Gary Clow

Gary Clow CV

Senior Research Associate

  • Research Geophysicist


  • PhD, Geophysics: University of Utah,

Contact Information

(Office) 303 735-7806


Thermal geophysics, polar sciences, climate change

Research Interests

Heat-transfer processes in earth & planetary systems, polar climate-change detection (past and present), the cryosphere, planetary studies


My research focuses on high-precision temperature measurement, analysis, and modeling to better understand processes in cold earth & planetary systems.  This research focuses on climate-change detection, both past and present, the environmental conditions controlling various features of the cryosphere (e.g., permafrost, ice-covered lakes, cryovolcanoes), and the response of those features to climate change.  In support of these investigations, I have done extensive field work in Antarctica, Greenland, and arctic Alaska.  Modeling studies range from the earth's polar regions to Mars and the outer solar system.


  • Excellence in Partnering Award, National Oceanographic Partnership Program, 2010
  • USGS Science Strategy Success Stories Award, U.S. Geological Survey, 2008
  • Clow Island named in recognition of superior research contributions in Antarctica, U.S. Board on Geographic Names, 2000
  • Superior Service Award, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1998
  • Antarctic Service Medal of the United States, U.S. Department of Defense, 1986


Research Statement

Research programs
Research labs and instruments
  • Temperature-Sensor Calibration Facility (-50°C to +10°C)
  • High-Precision Temperature Logging System for Polar Studies  (standard uncertainty, 3 mK)
LaTeX tutorial materials

All the below materials are in a Google Drive folder.

Active Research

Research Programs



Gary Clow 2018: CVPM 1.1: A flexible heat-transfer modeling system for permafrost. Geoscientific Model Development, 11(12): 4889-4908. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-4889-2018

Cuffey, K. M., Gary Clow, Steig, E. J., Buizert, C., Fudge, T. J., Koutnik, M., Waddington, E. D., Alley, R. B., Severinghaus, J. P. 2016: Deglacial temperature history of West Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(50): 14,249-14,254. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1609132113

Kang WangGary Clow 2021: Newly collected data across Alaska reveal remarkable biases in solar radiation products. International Journal of Climatology, 41(1): 497-512. DOI: 10.1002/joc.6634

Urban, F. E., Gary Clow 2020: DOI/GTN-P climate and active-layer data acquired in the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, 1998–2017. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1092 (ver. 1.1): 71 p. [Supersedes USGS Data Series 1021]. DOI:

Talalay, P., Li, Y., Augustin, L., Gary Clow, Hong, J., Lefebvre, E., Markov, A., Motoyama, H., Ritz, C. 2020: Geothermal heat flux from measured temperature profiles in deep ice boreholes in Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 14: 4021-4037. DOI: 10.5194/tc-14-4021-2020

All publications by Gary Clow >