.08.010

Caruso, B. S., Cox, T. J., Runkel, R. L., Velleux, M. L., Bencala, K. E., Nordstrom, D. K., Pierre Y. Julien, Butler, B. A., Alpers, C. N., Marion, A., Smith, K. S. 2008: Metals fate and transport modelling in streams and watersheds: State of the science and USEPA workshop review. Hydrological Processes, 22(19) Sp. Iss.: 4011-4021. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7114

Frchette, B., de Vernal, A., Guiot, J., Wolfe, A. P., Gifford H. Miller, Fredskild, B., Kerwin, M. W., Richard, P. J. H. 2008: Methodological basis for quantitative reconstruction of air temperature and sunshine from pollen assemblages in Arctic Canada and Greenland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27: 1197 1216. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.02.016

Wanner, H., Beer, J., Buetikofer, J., Crowley, T. J., Cubasch, U., , Goosse, H., Grosjean, M., Joos, F., Kaplan, J. O., Kuettel, M., Mller, S. A., Prentice, I. C., Solomina, O., Stocker, T. F., Tarasov, P., Wagner, M., Widmann, M. 2008: Mid- to late Holocene climate change: An overview. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(19-20): 1791-1828. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.06.013

Richard Reynolds, Rosenbaum, J. G.,  2008: Mineralogic causes of variations in magnetic susceptibility of late Pleistocene and Holocene sediment from Great Salt Lake, Utah. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1352.

Treml, E. A., Halpin, P. N., Urban, D. L.,  2008: Modeling population connectivity by ocean currents: A graph-theoretic approach for marine conservation. Landscape Ecology, 23(Suppl. 1): 19-36. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-007-9138-y

Wobus, C. W., Kean, J. W., Tucker, G. E., Robert S. Anderson 2008: Modeling the evolution of channel shape: Balancing computational efficiency with hydraulic fidelity. Journal of Geophysical Research Earth Surface, 113: F02004. DOI: 10.1029/2007JF000914

Lyons, S., Troch, P. A., Broxton, P., Noah P. MolotchPaul Brooks 2008: Monitoring the timing of snowmelt and the initiation of streamflow using a distributed network of temperature/light sensors. Ecohydrology, 1(3): 215-224. DOI: 10.1002/eco.18

Sakulyanontvittaya T., Duhl, T., Wiedinmyer, C., Detlev Helmig, Matsunaga, S., Potosnak, M., Milford, J., Guenther, A. 2008: Monoterpene and sesquiterpene emission estimates for the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(5): 1623-1629. DOI: 10.1021/es702274e

Paul Brooks, Vivoni, E. R. 2008: Mountain ecohydrology: Quantifying the role of vegetation in the water balance of montane catchments. Ecohydrology, 1(3): 187 192. DOI: 10.1002/eco.27

Chris Jenkins, Wever, T. 2008: Naval mine impact burial prediction using seafloor database, experiment, and GIS technologies. Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, 25(3-4): 199-208. DOI: 10.1080/10641190701688734

Wesley E. LeMasurier 2008: Neogene extension and basin deepening in the West Antarctic rift inferred from comparisons with the East African rift and other analogs. Geology, 36(3): 247 250. DOI: 10.1130/G24363A.1

Barkley, M. P., Palmer, P. I., Kuhn, U., Kesselmeier, J., Chance, K., Kurosu, T. P., Martin, R. V., Detlev Helmig, Guenther, A. 2008: Net ecosystem fluxes of isoprene over tropical South America inferred from GOME observations of HCHO columns. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 113(D20): D20304. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009863

Pearman, P. B., Guisan, A., Broennimann, O., Randin, C. F. 2008: Niche dynamics in space and time. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23(3): 149-158. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.11.005

Detlev Helmig, Johnson, B. J., Warshawsky, M., Morse, T., Neff, W. D., Eisele, F., Davis, D. D. 2008: Nitric oxide in the boundary-layer at South Pole during the Antarctic Tropospheric Chemistry Investigation (ANTCI). Atmospheric Environment, 42(12): 2817 2830. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.03.061

Detlev Helmig, Tanner, D. M., Honrath, R. E., Owen, R. C., Parrish, D. D. 2008: Nonmethane hydrocarbons at Pico Mountain, Azores: 1. Oxidation chemistry in the North Atlantic region. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 113(D20): D20S91. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008930

Honrath, R. E., Detlev Helmig, Owen, R. C., Parrish, D. D., Tanner, D. M. 2008: Nonmethane hydrocarbons at Pico Mountain, Azores: 2. Event-specific analyses of the impacts of mixing and photochemistry on hydrocarbon ratios. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 113(D20): D20S92. DOI: 10.1029/2008JD009832

Eve-Lyn Hinckley, Kendall, C., Loague, K. 2008: Not all water becomes wine: Sulfur inputs as an opportune tracer of hydrochemical losses from vineyards. Water Resources Research, 44(7): W00401. DOI: 10.1029/2007WR006672

Jiang, L., Pu, Z., Nemergut, D. R. 2008: On the importance of the negative selection effect for the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Oikos, 117(4): 488-493. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2008.16401.x

, Romig, J. H., Aleinikoff, J. N., VanSistine, D. P., Yacob, E. Y. 2008: On the origin and age of the Great Sand Dunes, Colorado. Geomorphology,99(1-4): 99 119. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.10.006

Nelson, C. R., Tania Schoennagel, Gregory, E. R. 2008: Opportunities for academic training in the science and practice of restoration within the United States and Canada. Restoration Ecology, 16(2): 225-230. DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2007.00352.x

Racoviteanu, A., Mark Williams, Barry, R. G. 2008: Optical remote sensing of glacier characteristics: A review with focus on the Himalaya. Sensors, 8(5): 3355 3383. DOI: 10.3390/s8053355

Daniel R. Muhs, Bettis, E. A., III, Aleinikoff, J., McGeehin, J. P., Beann, J., Skipp, G., Marshall, B. D., Roberts, H. M., Johnson, W. C., Benton, R. 2008: Origin and paleoclimatic significance of late Quaternary loess in Nebraska: Evidence from stratigraphy, chronology, sedimentology, and geochemistry. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120(11-12): 1378 1407. DOI: 10.1130/B26221.1

Kao, R. H. 2008: Origins and widespread distribution of co-existing polyploids in Arnica cordifolia (Asteraceae). Annals of Botany, 101(1): 145-152.

Daniel R. Muhs, Ager, T. A., Skipp, G., Beann, J., Budahn, J., McGeehin, J. P. 2008: Paleoclimatic significance of chemical weathering in loess-derived paleosols of subarctic central Alaska. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40(2): 396 411.

Kuzmina, S., Scott Elias, Matheus, P., Storer, J. E., Sher, A. 2008: Paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the Last Glacial Maximum, inferred from insect fossils from a tephra buried soil at Tempest Lake, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 267(3-4): 245-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.07.007

Silva-Matos, D. M.,  2008: Palm species distribution and soil moisture in a swampy area of the Atlantic Forest, South-eastern Brazil. Ecotropica, 14: 69 74.

Ross, R. M., Quetin, L. B., Martinson, D. G., Iannuzzi, R. A., Sharon Stammerjohn, Smith, R. C. 2008: Palmer LTER: Patterns of distribution of five dominant zooplankton species in the epipelagic zone west of the Antarctic Peninsula, 1993-2004. Deep-Sea Research II, 55(18-19): 2086-2105. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.037

Vladimir G. Konovalov 2008: Past and prospective change in state of Central Asian glaciers. In Zech, W., Roehringer, I., and Ni, A. (eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Climate Change and Landscape Evolution in the Central Asian Mountains and Surrounding Basins, 89-93. Tashkent, Uzbekistan: Academy of Sciences.

Clayton, J. A.,  2008: Persistence of the surface texture of a gravel-bed river during a large flood. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 33(5): 661 673. DOI: 10.1002/esp.1567

Barrett, J. E., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Doran, P. T., Andrew G. Fountain, Welch, K. A., Lyons, W. B. 2008: Persistent effects of a discrete warming event on a polar desert ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 14(10): 2249-2261. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01641.x

Meier, C., Bill Bowman 2008: Phenolic-rich leaf carbon fractions differentially influence microbial respiration and plant growth. Oecologia, 158(1): 95-107. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-008-1124-9

Katharine Suding, Ashton, I. W., Bechtold, H., Bill Bowman, Mobley, M. L., Winkelman, R. 2008: Plant and microbe contribution to community resilience in a directionally changing environment. Ecological Monographs, 78(3): 313-329. DOI: 10.1890/07-1092.1

Brinkerhoff, R. J., Chris Ray, Thiagarajan, B., Collinge, S. K., Cully, Jr., J. F., Holmes, B., Gage, K. L. 2008: Prairie dog presence affects occurrence patterns of disease vectors on small mammals. Ecography, 31(5): 654-662. DOI: 10.1111/j.0906-7590.2008.05336.x

Marshall, J. D., Blair, J. M., Peters, D. P. C., Okin, G., Rango, A., Mark Williams 2008: Predicting and understanding ecosystem responses to climate change at continental scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6(5): 273-280. DOI: 10.1890/070165

Albert J. KettnerJaia Syvitski 2008: Predicting discharge and sediment flux of the Po River, Italy since the Last Glacial Maximum. In de Boer, P.L., Postma, G., van der Zwan, C. J., Burgess, P. M., and Kukla, P., editors, Analogue and numerical forward modelling of sedimentary systems; from understanding to prediction. International Association of Sedimentologists Special Publication 40, 171 190.

Pearman, P. B., Randin, C. F., Broennimann, O., Vittoz, P., van der Knaap, W. O., Engler, R., Le Lay, G., Zimmermann, N. E., Guisan, A. 2008: Prediction of plant species distributions across six millennia. Ecology Letters, 11(4): 357-369. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01150.x

McGeehin, J. P., Barron, J. A., Anderson, D. M., Verardo, D. J. 2008: Preface: Report motivation and guidance for using this synthesis and assessment report. In Clark, P. U. and Weaver, A. J. (eds.), Abrupt Climate Change. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. Reston, Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey, 1-6.

Vernet, M., Martinson, D., Iannuzzi, R., Sharon Stammerjohn, Kozlowski, W., Sines, K., Smith, R., Garibotti, I. 2008: Primary production within the sea-ice zone west of the Antarctic Peninsula: I. Sea ice, summer mixed layer, and irradiance. Deep Sea Research II, 55(18-19): 2068-2085. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.05.021

Thompson, R. S., Anderson, K., Bartlein, P. J. 2008: Quantitative estimation of bioclimatic parameters from presence/absence vegetation data in North America by the modern analog technique. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(11-12): 1234-1254.

Collins, S. L., Katharine Suding, Cleland, E. E., Batty, M., Pennings, S. C., Gross, K. L., Grace, J. B., Gough, L., Fargione, J. E., Clark, C. M. 2008: Rank clocks and plant community dynamics. Ecology, 89(12): 3534-3541.

Thomas, E. K., Axford, Y., Briner, J. P. 2008: Rapid 20th century environmental change on northeastern Baffin Island, Arctic Canada inferred from a multi-proxy lacustrine record. Journal of Paleolimnology, 40(1): 507-517. DOI: 10.1007/s10933-007-9178-y

Keske, C., Loomis, J. B. 2008: Regional economic contribution and net economic values of opening access to three Colorado Fourteeners. Tourism Economics, 14(2): 249-262. DOI: 10.5367/000000008784460373

, Mueller, E. R., Segura, C., Cress, R., Torizzo, M. 2008: Relation between flow, surface-layer armoring and sediment transport in gravel-bed rivers. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 33(8): 1192 1209. DOI: 10.1002/esp.1607

Barrows, T. T., Scott J. Lehman, Fifield, K. L., De Deckker, P. 2008: Response to comment on Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas Chronozone. Science, 320(5877): 746. DOI: 10.1126/science.1152216

Funk, J. L., Cleland, E. E., Katharine Suding, Zavaleta, E. S. 2008: Restoration through reassembly: Plant traits and invasion resistance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23(12): 695-703. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2008.07.013

Owen Mason 2008: Review of Ernest S. Burch, Social Life in Northwest Alaska. Alaska History, 23 (1&2): 64-66.

Alan Fried, Olson, J. R., James Walega, Crawford, J. H., Chen, G., Petter WeibringDirk Richter, Roller, C., Tittel, F. K., Porter, M., Fuelberg, H., Halland, J., Bertram, T. H., Cohen, R. C., Pickering, K., Heikes, B. G., Snow, J. A., Shen, H., O'Sullivan, D. W., Brune, W. H., Ren, X., Blake, D. R., Blake, N., Sachse, G., Diskin, G. S., Podolske, J., Vay, S. A., Shetter, R. E., Hall, S. R., Anderson, B. E., Thornhill, L., Clarke, A. D., McNaughton, C. S., Singh, H. B., Avery, M. A., Huey, G., Kim, S., Millet, D. B. 2008: Role of convection in redistributing formaldehyde to the upper troposphere over North America and the North Atlantic during the summer 2004 INTEX Campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres 113: D17306. DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009760

Jaisi, D. P., Ji, S., Dong, H., Blake, R. E., Dennis Eberl, Kim, J. 2008: Role of microbial Fe(III) reduction and solution chemistry in aggregation and settling of suspended particles in the Mississippi River delta plain, Louisiana, USA. Clays and Clay Minerals, 56(4): 416-428. DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2008.0560403

Pollmann, J., Detlev HelmigJacques Hueber, Plass-Duelmer, C., Tans, P. P. 2008: Sampling, storage, and analysis of C2-C7 non-methane hydrocarbons from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Cooperative Air Sampling Network glass flasks. Journal of Chromatography A, 1188(2): 75-87. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2008.02.059

Chalcraft, D. R., Cox, S. B., Clark, C., Cleland, E. E., Katharine Suding, Weiher, E., Pennington, D. 2008: Scale-dependent responses of plant biodiversity to nitrogen enrichment. Ecology 89(8): 2165–2171. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/07-0971.1

Katharine Suding, Lavorel, S., Chapin, F. S., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Díaz, S., Garnier, E., Goldberg, D., Hooper, D. U., Jackson, S. T., Navas, M.-L. 2008: Scaling environmental change through the community-level: A trait-based response-and-effect framework for plants. Global Change Biology, 14(5): 1125-1140. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01557.x

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Sharon Stammerjohn, Martinson, D. G., Smith, R. C., Iannuzzi, R. A. 2008: Sea ice in the western Antarctic Peninsula region: Spatio-temporal variability from ecological and climate change perspectives. Deep-Sea Research II, 55: 2041-2058. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.026

Mickey Glantz, Ye, Q. 2008: Sea level change and the coastal urban flooding. In Dando, W. A. (ed.), Climate Change and Variation: A Primer for Teachers. Washington, D. C.: National Council for Geographic Education, 112-121.

Goff, J. A., Chris Jenkins, Williams, S. J. 2008: Seabed mapping and characterization of sediment variability using the usSEABED data base. Continental Shelf Research, 28(4-5): 614-633. DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2007.11.011

Liu, F., Parmenter, R., Paul Brooks, Conklin, M. H., Bales, R. C. 2008: Seasonal and interannual variation of streamflow pathways and biogeochemical implications in semiarid, forested catchments in Valles Caldera, New Mexico. Ecohydrology, 1(3): 239-252. DOI: 10.1002/eco.22

Sakulyanontvittaya T., Guenther, A., Detlev Helmig, Milford, J., Wiedinmyer, C. 2008: Secondary organic aerosol from sesquiterpene and monoterpene emissions in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(23): 8784 8790. DOI: 10.1021/es800817r

Bothner, M. H., Richard Reynolds, Casso, M. A., Storlazzi, C. D., Field, M. E. 2008: Sediment mobility along Molokai s fringing coral reef: Evidence from sediment traps. In Field, M. E., Cochran, S. A., Logan, J. B., and Storlazzi, C. D. (eds.), The Coral Reef of South Moloka i, Hawai i: Portrait of a Sediment-Threatened Fringing Reef. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5101: 147-152.

Cuna, S., Pendall, E., Miller, J. B., Tans, P. P., Dlugokencky, E., James W. C. White 2008: Separating contributions from natural and anthropogenic sources in atmospheric methane from the Black Sea region, Romania. Applied Geochemistry, 23: 2871 2879. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.04.019

Duhl, T. R., Detlev Helmig, Guenther, A. 2008: Sesquiterpene emissions from vegetation: A review. Biogeosciences, 5(3): 761-777.

Li, X. G., Mark Williams 2008: Snowmelt runoff modelling in an arid mountain watershed, Tarim Basin, China. Hydrological Processes, 22(19): 3931 3940. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7098

Harden, J. W., Berhe, A. A., Torn, M., Harte, J., Liu, S., Robert F. Stallard 2008: Soil erosion: Data say C sink. Science, 320(5873): 178-179.

Jaffe, R., Diane M. McKnight, Maie, N., Cory, R., McDowell, W. H., Campbell, J. L. 2008: Spatial and temporal variations in DOM composition in ecosystems: Theimportance of long-term monitoring of optical properties. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113(G4): G04032. DOI: 10.1029/2008JG000683

Okin, G. S., Natalie Mladenov, Wang, L., Cassel, D., Caylor, K. K., Ringrose, S., Macko, S. A. 2008: Spatial patterns of soil nutrients in two southern African savannas. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G02011. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000584

Natalie Mladenov, Pulido-Villena, E., Morales-Baquero, R., Ortega-Retuerta, E., Sommaruga, R., Reche, I. 2008: Spatiotemporal drivers of dissolved organic matter in high alpine lakes: Role of Saharan dust inputs and bacterial activity. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G00D01. DOI: 10.1029/2008JG000699

Cleland, E. E., Clark, C. M., Collins, S. L., Fargione, J. E., Gough, L., Gross, K. L., Milchunas, D. G., Pennings, S. C., Bill Bowman, Burke, I. C., Lauenroth, W. K., Robertson, G. P., Simpson, J. C., Tilman, D., Katharine Suding 2008: Species responses to nitrogen fertilization in herbaceous plant communities, and associated species traits. Ecology, 89(4): 1175. DOI: 10.1890/07-1104.1

Benedict, J. B., Benedict, R. J., Craig M. Lee, Staley, D. M. 2008: Spruce trees from a melting ice patch: Evidence for Holocene climatic change in the Colorado Rocky Mountains, USA. The Holocene, 18(7): 1067 1076.

Owen Sherwood, Jamieson, R., Edinger, E., Wareham, V. 2008: Stable C and N isotopic composition of cold-water corals from the Newfoundland and Labrador continental slope: Examination of trophic, depth and spatial effects. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 55: 1392-1402. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2008.05.013

Ward, L. G., Zaprowski, B. J., Trainer, K. D., P. Thompson Davis 2008: Stratigraphy, pollen history and geochronology of tidal marshes in a Gulf of Maine estuarine system: Climatic and relative sea level impacts. Marine Geology, 256(1-4): 1-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2008.08.004

Patrick Bourgeron, Reynolds, K. M. 2008: Suitability for conservation as a criterion in regional conservation network selection. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17(3): 467-492. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-007-9245-8

Hoffman, M. J., Andrew G. Fountain, Liston, G. E. 2008: Surface energy balance and melt thresholds over 11 years at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(F4): F04014. DOI: 10.1029/2008JF001029

Bothwell, M. L., Sarah A. Spaulding 2008: Synopsis: the 2007 International workshop on Didymosphenia geminata. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2795. (

Bai, Y., Kosoy, M. Y., Chris Ray, Brinkerhoff, R. J., Collinge, S. K. 2008: Temporal and spatial patterns of Bartonella infection in black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). Microbial Ecology, 56(2): 373-382. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-007-9355-6

Andrew G. Fountain, Nylen, T. H., Tranter, M., Bagshaw, E. A. 2008: Temporal variations in physical and chemical features of cryoconite holes on Canada Glacier, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G01S92. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000430

Schaaf, C. B. and others, including, Gary Clow 2008: Terrestrial essential climate variables for climate change assessment, mitigation and adaptation. GTOS 52, Global Terrestrial Observing System. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 42 pp.

Alton C. Byers 2008: The Alpine Conservation Partnership: Protecting and restoring mountain ecosystems, building people's resilience to climate change. Alpine Journal: 210-219.

Chris Jenkins, Bone, Y., Collins, L., Griffiths, C. Hamilton, L. 2008: The Australian seabed in Virtual Globe. Position Magazine, 37: 49 50.

Scott Elias, Crocker, B. 2008: The Bering Land Bridge: A moisture barrier to the dispersal of steppe-tundra biota?. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(27-28) Sp. Iss. SI: 2473-2483. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.09.011

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 2008: The Climatic Research Unit. In Philander, S. G. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications.

Owen Mason, Bigelow, N. H. 2008: The crucible of early to mid-Holocene climate in northern Alaska: Does Northern Archaic represent the People of the Spreading Forest?. Arctic Anthropology, 45(2): 39-70.

Schmidt, S. K., Reed, S. C., Nemergut, D. R., Grandy, A. S., Cory Cleveland, Weintraub, M. N., Hill, A. W., Costello, E. K., Meyer, A. F., Neff, J. C. 2008: The earliest stages of ecosystem succession in high-elevation (5000 metres above sea level), recently deglaciated soils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 275(1653): 2793-2802. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0808

Nemergut, D. R., Townsend, A. R., Sattin, S. R., Freeman, K. R., Fierer, N., Neff, J. C., Bill Bowman, Schadt, C. W., Weintraub, M. N., Schmidt, S. K. 2008: The effects of chronic nitrogen fertilization on alpine tundra soil microbial communities: Implications for carbon and nitrogen cycling. Environmental Microbiology, 10(11): 3093-3105. DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01735.x

Landers, D. H., Simonich, S. L, Jaffe, D. A., Geiser, L. H., Campbell, D. H., Schwindt, A. R., Schreck, C. B., Kent, M. L., Hafner, W. D., Howard E. Taylor, Hageman, K. J., Usenko, S., Ackerman, L. K., Schrlau, J. E., Rose, N. L., Blett, T. F., Erway, M. M. 2008: The Fate, Transport, and Ecological Impacts of Airborne Contaminants in Western National Parks (USA). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA/600/R-07/138, volume 1 and 2. www.nature.nps.gov/air/Studies/air_toxics/wacap.cfm

Walker, M., Johnsen, S., Rasmussen, S. O., Steffensen, J. P., Popp, T., Gibbard, P., Hoek, W. Z., Lowe, J., John T. Andrews, Bjorck, S., Cwynar, L. C., Hughen, K., Kershaw, P., Kromer, B., Litt, T., Lowe, D. J., Nakagawa, T., Newnham, R., Schwander, J. 2008: The Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the base of the Holocene Series/Epoch (Quaternary System/Period) in the NGRIP ice core. Episodes, 31(2): 264 267.

Potts, D. L., Harpole, W. S., Goulden, M. L., Katharine Suding 2008: The impact of invasion and subsequent removal of an exotic thistle, Cynara cardunculus, on CO2 and H2O vapor exchange in a coastal California grassland. Biological Invasions, 10(7): 1073-1084. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-007-9185-y

Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 2008: The Little Ice Age. In Philander, S. G. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications.

Bryan, S. P., Tom Marchitto 2008: The Mg/Ca-temperature proxy in benthic foraminifera: New calibrations from the Florida Straits and a hypothesis regarding Mg/Li. Paleoceanography, 23(2): PA2220. DOI: 10.1029/2007PA001553

Demare, G. R., Astrid E. J. Ogilvie 2008: The Moravian missionaries at the Labrador Coast and their centuries-long contribution to instrumental meteorological observations. Climatic Change, 91(3-4): 423-450. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-008-9420-2

Dunlap, C. E., Alpers, C. N., Bouse, R., Howard E. Taylor, Unruh, D. M., Flegal, A. R. 2008: The persistence of lead from past gasoline emissions and mining drainage in a large riparian system: Evidence from lead isotopes in the Sacramento River, California. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(24): 5935 5948 DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2008.10.006

Janke, J. Frauenfeldeler, R. 2008: The relationship between rock glacier and contributing area parameters in the Front Range of Colorado. Journal of Quaternary Science, 23(2): 153-163. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1133

John T. Andrews 2008: The role of the Iceland Ice Sheet in sediment delivery to the North Atlantic during the late Quaternary: How important was it? Evidence from the area of Denmark Strait. Journal of Quaternary Science, 23(1): 3-20. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1142

Mickey Glantz 2008: The twenty-first century as the climate century. In Dando, W. A. (ed.), Climate Change and Variation: A Primer for Teachers. Washington, D. C.: National Council for Geographic Education, 72 86.

Zlubowska-Woldengen, M., Ko, N., Rasmussen, T. L., Klitgaard-Kristensen, D., Hald, M., Anne Jennings 2008: Time-slice reconstructions of ocean circulation changes on the continental shelf in the Nordic and Barents Seas during the last 16,000 cal yr B.P. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(15-16): 1476 1492. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.04.015

, Hughes-Clarke, J., Anderson, M., Gerber, T., Twichel, D., Ferrari, R., Nittrouer, C., Beaudoin, J., Granet, J., Crockett, J. 2008: Timing and patterns of basin infilling as documented in Lake Powell during a drought. Geology, 36(11): 843-846. DOI: 10.1130/024733A.1

Litaor, M. I., Mark WilliamsTim Seastedt 2008: Topographic controls on snow distribution, soil moisture, and species diversity of herbaceous alpine vegetation, Niwot Ridge, Colorado. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 113: G02008. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000419

Heald, C. L., Goldstein, A. H., Allan, J. D., Aiken, A. C. , Apel, E., Atlas, E. L., Baker, A. K., Bates, T. S., Beyersdorf, A. J., Blake, D. R., Campos, T., Coe, H., Crounse, J. D., DeCarlo, P. F., de Gouw, J. A., Dunlea, E. J., Flocke, F. M., Alan Fried, Goldan, P., Griffin, R. J., Herndon, S. C., Holloway, J. S., Holzinger, R., Jimenez, J. L., Junkermann, W., Kuster, W. C., Lewis, A. C., Meinardi, S., Millet, D. B., Onasch, T., Polidori, A., Quinn, P. K., Riemer, D. D., Roberts, J. M., Salcedo, D., Sive, B., Swanson, A. L., Talbot, R., Warneke, C., Weber, R. J., Petter Weibring, Wennberg, P. O., Wornsnop, D. R., Wittig, A. E., Zhang, R., Zheng, J., Zheng, W. 2008: Total observed organic carbon (TOOC) in the atmosphere: A synthesis of North American observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8: 2007-2025.

Nikki Lovenduski, Gruber, N., Doney, S. C. 2008: Toward a mechanistic understanding of the decadal trends in the Southern Ocean carbon sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB3016. DOI: 10.1029/2007GB003139

Pypker, T. G., Hauck, M., Sulzman, E. W., Unsworth, M. H., Mix, A. C., Kayler, Z., Conklin, D., Kennedy, A., Holly R. Barnard, Bond, B. J. 2008: Toward using δ13C of ecosystem respiration to monitor canopy physiology in complex terrain. Oecologia, 158(3): 399-410. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-008-1154-3

Galloway, J. N., Townsend, A. R., Erisman, J. W., Bekunda, M., Cai, Z. C., Freney, J. R., Martinelli, L. A., Seitzinger, S. P., Sutton, M. A. 2008: Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: Recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science, 320(5878): 889-892. DOI: 10.1126/science.1136674

Patrick Bourgeron, Mujica-Crapanzano, L. 2008: Tree spatial patterns and environmental relationships in the forest-alpine tundra ecotone at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, USA. Ecological Research, 23(3): 589-605. DOI: 10.1007/s11284-007-0413-9

Reed, S. C., Cory Cleveland, Townsend, A. R. 2008: Tree species control rates of free-living nitrogen fixation in a tropical rain forest. Ecology, 89(10): 2924-2934. DOI: 10.1890/07-1430.1

Sharon Stammerjohn, Martinson, D. G., Smith, R. C., Yuan, X., Rind, D. 2008: Trends in Antarctic annual sea ice retreat and advance and their relation to El Nino–Southern Oscillation and Southern Annular Mode variability. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 113: C03S90. DOI: 10.1029/2007JC004269

Dennis Eberl 2008: User's guide to HandLens, a computer program that calculates the chemistry of minerals in mixtures. U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2008-1244.

Gary Clow 2008: USGS polar temperature logging system, description and measurement uncertainties. U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 2 E3. http://pubs.usgs.gov/tm/tm2e3

Leopold, M., Dethier, D., Voelkel, J., Raab, T., Rikert, T. C., T. Nelson Caine 2008: Using geophysical methods to study the shallow subsurface of a sensitive alpine environment, Niwot Ridge, Colorado Front Range, USA. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 40(3): 519-530. DOI: 10.1657/1523-0430(06-124)[LEOPOLD]2.0.CO;2

Bebbington, A., Mark Williams 2008: Water and mining conflicts in Peru. Mountain Research and Development, 28(3/4):190 195. DOI: 10.1659/mrd.1039

Massom, R. A., Sharon Stammerjohn, Lefebvre, W., Harangozo, S. A., Adams, N., Scambos, T. A., Pook, M. J., Fowler, C. 2008: West Antarctic Peninsula sea ice in 2005: Extreme ice compaction and ice edge retreat due to strong anomaly with respect to climate. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 113: C20S20. DOI: 10.1029/2007JC004239

Martinson, D. G., Sharon Stammerjohn, Iannuzzi, R. A., Smith, R. C., Vernet, M. 2008: Western Antarctic Peninsula physical oceanography and spatio-temporal variability. Deep-Sea Research II, 55: 1964-1987. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.038

Cainey, J. M., Sievering, H., Ayers, G. P. 2008: Where to now? A synthesis of current views of the CLAW hypothesis. Environmental Chemistry, 4(6): 406-409. DOI: 10.1071/EN07082

Albert J. Kettner, Gomez, B., Jaia Syvitski 2008: Will human catalysts or climate change have a greater impact on the sediment load of the Waipaoa River in the 21st century?. In Schmidt, J., Cochrane, T., Phillips, C., Elliot, S., Davies, T., and Basher, L., (eds.), Sediment Dynamics in Changing Environments. Wallingford : IAHS Publication 325, 425 431.