Research Publications

Publications by Bill Bowman

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Komatsu, K. J., et al., including, Bill BowmanKatharine Suding 2019: Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(36): 17,867-17,873. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1819027116

Clark, C. M., Sam Simkin, Allen, E. B., Bill Bowman, Belnap, J., Brooks, M. L., Collins, S. L., Geiser, L. H., Gilliam, F. S., Jovan, S. E., Pardo, L. H., Schulz, B. K., Stevens, C. J., Katharine Suding, Throop, H. L., Waller, D. M. 2019: Potential vulnerability of 348 herbaceous species to atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulfur in the United States. Nature Plants, 5(7): 697-705. DOI: 10.1038/s41477-019-0442-8

Potter, T. S., Owens, W. M., Bill Bowman 2019: Do plant-microbe interactions and aluminum tolerance influence alpine sedge species' responses to nitrogen deposition?. Ecosphere, 10(7): article e02775. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2775

Bill Bowman, Swatling-Holcomb, S. 2018: The roles of stochasticity and biotic interactions in the spatial patterning of plant species in alpine communities. Journal of Vegetation Science, 29(1): 25-33. DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12583

Fornwalt, P. J., Rhoades, C. C., Hubbard, R. M., Harris, R. L., Faist, A. M., Bill Bowman 2018: Short-term understory plant community responses to salvage logging in beetle-affected lodgepole pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 409: 84-93. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.10.056

Sam Simkin, Allen, E. B., Bill Bowman, Clark, C. M., Belnap, J., Brooks, M. L., Cade, B. S., Collins, S. L., Geiser, L. H., Gilliam, F. S., Jovan, S. E., Pardo, L. H., Schulz, B. K., Stevens, C. J., Katharine Suding, Throop, H. L., Waller, D. M. 2016: Conditional vulnerability of plant diversity to atmospheric nitrogen deposition across the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(15): 4086-4091. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1515241113

Pardo, L. H., Robin-Abbott, M. J., Fenn, M. E., Goodale, C. L., Geiser, L. H., Driscoll, C. T., Allen, E. B., Baron, J. S., Bobbink, R., Bill Bowman, Clark, C. M., Emmett, B., Gilliam, F. S., Greaver, T. L., Hall, S. J., Lilleskov, E. A., Liu, L., Lynch, J. A., Nadelhoffer, K. J., Perakis, S. S., Stoddard, J. L., Weathers, K. C., Dennis, R. L. 2015: Empirical critical loads for nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States. In de Vries, W., Hettelingh, J.-P., and Posch, M. (eds.), Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 129-169.

McDonnell, T. C., Belyazid, S., Sullivan, T. J., Sverdrup, H., Bill Bowman, Porter, E. M. 2014: Modeled subalpine plant community response to climate change and atmospheric nitrogen deposition in Rocky Mountain National Park, USA. Environmental Pollution, 187: 55-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.021

Porter, E. M., Bill Bowman, Clark, C. M., Compton, J. E., Pardo, L. H., Soong, J. L. 2013: Interactive effects of anthropogenic nitrogen enrichment and climate change on terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. Biogeochemistry, 114(1-3): 93-120. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-012-9803-3

Darrouzet-Nardi, A., Erbland, J., Bill Bowman, Savarino, J., Williams, M. W. 2012: Landscape-level nitrogen import and export in an ecosystem with complex terrain, Colorado Front Range. Biogeochemistry, 109(1-3): 271-285. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-011-9625-8

Bill Bowman, Murgel, J., Blett, T., Porter, E. 2012: Nitrogen critical loads for alpine vegetation and soils in Rocky Mountain National Park. Journal of Environmental Management, 103: 165-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.03.002

Sverdrup, H., McDonnell, T. C., Sullivan, T. J., Nihlgård, B., Belyazid, S., Rihm, B., Porter, E., Bill Bowman, Geiser, L. 2012: Testing the feasibility of using the ForSAFE-VEG model to map the critical load of nitrogen to protect plant biodiversity in the Rocky Mountains region, USA. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 223(1): 371-387. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0865-y

Darrouzet-Nardi, A., Bill Bowman 2011: Hot spots of inorganic nitrogen availability in an alpine-subalpine ecosystem, Colorado Front Range. Ecosystems, 14(5): 848-863. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9450-x

Pardo, L. H., Fenn, M., Goodale, C., Geiser, L., Driscoll, C., Allen, E., Baron, J. S., Bobbink, R., Bill Bowman, Clark, C., Emmett, B., Gilliam, F., Greaver, T., Hall, S., Lilleskov, E., Liu, L., Lynch, J., Nadelhoffer, K., Perakis, S., Robin-Abbott, M., Stoddard, J., Weathers, K., Dennis, R. 2011: Effects of nitrogen deposition and empirical nitrogen critical loads for ecoregions of the United States. Ecological Applications, 21(8): 3049-3082. DOI: 10.1890/10-2341.1

Bill Bowman, Baron, J. S., Fenn, M., Geiser, L., Lilleskov, E. 2011: Northwest forested mountains. In Critical Loads for North American Ecoregions. USDA Forest Service Publication.

Cain, M. L., Bill Bowman, Hacker, S. D. 2011: Ecology, second edition. Sinauer and Associates.

Lieb, A. M., Darrouzet-Nardi, A., Bill Bowman 2011: Nitrogen deposition decreases acid buffering capacity of alpine soils in the southern Rocky Mountains. Geoderma, 164(3-4): 220 224. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.06.013

Meier, C., Bill Bowman 2010: Chemical composition and diversity influence non-additive effects of litter mixtures on soil carbon and nitrogen cycling: Implications for plant species loss. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 42(9): 1447-1454. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.05.005

Meier, C., Keyserling, K., Bill Bowman 2009: Fine root inputs to soil reduce growth of a neighbouring plant via distinct mechanisms dependent on root carbon chemistry. Journal of Ecology, 97(5): 941-949. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2009.01537.x

Cleland, E. E., Clark, C. M., Collins, S. L., Fargione, J. E., Gough, L., Gross, K. L., Milchunas, D. G., Pennings, S. C., Bill Bowman, Burke, I. C., Lauenroth, W. K., Robertson, G. P., Simpson, J. C., Tilman, D., Katharine Suding 2008: Species responses to nitrogen fertilization in herbaceous plant communities, and associated species traits. Ecology, 89(4): 1175. DOI: 10.1890/07-1104.1

Katharine Suding, Ashton, I. W., Bechtold, H., Bill Bowman, Mobley, M. L., Winkelman, R. 2008: Plant and microbe contribution to community resilience in a directionally changing environment. Ecological Monographs, 78(3): 313-329. DOI: 10.1890/07-1092.1

Cain, M. L., Bill Bowman, Hacker, S. D. 2008: Ecology. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates, 544 pp.

Meier, C., Bill Bowman 2008: Links between plant litter chemistry, species diversity, and below-ground ecosystem function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 105(50): 19,780-19,785. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0805600105

Meier, C., Bill Bowman 2008: Phenolic-rich leaf carbon fractions differentially influence microbial respiration and plant growth. Oecologia, 158(1): 95-107. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-008-1124-9

Nemergut, D. R., Townsend, A. R., Sattin, S. R., Freeman, K. R., Fierer, N., Neff, J. C., Bill Bowman, Schadt, C. W., Weintraub, M. N., Schmidt, S. K. 2008: The effects of chronic nitrogen fertilization on alpine tundra soil microbial communities: Implications for carbon and nitrogen cycling. Environmental Microbiology, 10(11): 3093-3105. DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01735.x

Bill Bowman, Gartner, J. R., Holland, K., Wiedermann, M. 2006: Nitrogen critical loads for alpine vegetation and terrestrial ecosystem response: Are we there yet?. Ecological Applications, 16 (3): 1183 1193.

Bill Bowman 2005: The response of alpine plants to environmental change: Feedbacks to ecosystem function. In Huber, U. M., Bugmann, H. K. M., and Reasoner, M. A. (eds.), Global change and mountain regions: A state of knowledge overview. Dordrecht: Springer.

Bardgett, R. D., Bill Bowman, Kaufmann, R., Schmidt, S. K. 2005: A temporal approach to linking aboveground and belowground ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20: 634-641. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2005.08.005

Steltzer, H., Bill Bowman 2005: Litter N retention over winter for a low and a high phenolic species in the alpine tundra. Plant and Soil, 275 (1-2): 361 370.

Bill Bowman, Steltzer, H., Rosenstiel, T. N., Cory Cleveland, Meier, C. L. 2004: Litter effects of two co-occurring alpine species on plant growth, microbial activity and immobilization of nitrogen. Oikos, 104: 336-344.

Bill Bowman, Bahn, L., Damm, M. 2003: Alpine landscape variation in foliar nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations and the relation to soil nitrogen and phosphorus availability. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 35(2): 144-149.

Fenn, M. E., Baron, J. S., Allen, E. B., Rueth, H. M., Nydick, K. R., Geiser, L., Bill Bowman, Sickman, J. O., Meixner, T., Johnson, D. W., Neitlich, P. 2003: Ecological effects of nitrogen deposition in the western United States. BioScience, 53: 404-420.

Amy MillerBill Bowman 2003: Alpine plants show species-level differences in the uptake of organic and inorganic nitrogen. Plant and Soil, 250: 283-292.

Bechtold, H. A., Forbis, T. A., Bill Bowman, Diggle, P. K. 2002: Lack of reproductive plasticity in alpine Saxifraga rhomboidea (Saxifragaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany, 22(3): 361-368. DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2002.tb01385.x

Miller, A. E., Bill Bowman 2002: Variation in nitrogen-15 natural abundance and nitrogen uptake traits among co-occurring alpine species: Do species partition by nitrogen form?. Oecologia, 130(4): 609-616. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-001-0838-8

Neff, J. C., Townsend, A. R., Gleixner, G., Scott J. Lehman, Turnbull, J., Bill Bowman 2002: Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon. Nature, 419(6910): 915-917. DOI: 10.1038/nature01136

Monson, R. K., Bill Bowman, Mullen, R. B. 2001: Plant nutrient relations. In Bowman, W. D. and Seastedt, T. R. (eds.), Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 198-221.

Bill Bowman, Fisk, M. C. 2001: Primary production. In Bowman, W.D. and Seastedt, T.R. (eds.), Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 177-197.

Bill Bowman 2001: Introduction: Historical perspective and significance of alpine ecosystem studies. In Bowman, W. D. and Seastedt, T. R. (eds.), Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-12.

Bill BowmanTim Seastedt 2001: Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem . New York: Oxford University Press, 338 p.

Welker, J.M., Bill BowmanTim Seastedt 2001: Response of alpine tundra to environmental change . In: Bowman, W.D. and Seastedt, T.R. (eds.), Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado. New York, Oxford University Press, pp. 304-322.

Bill Bowman, Bilbrough, C.J. 2001: Influence of a pulsed nitrogen supply on growth and nitrogen uptake in alpine graminoids. Plant and Soil 233:283-290

Bilbrough, C.J., Welker, J.M., Bill Bowman 2000: Early spring nitrogen uptake by snow-covered plants: a comparison of Arctic and Alpine plant function under the snowpack. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 32:404-411

Bill Bowman 2000: Biotic controls over ecosystem response to environmental change in alpine tundra of the Rocky Mountains. Ambio 29:396-400

Reich, P.B., Ellsworth, D.S., Walters, M.B., Vose, J.M., Gresham, C., Volin, J.C., Bill Bowman 1999: Generality of leaf trait relationships: a test across six biomes . Ecology 80(6):1955-1969

Bill Bowman, Keller, A., Nelson, M. 1999: Altitudinal variation in leaf gas exchange, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, and leaf mass per area in populations of Frasera speciosa. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 31(2):191-195

Bill Bowman, Steltzer, H. 1998: Positive feedbacks to anthropogenic nitrogen deposition in Rocky Mountain alpine tundra. Ambio 27:514-517

Steltzer, H., Bill Bowman 1998: Differential influence of plant species on soil N transformations within moist meadow alpine tundra. Ecosystems 1:464-474

Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B., Ellsworth, D.C., Vose, J., Volin, C., Gresham, C., Bill Bowman 1998: Relationships of leaf dark respiration to leaf N, SLA, and life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups. Oecologia 114:471-482

Thomas, B.D., Bill Bowman 1998: Influence of N2-fixing TRIFOLIUM on plant species composition and biomass production in alpine tundra. Oecologia 115:26-31

Theodose, T. A., Bill Bowman 1997: The influence of interspecific competition on the distribution of an alpine graminoid: Evidence for the importance of plant competition in an extreme environment. Oikos, 79: 101-114.

Theodose, T. A., Bill Bowman 1997: Nutrient availability, plant abundance, and species diversity in two alpine tundra communities. Ecology, 78: 1861-1872.

Bill Bowman, Schardt, J. C., Schmidt, S. K. 1996: Symbiotic N2-fixation in alpine tundra: Ecosystem input and variation in fixation rates among communities. Oecologia, 108: 345-350.

Lipson, D. J., Monson, R. K., Bill Bowman 1996: Luxury uptake and storage of nitrogen in the rhizomatous alpine herb, Bistorta Bistortoides. Ecology, 77: 1277-1285.

Theodose, T. A., Jaeger, C. H., Bill Bowman, Schardt, J. C. 1996: Uptake and allocation of 15N by alpine tundra plants: Implications for the role of competition in community structure in a stressful environment. Oikos, 75: 59-66.

Bill Bowman, Theodose, T. A., Fisk, M. C. 1995: Physiological and production responses of plant growth forms to increases in limiting resources in alpine tundra: Implications for differential community response to environmental change. Oecologia, 101: 217-227.

Bill Bowman 1994: Accumulation and use of nitrogen and phosphorus following fertilization in two alpine tundra communities. Oikos, 70(2): 261-270.

Bill Bowman, Conant, R. T. 1994: Shoot growth dynamics and photosynthetic response to increased nitrogen availability in the alpine willow Salix Glauca. Oecologia, 97: 93-99.

Bill Bowman, Theodose, T. A., Schardt, J. C., Conant, R. T. 1993: Constraints of nutrient availability on primary production in two alpine tundra communities. Ecology, 74(7): 2085-2097.

Bill Bowman, Turner, L. 1993: Photosynthetic sensitivity to temperature in populations of two C4 Bouteloua (Poaceae) species native to different altitudes. American Journal of Botany, 80(4): 369-374.

Neff, J. C., Bill Bowman, Holland, E. A., Fisk, M. C., Schmidt, S. K. 1993: Fluxes of nitrous oxide and methane from nitrogen amended soils in the Colorado alpine. Biogeochemistry, 27(1): 23-33.

Monson, R. D., Smith, S. D., Gehring, J. L., Bill Bowman, Szarek, S. R. 1992: Physiological differentiation within an Encelia farinosa population along a short topographic gradient in the Sonoran Desert. Functional Ecology, 6: 751-

Bill Bowman 1992: Inputs and storage of nitrogen in winter snowpack in an alpine ecosystem. Arctic and Alpine Research, 24: 211-215.

Grinspoon, J., Bill Bowman, Fall, R. 1991: Delayed onset of isoprene emission in developing velvet bean (Mucuna sp.) leaves. Plant Physiology, 97(1): 170-174. DOI: 10.1104/pp.97.1.170

Bock, J. H., Bill Bowman, Bock, C. E. 1991: Global change in the high plains of North America. Great Plains Research, 1(2): 283-301.

Bill Bowman 1989: The relationship between leaf water status, gas exchange, and spectral reflectance in cotton leaves. Remote Sensing of Environment, 30(3): 249-255. DOI: 10.1016/0034-4257(89)90066-7