Research Publications

Publications by Scott J. Lehman

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Basu, S., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman 2016: Separation of biospheric and fossil fuel fluxes of CO2 by atmospheric inversion of CO2 and 14CO2 measurements: Observation System Simulations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(9): 5665-5683. DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-5665-2016

Scott J. Lehman, Miller, J. B., Wolak, C., Southon J., Tans, P. P., Monzka, S. A., Sweeney, C., Andrews, A., LaFranchi, B., Guilderson, T. P., Fischer, M. A., Turnbull, J. C. 2013: Allocation of terrestrial carbon sources using 14CO2: Methods, measurement, and modeling. Radiocarbon, 55(2-3): 1484-1495. DOI: 10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16392

Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman, Montzka, S. A., Sweeney, C., Miller, B. R., Karion, A., Chad Wolak, Dlugokencky, E. J., Southon, J., Turnbull, J. C., Tans, P. P. 2012: Linking emissions of fossil fuel CO2 and other anthropogenic trace gases using atmospheric (CO2)-C-14. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 117: D08302. DOI: 10.1029/2011JD017048

Turnbull, J. C., Scott J. Lehman, Miller, J. B., Tans, P. P., Sparks, R. J., Southon, J. 2007: A new high-precision 14CO2 time series for North American continental air. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112: D11310. DOI: 10.1029/2006JD008184

Hughen, K., Scott J. Lehman, Southon, J., Overpeck, J., Marchal, O., Herring, C., Turnbull, J. 2004: 14C activity and global carbon cycle changes over the past 50,000 years. Science, 303(5655): 202-207. DOI: 10.1126/science.1090300

Scott J. Lehman, Keigwin, L. D. 1992: Sudden changes in North Atlantic circulation during the last deglaciation. Nature, 356: 757-762. DOI: 10.1038/356757a0

Hu, L., Montzka, S.A., Scott J. Lehman, Godwin, D.S., Miller, B.R., Andrews, A.E., Thoning, K., Miller, J.B., Sweeney, C., Siso, C., Elkins, J.W., Hall, B.D., Mondeel, D.J., Nance, D., Nehrkorn, T., Mountain, M., Fischer, M.L., Biraud, S.C., Chen, H., Tans, P.P. 2017: Considerable contribution of the Montreal Protocol to declining greenhouse gas emissions from the United States. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(15): 8075-8083. DOI: 10.1002/2017GL074388

Hammer, S., Friedrich, R., Kromer, B., Cherkinsky, A., Scott J. Lehman, Meijer, H. A. J., Nakamura, T., Palonen, V., Reimer, R. W., Smith, A. M., Southon, J. R., Szidat, S., Turnbull, J., Uchida, M. 2017: Compatibility of atmospheric 14CO2 measurements: Comparing the Heidelberg low-level counting facility to international accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) laboratories. Radiocarbon, 59(3): 875-883. DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2016.62

van der Kaars, S., Gifford H. Miller, Turney, C. S. M., Cook, E. J., Nuernberg, D., Schoenfeld, J., Kershaw, A. P., Scott J. Lehman 2017: Humans rather than climate the primary cause of Pleistocene megafaunal extinction in Australia. Nature Communications, 8: article 14142. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14142

Hu, L., Montzka, S. A., Miller, B. R., Andrews, A. E., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman, Sweeney, C., Miller, S. M., Thoning, K., Siso, C., Atlas, E. L., Blake, D. R., de Gouw, J., Gilman, J. B., Dutton, G., Elkins, J. W., Hall, B., Chen, H., Fischer, M. L., Mountain, M. E., Nehrkorn, T., Biraud, S. C., Moore, F. L., Tans, P. 2016: Continued emissions of carbon tetrachloride from the United States nearly two decades after its phaseout for dispersive uses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(11): 2880-2885. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1522284113

Gifford H. Miller, Magee, J., Smith, M., Spooner, N., Baynes, A., Scott J. Lehman, Fogel, M., Johnston, H., Williams, D., Clark, P., Florian, C., Holst, R. 2016: Human predation contributed to the extinction of the Australian megafaunal bird Genyornis newtoni ~47 ka. Nature Communications, 7: article 10496. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10496

LaFranchi, B. W., McFarlane, K. J., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman, Phillips, C. L., Andrews, A. E., Tans, P. P., Chen, H., Liu, Z., Turnbull, J. C., Xu, X., Guilderson, T. P. 2016: Strong regional atmospheric 14C signature of respired CO2 observed from a tall tower over the midwestern United States. Journal of Geophysical Research—Biogeosciences, 121(8): 2275-2295. DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003271

Hu, L., Montzka, S. A., Miller, J. B., Andrews, A. E., Scott J. Lehman, Miller, B. R., Thoning, K., Sweeney, C., Chen, H., Godwin, D. S., Masarie, K., Bruhwiler, L., Fischer, M. L., Biraud, S. C., Torn, M. S., Mountain, M., Nehrkorn, T., Eluszkiewicz, J., Miller, S., Draxler, R. R., Stein, A. F., Hall, B. D., Elkins, J. W., Tans, P. P. 2015: US emissions of HFC-134a derived for 2008-2012 from an extensive flask-air sampling network. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 120(2): 801-825. DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022617

Phillips, C. L., McFarlane, K. J., LaFranchi, B., Desai, A. R., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman 2015: Observations of 14CO2 in ecosystem respiration from a temperate deciduous forest in Northern Wisconsin. Journal of Geophysical Research—Biogeosciences, 120(4): 600-616. DOI: 10.1002/2014JG002808

Turnbull, J. C., Zondervan, A., Kaiser, J., Norris, M., Dahl, J., Baisden, T., Scott J. Lehman 2015: High-precision atmospheric 14CO2 measurement at the Rafter Radiocarbon Laboratory. Radiocarbon, 57(3): 377-388. DOI: 10.1017/S0033822200056770

Keigwin, L. D., Scott J. Lehman 2015: Radiocarbon evidence for a possible abyssal front near 3.1 km in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 425: 93-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.025

Turnbull, J. C., Sweeney, C., Karion, A., Newberger, T., Scott J. Lehman, Tans, P. P., Davis, K. J., Lauvaux, T., Miles, N. L., Richardson, S. J., Cambaliza, M. O., Shepson, P. B., Gurney, K., Patarasuk, R., Razlivanov, I. 2015: Toward quantification and source sector identification of fossil fuel CO2 emissions from an urban area: Results from the INFLUX experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres, 120(1): 292-312. DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022555

LaFranchi, B. W., Petron, G., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman, Andrews, A. E., Dlugokencky, E., Miller, B. R., Montzka, S. A., Hall, B., Neff, W., Sweeney, C., Jocelyn Turnbull, Wolfe, D., Tans, P. P., Guilderson, T. P. 2013: Constraints on emissions of carbon monoxide, methane, and a suite of hydrocarbons in the Colorado Front Range using observations of 14CO2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(21): 11,101-11,120. DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-11101-2013

Lopez, M., Schmidt, M., Delmotte, M., Colomb, A., Gros, V., Janssen, C., Scott J. Lehman, Mondelain, D., Perrusel, O., Ramonet, M., Xuereuf-Remy, I., Bousquet, P. 2013: CO, NOx and 13CO2 as tracers for fossil fuel CO2: Results of a pilot study in Paris during winter 2010. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13: 7343-7358. DOI: 10.5194/acp-13-7343-2013

Miller, J., Scott J. Lehman, and 18 others 2013: Initial results of an Inter-comparison of AMS-based atmospheric 14CO2 measurements. Radiocarbon, 55(2-3): 1475-1483.

Gifford H. Miller, Geirsdottir, A., Zhong, Y., Darren Larsen, Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Holland, M. M., Bailey, D. A., Refsnider, K. A., Scott J. Lehman, Southon, J. R., Anderson, C., Bjornsson, H., Thordarson, T. 2012: Abrupt onset of the Little Ice Age triggered by volcanism and sustained by sea-ice/ocean feedbacks. Geophysical Research Letters, 39: L02708. DOI: 10.1029/2011GL050168

Turnbull, J. C., Tans, P. P., Scott J. Lehman, Baker, D., Conway, T. J., Chung, Y. S., Gregg, J., Miller, J. B., Southon, J. R., Zhou, L.-X. 2011: Atmospheric observations of carbon monoxide and fossil fuel CO2 emissions from East Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116: D24306. DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016691

Turnbull, J. C., Karion, A., Fischer, M.L ., Faloona, I., Guilderson, T., Scott J. Lehman, Miller, B. R., Miller, J. B., Montzka, S., Sherwood, T., Saripalli, S., Sweeney, C., Tans, P. P. 2011: Assessment of fossil fuel carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento, California in spring 2009. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11: 705 721, DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-705-2011

Sejrup, H. P., Scott J. Lehman, Haflidason, H., Noone, D., Muscheler, R., Berstad, I. M., John T. Andrews 2010: Response of Norwegian Sea temperature to solar forcing since 1000 A.D. Journal of Geophysical Research—Oceans, 115: C12034. DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006264

Turnbull, J. C., Scott J. LehmanSteve MorganChad Wolak 2010: A new automated extraction system for 14C measurement for atmospheric CO2. Radiocarbon, 52(3) special issue 2: 1261-1269.

Turnbull, J. C., Miller, J. B. M., Scott J. Lehman, Peters, W., Tans, P. P., Southon, J., Hurst, D., Montzka, S., Elkins, J., Mondeel, D. J., Elansky, N., Skorokhod, A. 2009: Spatial distribution of 14CO2 across Eurasia: measurements from the TROICA-8 expedition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 9: 175 187, DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-175-2009

Barrows, T. T., Scott J. Lehman, Fifield, K. L., De Deckker, P. 2008: Response to comment on Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas Chronozone. Science, 320(5877): 746. DOI: 10.1126/science.1152216

Barrows, T. T., Scott J. Lehman, Fifield, K. L., De Deckker, P. 2007: Absence of cooling in New Zealand and the adjacent ocean during the Younger Dryas Chronozone. Science, 318: 86 89.

Hughen, K., Southon, J., Scott J. Lehman, Bertrand, C., Turnbull, J. 2007: Updated Cariaco Basin 14C calibration and activity record of the past 50,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews. 25(23-24): 3216 3227. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.03.014

Turnbull, J. C., Miller, J. B., Scott J. Lehman, Tans, P. P., Sparks, R. J., Southon, J. 2006: Comparison of 14CO2, CO, and SF6 as tracers for recently added fossil fuel CO2 in the atmosphere and implications for biological CO2 exchange. Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (1): article L01817.

Landvik, J. Y., Ingolfsson, O., Meinert, J., Scott J. Lehman, Solheim, A., Elverhoi, A., Ottesen, D. 2005: Rethinking Late Weichselian ice sheet dynamics in coastal NW Svalbard. Boreas, 34 (1): 7 24.

Sigman, D. M., Scott J. Lehman, Oppo, D. W. 2003: Evaluating mechanisms of nutrient depletion and C-13 enrichment in the intermediate-depth Atlantic during the last ice age. Paleoceanography, 18(3): article 1072. DOI: 10.1029/2002PA000818

Rasmussen, T. L., Oppo, D. W., Thomsen, E., Scott J. Lehman 2003: Deep sea records from the southeast Labrador Sea: Ocean circulation changes and ice-rafting events during the last 160,000 years. Paleoceanography, 18(1): article 1018.

Scott J. Lehman, Sachs, J. P., Crotwell, A. M., Keigwin, L. D., Boyle, E. A. 2002: Relation of subtropical Atlantic temperature, high-latitude ice rafting, deep water formation, and European climate 130,000-60,000 years ago. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21(18-19): 1917-1924. DOI: 10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00078-1

Sachs, J. P., Anderson, R. F., Scott J. Lehman 2001: Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic ocean. Science, 293: 2077-2079.

Rosell-Mele, A., Bard, E., Scott J. Lehman 2001: Precision of the current methods to measure alkenone relative (U37K') and absolute abundance in sediments: Results of an inter-laboratory comparison study. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2(7). DOI: 10.1029/2000GC000141

Cortijo, E., Scott J. Lehman, Keigwin, L.D., Chapman, M., Paillard, D., Labeyrie, L. 1999: Changes in meridional temperature gradient (30 deg to 72 deg N) in the North Atlantic during the Last Interglacial period. Paleoceanography 14:23-33

Josenhans, H., Scott J. Lehman 1999: Late glacial stratigraphy and history of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada . Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 36(8):1327-1345

Sachs, J., Scott J. Lehman 1999: Subtropical Atlantic temperatures 60,000 to 30,000 years ago. Science, 286: 756-759.

Hughen, K.A., Overpeck, J.T., Scott J. Lehman, Kashgarian, M., Southon, J., Peterson, L.C., Alley, R.B., Sigman, D.M. 1998: Deglaciation changes in ocean circulation from an extended radiocarbon calibration. Letters to Nature. Nature, 391: 65-68. DOI: 10.1038/34150

Hughen, K. A., Overpeck, J. T., Scott J. Lehman, Kashgarian, M., Southon, J., Peterson, L. C. 1998: A new 14C calibration data set for the last deglaciation based on marine varves. Radiocarbon, 40(1): 483-494. DOI: 10.1017/S0033822200018361

Hughen, K., Overpeck, J., Scott J. Lehman, Kashgarian, M., Peterson, L. C., Alley, R., Sigman, D. M. 1997: Deglacial changes in ocean circulation from an extended 14C calibration. Nature, 391: 65-68.

Webb, R.S., Rind, D.H., Scott J. Lehman, Healy, R.J., Sigman, D. 1997: Influence of ocean heat transport on the climate of the Last Glacial Maximum . Nature 385: 695-699

Oppo, D., Horowitz, M., Scott J. Lehman 1997: Marine core evidence for reduced deep water production during Termination II followed by a relatively stable MIS 5e (Eemian). Paleoceanography 12:51-63

Scott J. Lehman 1997: Sudden end of an interglacial. Nature, 390: 117-119.

Brook, E. J., Nesje, A., Scott J. Lehman, Yiou, F., Raisbeck, G. 1996: Cosmogenic nuclide exposure ages along a vertical transect in Western Norway: Implications for thickness of the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet. Geology, 24: 207-210.

Polyak, L., Scott J. Lehman, Gattaullin, V., Jull, A. J. T. 1995: Two-step deglaciation of the southeastern Barents Sea. Geology, 23(6): 567-571.

Scott J. Lehman 1995: Variability of Atlantic Thermohaline circulation on sub-millenial time-scales. Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, pp. 533-541.

Andersen, E. S., Ostmo, S. R., Forsberg, C. F., Scott J. Lehman 1995: Late- and postglacial depositional environments in the Norwegian Trench, northern North Sea. Boreas, 24: 47-64.

Oppo, D., Scott J. Lehman 1995: Suborbital timescale variability of North Atlantic Deep Water during the past 200,000 years. Paleoceanography, 10(5): 901-911. DOI: 10.1029/95PA02089

Keigwin, L. D., Curry, W. B., Scott J. Lehman, Johnsen, S. 1994: The role of the deep ocean in North Atlantic climate change between 70-kyr and 130-kyr ago. Nature, 371(6495): 323-326. DOI: 10.1038/371323a0

Scott J. Lehman, Keigwin, L. D. 1994: Deep circulation change linked to Heinrich Event 1 and Younger Dryas in a mid-depth North Atlantic core. Paleoceanography, 9: 185-194.

Scott J. Lehman, Wright, D. G., Stocker, T. F. 1993: Transport of freshwater into the deep ocean by the conveyor. In Peltier, W. R. (ed.), NATO ASI Series I “Global Environmental Change,” v. 12 Ice in the Climate System, pp. 187-209.

Forman, S. L., Scott J. Lehman, Briggs, W. M. 1993: Assessing the completeness of the deglacial-marine stratigraphic record on west Spitsbergen by accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon dating. Boreas, 22: 1-6.

Scott J. Lehman, Keigwin, L. D. 1992: Deep-sea sediments reveal. Oceanus, 35(4): 89-92.

Scott J. Lehman, Jones, G. A., Keigwin, L. D., Andersen, E. S., Butenko, G., Ostmo, S. R. 1991: Initiation of Fennoscandian ice-sheet retreat during the last deglaciation. Nature, 349(6309): 513-516. DOI: 10.1038/349513a0

Keigwin, L. D., Jones, G. A., Scott J. Lehman, Boyle, E. A. 1991: Deglacial meltwater discharge, North Atlantic Deep Circulation, and abrupt climate change. Journal of Geophysical Research—Oceans, 96(C9): 16,811-16,826. DOI: 10.1029/91JC01624

Gifford H. Miller, Sejrup, H. P., Scott J. Lehman, Forman, S. L. 1989: Glacial history and marine environmental change during the last interglacial- glacial cycle, western Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Boreas, 18: 273-296.

Gifford H. Miller, Sejrup, H. P., Scott J. Lehman, Forman, S. L. 1987: The last glacial-interglacial cycle, western Spitsbergen, Svalbard archipelago. Polar Research, 5(ns): 279-280.

Scott J. Lehman, Forman, S. L. 1992: Glacier extent and sea level variation during the Late Weichselian on northwestern Spitsbergen. Polar Research, 5: 279-280.

Scott J. LehmanForman, S. L. 1982: Late Weichselian glacier retreat in Kongsfjord, West Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Quaternary Research, 37: 139-154.