Vera Markgraf

Vera Markgraf CV

Research Professor Emerita



  • PhD: Bern, Switzerland, 1968

Contact Information

(Home) 719 588-9969
763 N. Pine Cliff Drive, Flagstaff, AZ 86001


South America and Southern Hemisphere paleoclimates; inter-and intra-hemispheric paleoclimate correlations.

Research Interests

Late Quaternary palynology primarily in southern South America and other land areas in the southern hemisphere with focus on reconstruction of past climate, dynamics and forcing of climate change, especially during times of transition, such as the late glacial. Development of national and international research initiative PEP 1 (Paleoclimates Pole-Equator-Pole in the Americas) in context of PAGES-IGCP.


Present Research: High resolution, multi-proxy paleoclimate analysis, using pollen (vegetation history), charcoal (fire history), and stable isotopes (temperature history) from late-Quaternary lake and bog sediments in southern South America, in collaboration with J. W. C. White ( INSTAAR) and E. Pendall (U. Wyoming) and INSTAAR graduate students. International cooperative research: Patagonian Lake Drilling Project (PATO), focusing on recovery and multi-proxy analysis of sediment cores from large, extra-Andean lakes. Editor of volume Interhemispheric Climate Linkages, published in 2000 by Academic Press, representing the outcome of the "Pole-Equator-Pole Paleoclimates of the Americas" (PEP 1) IGBP-PAGES research initiative, that I previously chaired. Co-editor with H.F. Diaz of the volume El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and Global and Regional Impacts, published in 2001 by Cambridge University Press.


  • Distinguished Career Award, American Quaternary Association, 2020
  • Honorary PhD, University of Bern, Switzerland, 2008




Cusminsky, G., Coviaga, C., Ramos, L., Perez, A. P., Schwalb, A., Vera Markgraf, Ariztegui, D., Viehberg, F., Alperin, M. 2020: Characterizing ecoregions in Argentinian Patagonia using extant continental ostracods. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 92(2): e20190459. DOI: 10.1590/0001-3765202020190459

Coviaga, C., Cusminsky, G., Patricia Perez, A., Schwalb, A., Vera Markgraf, Ariztegui, D. 2018: Paleoenvironmental changes during the last 3000 years in Lake Cari-Laufquen (Northern Patagonia, Argentina), inferred from ostracod paleoecology, petrophysical, sedimentological and geochemical data. Holocene, 28(12): 1881-1893. DOI: 10.1177/0959683618798131

Iglesias, V., Vera Markgraf, Whitlock, C. 2016: 17,000 years of vegetation, fire and climate change in the eastern foothills of the Andes (lat. 44°S). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 457: 195-208. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.06.008

Iglesias, V., Whitlock, C., Vera Markgraf, Bianchi, M. M. 2014: Postglacial history of the Patagonian forest/steppe ecotone (41–43°S). Quaternary Science Reviews, 94: 120-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.014

Vera Markgraf, Iglesias, V., Whitlock, C. 2013: Late and postglacial vegetation and fire history from Cordón Serrucho Norte, northern Patagonia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 371: 109-118. DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.12.023

Clark, P. U., Shakun, J. D., Baker, P. A., Bartlein, P. J., Brewer, S., Brook, E., Carlson, A. E., Cheng, H., Kaufman, D. S., Liu, Z. Y., Tom Marchitto, Mix, A. C., Morrill, C., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Pahnke, K., Russell, J. M., Whitlock, C., Adkins, J. F., Blois, J. L., Clark, J., Colman, S. M., Curry, W. B., Flower, B. P., He, F., Johnson, T. C., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Vera Markgraf, McManus, J., Mitrovica, J. X., Moreno, P. I., Williams, J. W. 2012: Global climate evolution during the last deglaciation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(19): E1134-E1142. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1116619109

Vera Markgraf, Huber, U. M. 2010: Late and postglacial vegetation and fire history in Southern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 297(2010): 351 366, DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.08.013

Vera Markgraf, Whitlock, C., Anderson, R. S., Garca, A. 2009: Late Quaternary vegetation and fire history in the northernmost Nothofagus forest region: Malln Vaca Lauquen, Neuqun Province, Argentina. Journal of Quaternary Science, 24(3): 248-258. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1233

Marchant, R., Cleef, A., Harrison, S. P., Hooghiemstra, H., Vera Markgraf, van Boxel, J., Ager, T. A., Almeida, L., Anderson, R., Baied, C., Behling, H., Berrio, J. C., Burbridge, R., Bjorck, S., Byrne, R., Bush, M., Duivenvoorden, J., Flenley, J., De Oliveira, P., van Geel, B., Graf, K., Gosling, W. D., Harbele, S., van der Hammen, T., Hansen, B., Horn, S., Kuhry, P., Ledru, M.-P., Mayle, F., Leyden, B., Lozano-Garcia, S., Melief, A. M., Moreno, P., Moar, N. T., Prieto, A., van Reenen, G., Salgado-Labouriau, M., Schaebitz, F., Schreve-Brinkman, E. J., Wille, M. 2009: Pollen-based biome reconstructions for Latin America at 0, 6000 and 18,000 radiocarbon years ago. Climate of the Past, 5(4): 725 767.

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